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The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act
Transcript of The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act
~Socrates The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act 1949-1998 Who is Matthew? The Laramie Project (2001) President Obama Born December 1, 1976 Parents: Judy and Dennis Shepard From Casper, Wyoming University of Wyoming in Laramie Studied: Political Science, Foreign Relations, and Language. Funny Easy to talk to Friendly Passionate for equal rights The Crime On October 7, 1998 Matthew, being a normal 21 year old College student, went out to a local club. Two men, Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson, offered Matthew a ride home, Matthew accepted but never made it home. The boys took him out to a remote area in Laramie and tied him to a wooden fence before they beat him with the butt of a pistol. After almost 18 hours Matthew was found by a cyclist and taken to the hospital. Matt died October 12 at 12:53 A.M. Aaron McKinney & Russell Henderson Aaron and Russell both received two consecutive life sentences. The boys avoided the death penalty by reaching a plea that spared them. "...All I wanted to do was beat him up and rob him." Aaron McKinney Who is James? Born May 2, 1949 in Beaumont, Texas Son of Stella and James Byrd Sr. Graduated in 1967 He was in the last segregated class at Jasper's Rowe High School James was married Had three children The Crime On the night of June 7, 1998 James was walking down a dirt road near Jasper, Texas. Three men, Shawn Berry, Lawrence Brewer, and John King, stopped and offered Byrd a ride home. After James accepted the ride the men beat him and then chained him to the back of their truck before they drug him down a three mile dirt road. He was dismembered during the dragging but the boys left what was remaining of him near a church at the end of the road. Shawn Berry, Lawrence Brewer, and John King. King Brewer Berry The Life and Tragic Death of James Byrd, Jr. Suicide surge in 2010 due discrimination - There are multiple suicides among young adults every year due to bullying and discrimination. Many of the suicides in and around 2010 were LGBT. - Suicide as a result of bullying is sometimes called 'Bullycide'. - Statistics show that in 2010 38,364 people committed suicide. An average of 105 a day. - Many people that make suicide attempts or have suicidal thoughts never seek help. Tyler Clementi ~ Talented violinist ~ Attended George Washington University ~ Tyler's roommate video taped him in his room being intimate with a man and posted the video online. ~ On September 22, 2010 Tyler jumped off the George Washington Bridge into the Hudson River. ~ Tyler was only eighteen years old. Zach Harrington ~ On October 5, 2010 Zach took his own life at his family's home in Norman, Oklahoma at 19 years old. ~ He attended a city council meeting where anti-gay arguments were heard. His family says that the slander was only part of the reason, the other part being bullying. Raymond Chase ~ Culinary arts student at Johnson and Wales University in Rhode Island. ~ He hung himself in his college dorm on September 29, 2010. He was nineteen-years-old. ~ No one knows why he did it. Corey Jackson ~ Sophomore at Oakland University in Michigan ~ He had recently come out about being homosexual. ~ On October 19, 2010 Corey took his own life. ~ The police said that after talking to some of Corey's peers they concluded bullying was not an issue of Corey's but his family told the media different. ~ Corey was nineteen when he died. Brittany Helton ~ She lived in Muncy, PA. ~ On August 4, 2010 Brittney took her own life, a month and a day after her nineteenth birthday. ~ Her family has memorial pages dedicated to suicide prevention and bullycide awareness. Scott Walz ~ He was a senior at Johnsburg High School in Johnsburg, Illinois. ~ On March 4, 2010, just months away from graduating highshool, eighteen year old Scott hung himself in his room. ~ Scott started to get bullied in middle school and was bullied all the way threw highshool. The school allegedly knew and made no efforts to help, efforts that could have saved Scott's life. Jordan Binion ~ Jordan was a senior at Graham Kapowsin High School in Graham, Washington ~ On October 19, 2010 Jordan took his own life at 17. ~ Friends and family say that Jordan was bullied to the point of feeling helpless. Jesse Buchsbaum ~ Jesse was in the eleventh grade at Boyerton Area High School in Pennsylvania. ~ He took his own life on October 25, 2010. ~ Jesse was a little 'slow' and was bullied for being different and having little to no friends. ~ Jesse was seventeen. Felix Sacco ~ Felix was a senior at Saugus High School in Massachusetts. ~ Felix had been seeing a psychiatrist to cope with bulling. ~ In late September 2010 Felix was seen crying at school and when he had no one to turn to he left and took a short walk to an overpass where he jumped to his death. Cody Barker ~ He attended Shiocton High School in Shiocton, Wisconsin. ~ He was seventeen years old when he took his life. ~ Bulling is suspected as the cause. Alexis Pilkington ~ West Islip High School senior. ~ She had a soccer scholarship. ~ The seventeen-year-old committed suicide in March of 2010 after being bullied online. ~ Even after her death she was still made fun of online. Christian Taylor ~ Sixteen-year-old freshman at Grafton High School in N.Y. ~ He hung himself in his room with a dog collar in late May 2010. ~ Chris was bullied at school for a prolonged period of time before the suicide. His mother even informed law enforcement and the school just weeks before the suicide. Cassidy Andel ~ Sixteen-year-old Cassidy lived in Cooperstown, North Dakota. ~ She hung herself on Novemver 4, 2010. ~ Cassidy suffered from depression and anxiety. That along with bulling led to her death. Justin Aaberg ~ Justin just finished his freshman year at Anoka High School. ~ Justin was openly gay and had been since thirteen. ~ He killed himself when he reached the point where he could no longer cope, that was July 9, 2010. Harrison Brown ~ Harrison was a sophomore at Poudre High School in Rand, Colorado. ~ He killed himself on September 25, 2010. ~ He was fifteen. ~ His friends said that bullying played a major role in his death. Billy Lucas ~ Billy lived in Greensburg, Indiana. ~ On September 9, 2010 he hung himself in his barn. ~ Kids at school would make fun of him being gay and tell him to go kill himself. Alex Moore ~ Alex attended Jemison High School in Jemison, Alabama. ~ In mid-May Alex walked to an overpass and jumped. ~ Continuous bulling at school and dealing with the accidental death of her sister two years prior led up to her death. Ashley Rodgers ~ She was a sophomore at Glenn High School in Kernersville, NC. ~ She hung herself in April, 2010 after two days of harassing text messages. ~ She was fifteen. Phobe Prince ~ She was a fifteen year old student at South Hadley High School. ~ She was bullied for over six months. ~ She took her life on January 14, 2010. Brendan Clarke ~ Brendan was a freshman at Stroudsburg High School. ~ He was 14 when he took his life on November 11, 2010. ~ He had been waiting to see a psychologist about his depression. Jeremy Wise ~ In the eight grade at North Middle School in West Virginia. ~ He was constantly picked on about his weight. ~ He was fourteen when he took his own life on November 3, 2010. Samantha Kelly ~ The fifteen-year-old hung herself on November 8, 2010. ~ She had made allegations of rape against a senior at her high school in September. ~ Students at her school harassed her from September until her death. ~ The senior (18) was not charged and charges were dropped. Brandon Bitner ~ He was a freshman at Midd West High School in Pennsylvania. ~ He wrote a suicide note to his parents telling them to be strong enough not to let anyone else do what he did. ~ On November 5, 2010 Brandon walked to the highway and walked in front of a semi-truck. Jamarcus Bell ~ He lived in Indiana and attended Hamilton Southeastern High School. ~ He was a baseball player and a member of the schools step team. ~ He was bullied for being gay. ~ He killed himself on October 20, 2010, he was 14. Caleb Nolt ~ He was a Freshman at North Side High School in Indiana. ~ He was bullied at school for how he dressed. ~ He committed suicide on September 20, 2010. Seth Walsh ~ Seth was in the eight grade at Jacobsen Middle School. ~ He attempted to hang himself on September nineteenth but his mom found him unconscious. ~ He was on life support for over a week before he died on September twenty-ninth. He was 13. ~ His school was well aware of him being bullied and after he came out about being gay the bulling only got worse. Jon Carmichael ~ Jon was an eighth grader in Texas. ~ He was bullied at school constantly. ~ He hung himself in late March 2010 after being put in a trash can during P.E. ~ He was thirteen when he died. Asher Brown ~ He lived in Texas and he was an eighth grader. ~ He was picked on by four people about his size, how he dressed, being Buddhist, and being gay. ~ He was thirteen years old when he took a gun and shot himself in the head. Kimberly Linczeski Ernest Fuller Ty Smalley Celina Okwuone Montana Lance ~ Kimberly was a sixth grader in Michigan. ~ She was bullied for over two years. On her death day she got sent home for punching one of her aggressors in the face. ~ Kimberly hung herself on March third but died on March sixth. ~ Ernest was a twelve-year-old six grader. ~ He was bullied at school. ~ He took his own life in January 2010. ~ Richard "Ty" Smalley was a sixth grader in Oklahoma. ~ He was bullied by another student for over a year before Ty got suspended for standing up for himself. ~ The eleven-year-old shot himself in late May. ~ He was a fourth grader at Stewart Creek Elementary school. ~ Montana had a lisp and was learning disabled so he was bullied. ~ He hung himself in the school bathroom in January 2010. ~ He was nine-years-old. ~ She attended a Catholic School in Florida. ~ She wrote about her bulling in her diary. ~ She took her life on May twentieth 2010. ~ Her skin color played a role in the bulling. Kids called her "Blacky". 18 The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 (A.K.A. The Matthew Shepard Act) ~ President Barack Obama passed the act in 2009. ~ The act was made because of the tragic deaths of James Byrd and Matthew Shepard. ~ The act got it's name in honor of the men. What the act does. * Helps to prosecute and investigate hate crimes. * The act reaches a wider array of victims and includes those victimized due to their actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability and when the crime affected interstate or foreign commerce or occurred within federal special maritime and territorial jurisdiction. 19 15 15 15 14 13 13 11 9 * The statute does not criminalize threats to cause harm although other hate crimes statutes do. Citation Burgess, Christopher. Christopher Burgess . Web. 8 May 2013. <http://www.burgessct.com/>. Moossy, Robert . "Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, JR., Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009." The United States Department of Justice. The United States Department of Justice. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/crm/matthewshepard.php>. Sawyer, Diane. "New Detail Emerge in Matthew Shepard Murder." World News with Diane Sawyer. ABC 20/20, 26 09 2004. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://abcnews.go.com/2020/story?id=277685&page=1