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Copy of Sociolinguistics - Dialectology and Variation
Transcript of Copy of Sociolinguistics - Dialectology and Variation
blue = grinder
green = hoagie "What do you call the long sandwich that contains cold cuts, lettuce, etc.? " Linguistics 1000, Lauren B. Collister, University of Pittsburgh hella/very "damn, I'm hella tired" "very tired today :(" red = hella yellow = very + social media /r/-less
raised vowels /r/-less
no caught/cot merger
diphthongization of /er/ vowel shift
(can you diagram this in IPA?) bus -> boss caught -> cot moss -> mass (almost) cat -> key-at (almost) the picture is actually more complex
--->the further you get from Detroit/Chicago, the fewer aspects of the shift people have
(e.g. in your instructor's hometown near Cleveland, there is no bus->boss shift) monophthong "long" vowels
e.g. the /ou/ in Minnesota is said [o:]
(this is the same as the Canadianism "out")
what other vowels are distinctive? lowering of initial sound of diphthongs
many aspects of Southern shift pin/pen merger
fronting of back vowels
what else? very homogenized dialect area - why?
cot/caught merger (close to /o/)
some fronting of /u/
what's the "performed" variety here?
(hint: it has to do with identity, not geography!) linguists mapped language by making recordings of people from different areas reading wordlists and talking about lexical items isoglosses they created (boundaries between dialect areas) these are very controversial now -people move a lot more than they did 50 years ago
-mass media and the Internet changed everything Silicon Valley -
many "very" users why?
transplants for work drawbacks: -"location" does not mean "native variety"
(again, people move around a lot)
-geographic data only, no identity variables
-Twitter data (online language) may not correspond to spoken language (but does this really matter? benefits: -easy to collect lots of data
-software exists to analyze and map results quickly and accurately
-"natural" usage - no performed readings
-very relevant to current usage lots of 'very' in Silicon Valley - why? (hint: transplants!)