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Abraham Lincoln's Fight For the White House

A thorough Examination of the Life and Legacy of Abraham Lincoln
by

Geoff Cleveland

on 12 February 2016

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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln's Fight For the White House

BIRTH.
Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809, second child of Thomas and Nancy Lincoln, in a log cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm, Kentucky.
YOUTH.
Lincoln was raised in the border states of Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois. In this time, he receives little education, and spends time reading and assisting his community.
Lincoln continues serving his community, working numerous odd jobs, and serves a small stint in the army during the Black Hawk War. He is a Captain of volunteers, and falls under the command of future President Zachary Taylor.
ADULTHOOD.
ENTRY INTO POLITICS.
Lincoln unsuccessfully runs for Illinois state legislature in 1832, but succeeds in 1834. He wins re-election until 1840 for his seat. He served in the House of Representatives from 1847 to 1849. In this time, he teaches himself law, and earns a patent for a system of boat ballasts.
BEFORE THE PRESIDENCY.
1858: Lincoln decides to run for Illinois' Senate seat. He is challenging Stephen Douglas (Democratic incumbent since 1847)
ELECTION OF 1860
THE CANDIDATES
THE CAMPAIGN
Lincoln was the only candidate not to give speeches or go out on the campaign trail. Instead, his party produced thousands upon thousands of propaganda
The appealing factor to Lincoln is a hard working, self taught farm boy can rise to the Presidency
RESULTS
POLITICAL CARTOONS
Lincoln is a threat to the institution of slavery. Southerners believe that their economy and way of life would be destroyed without slave labor
SOUTHERNER's REACTIONS
SLAVERY
SECTIONALISM: Differences in economies, social structure, customs, and political values
REASONS FOR SECESSION
EXCUSE ME MISS?
UNION NO MORE
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
JEFFERSON DAVIS
OVERVIEW.
OVERVIEW.
THE UNION CABINET.
THE CONFEDERATE CABINET.
PROCESSION AND RESTING PLACE.
PROCESSION AND RESTING PLACE.
INFLUENCES.
INFLUENCES.
Anyone who came across Lincoln personally liked him; he was very friendly. Lincoln was very empathetic, and made many friends. However, he was enigmatic and often lonely at times. Few people understood him completely. Despite being both a lawyer and a politician in his lifetime, Lincoln was very honest, and every person ranging from his enemies to his closest friends noticed this.
Lincoln’s key achievements can be summed up as follows: He fought, led, and won the Civil War; he preserved the Union; he helped rebuild the South during Reconstruction, and finally he abolished slavery through the 13th Amendment, and freed all slaves through the Emancipation Proclamation.

Without him, there may not be a slave-free, prospering Union-or an African-American leading it.
Davis was considered by many
a cold and distant man, but in reality
he possessed a very gentle disposition. He was capable of feeling incredibly powerful emotions but did all he could to control them. He was a stubborn
man; unwilling to compromise.
His father was perhaps the greatest influence to his personality, both in politics and in Jefferson’s personal life. Samuel Davis was strict, authoritative, and a staunch disciplinarian. He was cold and distant. Samuel was pig-head, opinionated and refused to take other’s advice and criticism. This is the attitude that he passed down to his son, the one that Jeff showcased in his public life. The many headmasters that he was educated by who were also a big influence in Davis’s early years.
Raised in the border states of Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois, Lincoln saw slavery in his neighborhood. Many of the fellow townspeople did not condone it and condemned it, especially Lincoln (this would shape his future views).
Death had personally touched Lincoln many times: his brother and two of his sons died in their infancy. Lincoln’s mother died at the age of nine. This contributed to Lincoln’ reserved, stoned-faced demeanor.
He was an advocate of slavery and it’s expansion. Davis was born and raised in the South, and lived much of his life on plantations. His brother Joseph, a planter, was one of the richest men in the South. At the same time, Jeff was a good man and kind to his slaves. There are many accounts of his slaves declaring that they loved him after his death.
He was informally tutored by many people, and of course, by his love of reading. He is one of the fewest receive a formal education, and yet is one of the greatest writers and orators of his day.

Lincoln also had a love of inventions, and gadgets. He devised an invention that would carry boats over shoals, and sandbars. To this day, he is the sole President to hold a patent for that very invention.
Jefferson Davis advocated for
development of industry
and the economy in the South,
as a means to balance the
power in the North. He was
devoted to the Union and had
no intention of separating
until the Mississippi Convention
voted for secession.
DEMEANOR, ATTITUDE, AND BELIEFS.
DEMEANOR, ATTITUDE, AND BELIEFS.
The many downturns in Lincoln’s life made him strong, persevering, and resilient. This subsequently made him very empathetic, charitable, and sensitive to others. Not only knew people, but he also loved and understood them-but not as individuals (which explains his loneliness). He knew how to ‘manipulate’ people through reason and the force of logic.
Lincoln’s traits made him the ideal politician. He was empathetic, yet perceptive of others. He saw the good in every person, yet he could see through the thickest ruse. He was your average American in a shirt and suspenders, yet he was almost godly for his intelligence and eloquence.
LEGACY AND TESTIMONY.
LEGACY AND TESTIMONY.
The man did not have great political skills, nor was he adept at working with others, however, Jefferson Davis was a gallant leader, a brave soldier and a kind man. His greatest battle was his greatest defeat but, though he lost the war, Jeff did not give up hope until the very end. The South considers him a hero to this day.
"All we ask is to be let alone." -Jefferson Davis
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
THE SOUTH SECEDES
"A house divided against itself cannot stand. "-Abraham Lincoln
TIMELINE ANALYSIS
OF
-
-
&
BRAHAM INCOLN
A
L
President of the United States of America,
II.
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AMERICAN HISTORY CLASS
MR. CLEVELAND
His mom dies of Milk sickness when Abe is Nine
YOUNG MAN
Lincoln worked many years building rail fences and gave all the money to his father. When he was 22 years old, he was hired to deliver goods by boat down the Mississippi. When he arrived in Louisiana he witnessed the horrors of slavery and is claimed to have walked home.
LOVE LIFE
In 1840, Lincoln became engaged to Mary Todd. Marry was from a wealthy slave holding family. The engagement was very rocky and Lincoln was even quoted when asked where he was going before his nuptials as saying "to hell I suppose."
The Lincoln's had four children, only which one lived to adulthood
BELIEFS
He believed strongly in "free-soil" and thus was against abolitionists and slavery. He wanted to send the slaves back to Africa and compensate the slave owners.
Douglas was named "The Little Giant"
LINCOLN VS. DOUGLAS
LINCOLN: Against slavery, against the spread of slavery
LINCOLN: Disagrees with the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the idea of popular sovereignty
LINCOLN: "The authors of the Declaration of Independence never intended 'to say all were equal in color, size, intellect, moral developments, or social capacity', but they 'did consider all men created equal—equal in certain inalienable rights, among which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness'
A HOUSE DIVIDED
"A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other"
RESULTS
DOUGLAS WINS
DOUGLAS: Popular Sovereignty
JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE: Supports slavery
JOHN BELL: No political principles other than the constitution
LINCOLN: Stop the Spread of Slavery
Lincoln was not on the ballot in 10 of the 15 Southern States
But the BIGGEST reason for secession is STATES' RIGHTS!!!
Respect the Dred Scott Decision
We have the right to secession because the Constitution will not be agreed upon
ORDER OF SECESSION
1. South Carolina
2. Mississippi
3. Florida
4. Alabama
5. Georgia
6. Louisiana
7. Texas
8. Virginia
9. Arkansas
10. Tennessee
11. North Carolina
DOUGLAS: Author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act thus believed in popular sovereignty

DOUGLAS: Abolishment of slavery will lead to war and the Union will dissolve
Full transcript