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Regionalism in

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by

Lilli Mona

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of Regionalism in

Table of Content
Definition Regionalism

Regionalism vs Globalization

Old vs New Regionalism

Pros & Cons

Example: EU

Conclusion
Definition
Regionalism
IR:
limited

number of

states
in

mutual interdependency
with

common sense

of
identity
+
purpose

(economic, political units)
shaping
collective action

within a specific geographical
region

region: more economically integrated


one

world /
many
worlds relationship
(Andrew Hurrell)

world of regions:
successor of nation-states
alternative to globalization
Old vs.New
Regionalism
Phenomen
since earliest political communities

Earlier forms:

regional cooperation + integration
issues: security, political, economic
Example:
European Union
Regionalism emerged
: in Asia, Africa, America
furthest in Europe

EU
Union:
political, monetary, economic
Intergovernmental Organization

Stimulates
integration + institution-building at international level

Main theories
of regional integration:
Federalism, functionalism and neofunctionalism
Regionalism in
a globalized world

Conclusion
1945:
Reg organization worldwide

1980’s:
New wave of regionalism

Essentially economic in character

Technoligical revolution:
- vital basis for regionalism
- creating regional trade blocs


Regionalism vs Globalisation
Regionalism + Gobalisation:
two entirely different concepts, irreplaceable

Two popular assumptions of Regionalism

threat to Globalization, poses a serious challenge and
builds on Globalization, success bases on Globalization
builds on the effect of Globalization
Regional cooperation
good preparation for open international economy
training camp to go global

Regional liberalization
best way towards liberalization + globalization
"open-regionalism"

Increasingly in focus of globalized economics + world politics

Regionalism
most appropriate level to unify
the increasing + changing pressures of global competition with
the need for political regulation + management
Sources
Globalization

ongoing process
not largely initiated by states
but constantly happening
influenced by actors of
international system

Regionalism

process on conscious level
states make effort to form regional organisation
set up the rules + guidelines according to
regionally accepted norms + values
more voluntary process
more influenced + initiated by states of the region
stepping-stone on the way to Globalisation

‘safer’ version
of Globalisation:
providing benefits of inter-state trade & exchange
offering more protection than global market does
closer observation

Baylis, M, Smith,S, Owens,P. (2011)
The Globalization of World Politics
, 5th edition. New York: Oxford University Press
Breuss,F. (2001) Macroeconomic effects of EU enlargement for old and new members, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration.
e-international relations (2010) Does Regionalism challenge globalization or build on it? Available at: <http://www.e-ir.info/2010/05/13/does-regionalism-challenge-globalisation-or-build-on-it/> [Accessed 19 December 2013]
Pros and Cons
Benefits

Trade creation
Employment opportunity
Greater consensus
Political co-operation

Drawbacks

Trade diversion
Shifts in employment
Loss of sovereignty

Economic Incentives:
Stimulates economic growth
Countries specialise (economies of scale)
Decrease in transportation costs
Additional benefits (e.g. GATT, WTO)


Hunington. S, (1996), The Clash of Civilizations. And the Remaking of World Order, Simon & Schuster Inc, UK

Hurrell. A, (2007), One World? Many Worlds? The Place of Regions in the Study of International Society, International Affairs

Ravenhill. J, (2008), Global Political Economy, Oxford University Press. Oxford

Discussion:


Do you think the European Union will develop into a complete Political Union in the future? why or why not?

Is Regionalism encouraged through Globalization or is it declining in the globalized world?
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