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THE NON PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS TREATY

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Ariana Melchor

on 19 September 2015

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Transcript of THE NON PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS TREATY

NON PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS TREATY
Signed the 1st July 1968 (NY)
Became effective March 5th 1970
190 signatories
CREATION
Prevent countries that don't have nuclear weapons fro obtaining them
Non Proliferation
Encourage countries with nuclear weapons to dispose of them
Disarmament (article VI)
NON SIGNATORY COUNTRIES
SOUTH SUDAN
INDIA
PAKISTAN
ISRAEL
NORTH KOREA (WITHDREW)
OBJECTIVE
Prevent the spread of nuclear weapons
Promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear technology
Achieve the nuclear disarmament
Prevent transfer from countries with nuclear weapons to countries without them
Prevent manufacture of nuclear weapons
NPT PARTIES
Non Nuclear Weapon States
Nuclear Weapon States
never to acquire nuclear weapons
share the benefits of peaceful nuclear technology and to pursue nuclear disarmament
Review Conferences of the Parties to the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Do not assist, encourage, or induce" a non-nuclear weapon state (NNWS) to acquire nuclear weapons (Article I)
"obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects"
Peaceful use of nuclear energy
Allows NWS to transfer technology to other signatory countries in order to develop civilian nuclear weapon programs as long as they can demonstrate that their nuclear programs are not being used for the development of nuclear weapons.
Primary complication of the treaty comes from overlap of potential commercial and military uses as the operation of certain nuclear facilities creates material that could easily be converted to a nuclear weapon as a by product giving countries "virtual nuclear weapons programs"
IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)
Agree to apply the safeguards to all nuclear activity.
IAEA - Crisis of 2011 regarding North Korea and Iran
Recalling article III of the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons treaty, calls countries to accept safeguards as agreed in the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
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