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Transcript of Lung Disease
MaiSee Xiong Clinical Manifestation Disease Management How to Prevent Chronic
Bronchitis Treatments Medications with indications
and Precautions Physical Assessments Signs and Symptoms Complaints Definition/Description Types; Classifications Causes Bronchitis is the inflammation of the lining of the airways, or bronchial tubes. When your airways are inflamed and/or infected, less air is able to flow to and from the lungs and you cough up heavy mucus or phlegm.
Symptoms include coughing, expectoration (spitting out) of mucus; other symptoms are lips and skin may appear blue, abnormal lung signs, swelling of the feet, and heart failure. The most common causes are smoking, however viral infection or bacteria and environmental pollution are also some of the main causes. There are two types of Bronchitis, acute bronchitis or chronic bronchitis.
In ordered to be classified as chronic bronchitis you have to cough and expectoration must occur most days for at least three months per year, for two years in a row, other causes of symptoms, such as tuberculosis or other lung diseases, must be excluded. Patients with chronic bronchitis will complain of:
- Coughing spells
pain in the left side of chest
- High fever
A person with chronic bronchitis has:
- A mucus-producing cough most days of the month, three months of a year for two years in a row without any other diseases to explain the cough.
- After a long period of irritation:
lining of the airways becomes thickened
an irritating cough develops
air flow may be hampered
the lungs become scarred
- The airways then become an ideal breeding place for infections
- Swelling in the ankles. What doctors tend to look for in order to identify chronic bronchitis:
Cyanosis- a bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood.
Low blood oxygen levels
Rapid respiratory rate
Signs of severe difficulty breathing To prevent
quit smoking. Some treatments for Chronic Bronchitis are:
-Antibiotics: help fight respiratory infections
-Broncho Dilator Medications: Inhaled as aerosol sprays or taken orally
-Oxygen Therapy: Oxygen comes in various forms and may be delivered with different devices
-Surgery: Lung volume reduction surgery Lung Diseases:
Chronic Bronchitis Monitoring Some ways to monitor Chronic Bronchitis is:
- Medical History and Physical Exam
- Lung Function Test
- Identifying people at risk (even if no symptoms shows) General Disease
Considerations Citations Recovery and Rehabilitation Pulmonary Rehabilitation includes:
- Nutrition counseling
- Learning special breathing techniques
- Help with quitting smoking
- Starting an exercise regimen. "Understanding Chronic Bronchitis." Understanding Chronic Bronchitis - American Lung Association. American Lung Association, 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2013. <http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/bronchitis-chronic/understanding-chronic-bronchitis.html>.
"Chronic Bronchitis." Chronic Bronchitis. The Ohio State's Wexner Medical Center, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2013. <http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/lung_diseases/lung/bronchitis/Pages/index.aspx>.
"Chronic BronchitisTreatment." Chronic Bronchitis Treatment. USCF Medical Center, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2013. <http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/chronic_bronchitis/treatment.html>.
"Healthopedia.com - Chronic Bronchitis: Treatment & Monitoring." Healthopedia.com - Chronic Bronchitis: Treatment & Monitoring. Patient Marketing Group, Inc., n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2013. <http://www.healthopedia.com/chronic-bronchitis/treatment.html>.
"Chronic Bronchitis." Chronic Bronchitis. PROAIR'HFA, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2013. <http://www.proairhfa.com/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease/chronic-bronchitis.aspx>.
Education 1. According to estimates from the Centers for Disease Control, about 9.9 million people in the United States -- 4.3 percent of the population -- were living with chronic bronchitis in 2011.
2. An estimated 85% to 90% of chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cases are caused by smoking.
3. Most people don't know they have chronic bronchitis until they're 40 or older and kids 5 and younger are most likely to get acute bronchitis. -ProAir® HFA is an inhaled medicine that treats chronic bronchitis.
- Tell the Doctor if you have a heart, blood, or seizure disorder, high blood pressure, diabetes, or an overactive thyroid.
- Side effects associated with ProAir® HFA included headache, rapid heart beat, pain, dizziness, and irritation of the throat and nose.