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Transcript of Odysseus' Travelogue
After leaving Troy, Odysseus and his men landed at Ismarus, known as the Island of Cicones. The Cicones are allies of the Trojans. When Odysseus and his men raided and robbed the island, the Ciconian army retaliated, killed some of Odysseus' men, and drove them to the sea. Island of the Cicones Odysseus and his men were offered lotus for them to eat. Odysseus' men ate the fruits and soon forgot their homeland. They wanted to stay there forever. Odysseus was spared for he did not eat the fruit. He had to drag his men to their ship for them to continue their travel. Island of the Lotus Eaters Odysseus and his men landed on a deserted island and they feasted on the wine and the food found there. The island was inhabited by the cyclopes and one of them was Cyclope Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon. When Odysseus and his men had an encounter with him, they blinded him. This was the reason why Poseidon really got mad with Odysseus. Island of the Cyclopes Here, Odysseus met King Aeolus, the keeper of the wind. The King graciously received Odysseus and his crew. King Aeolus even gave him a leather sack containing all the dreadful winds so that they can sail smoothly back home. However, his crew thought that sack was full of treasure and when Odysseus slept, they opened it. As a result, they were not able to sail back home. Island of the Wind This was the land of the cannibals, who bombarded Odysseus' ships with boulders. Only the ship, where Odysseus was in, and forty-five of his men survived from the attack. Island of the Laestrygonians/ Laistrygones This island was ruled by Circe, the Enchantress. She turned Odysseus' crew into beasts. Odysseus was spared because Apollo gave him an herb, Moly, to counteract the potion. Circe gave Odysseus a condition that in order for his men to be transformed again into humans, he must become her lover. Circe released Odysseus from captivity. She even offered him directions to the Underworld. Island of the Aeaea Odysseus went to the underworld where the spirits of the dead reside. There he summoned the spirit of the old prophet Tiresias to advise him. Next he met the spirit of his own mother, who had died of grief during his long absence; from her, he learned for the first time news of his own household, threatened by the greed of Penelope's suitors. The Underworld Odysseus and his crew passed by the island of the Sirens. These creatures have unhealthy appetite for the flesh. They lure men through their enchanting voices. Odysseus ordered his men to put beeswax on their ears so that they could not hear the sirens singing. However, Odysseus was curios to hear the sirens sing so he asked his crew to tie him to the mast. When Odysseus heard the sirens singing, he begged to be released; but his men ignored him. Island of the Sirens Odysseus and his crew had to pass the passageway between Scylla, the six-headed monster, and Charybdis, a whirlpool. Odysseus chose the lesser damage/harm, so they sailed near Scylla. As a result, he lost six of his men. The Passageway between Scylla and Charybdis Odysseus and his men were warned not to eat the cattle in this island. However, his men were so hungry that they did not anymore heed the warning. Because of this, Odysseus lost all his men. The Island of the Sun God The Island of the Nymph Calypso Odysseus, all alone, found himself in the island ruled by the Nymph Calypso. Calypso fell in love with him and she offered him immortality if he would stay in the island with her. Odysseus still longed for his wife and son. Because of this, Zeus intervened and he asked Apollo to tell Calypso to release Odysseus from captivity. Poseidon, still angry with Odysseus, did not want him to return home. On his journey, he met a strong typhoon which destroyed his raft. He found himself once again on another island. He was fortunate that the ruler, King Alcinous, was kind enough to help him return to his homeland after learning about his exploits. Island of the Phaeacians He disguised as a beggar for him to see the situation in his homeland after his arrival. He found out that his kingdom was being ransacked by his wife's suitors. He was thankful that his wife had remained faithful to him. In the end, he revealed himself and killed all his wife's suitors. Island Of Ithaca