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Toy Safety and Recall

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Kayla Hoelscher

on 11 August 2017

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Transcript of Toy Safety and Recall

Toy Safety and Recall
History's Worst Toys
1. Easy-Bake Ovens Cause Burns
Common Hazards
2. Lead-Filled Thomas The Train

About 1.5 million Thomas & Friends Wooden Railway Toys were recalled in 2007
paint on the toys was found to contain lead, which is toxic if ingested and particularly harmful to children under the age of six.
3. Aqua Dots
One of 2007’s more popular toys,
small, colorful beads that could be arranged into different designs and then permanently set with a sprinkle of water.
reports surfaced almost immediately of children vomiting and lapsing into comas after swallowing the beads.
scientists discovered that the glue contained chemicals that metabolized into gamma-hydroxybutyrate, otherwise known as GHB – the date rape drug.
4. Snacktime Cabbage Patch Doll
mechanical jaws tried to consume the fingers and hair of inquisitive and unlucky children.
The Snacktime’s mechanism was a one-way battery-powered roller with no off switch.
The dolls were eventually pulled from the shelves… after the Christmas season.
5. Inflatable Baby Boats
Inflatable Baby Boat were supposed to be a fun way for a baby or toddler to float safely in a pool.
the boats’ leg straps were prone to tear, causing the baby or toddler in question to slip through
In 2009, four million of the boats were recalled after more than 30 infants nearly drowned.
It turned out, Aqua-Leisure had been aware of the problem for at least six years and the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) ultimately fined the company $650,000.
Choking
-Most common cause of toy related deaths
-From 2005-2009, 41 children died due to choking on toys, toy parts, or balloons
Therefore:
-Bigger is better: no small parts for children under 3

-Read and heed warning labels: toys with small parts for children 3 to 6 are required to have explicit choking hazard warnings

-Never give young children small balls or balloons: they can block the child's airway
Magnetic Toys
Magnets may fall out of toys and look like shiny candy

If a child swallows more than one magnet, they can attract each other within the child's body and cause life threatening damage

Seek immediate medical help if magnets are swallowed
Watch for loose Batteries
Battery acid can cause fatal injuries if batteries are swallowed
Strangulation Hazards
Mobiles, Cords, & Drawstrings
Mobiles: keep out of reach of baby and remove before baby can push him/herself up (5 months)
Cords: keep from forming a dangerous loop by removing knobs and beads
Drawstrings: clothing with drawstrings can get caught on playground equiptment and other objects, causing strangulation
Lead & Other Toxic Chemicals
Lead: The use of lead in paint has been phased out of toys since 2009
*older toys may still contain lead
The Consumer Product Safety Commission has found high levels of lead in vinyl lunchboxes and bibs, costume jewelry, as well as paint on toys
You can purchase a home lead test at local hardware stores
Other Chemicals: avoid play cosmetics that have xylene, toluene, or dibutyl phthalate
PVC Plastic: toys with this kind of plastic (poly vinyl chloride) may cause developmental hazards
Choose unpainted wooden or cloth toys instead
Recalls & Reporting
Many toys are recalled annually
visit www.recalls.gov to find an updated list
On this website, you can also find recalled items pertaining to medicine, motor vehicles, food, cosmetics, and other consumer products
Report an unsafe toy to the Consumer Product Safety Commission
Phone: 1-800-638-2772
Website: saferproducts.gov
Recap:
Age Appropriate
Toddlers (1-3 years old)
appropriate:
*pop up toys, blocks, stacking rings
*puzzles and shape sorters, hardback books with rounded edges
*play furniture, sandbox toys

not appropriate:
*small objects like marbles
*stuffed animals with loosely sewn on parts
*sharp edged toys
Preschoolers (4-5 years old)
-basic board games and musical instruments
-large crayons and pencils, blunt edged scissors, glue
-modeling clay
-sandbox, pail, and shovel
-ride on toys used on flat, smooth surfaces
-bicycles with training wheels, tricycles
not appropriate:
electrical toys, remote control toys without supervision, sharp edged objects
Ages 5-8
boardgames, dolls, cars, technology toys
(read along books)
Ages 9-12
-outdoor toys (bikes, skateboards, skates, scooters) with safety gear and supervision
-arts & crafts
Age 13-Teenagers
*prefer electronics (phone, compuer, iPad, video games)
*board games (Scrabble, Monopoly)
*get involved with sports
Tips and Recommendations
Select toys that suit child's age, ability, skills, and interest level
Read the instructions before allowing a child to play with a gift or a toy you bought for them
Avoid burns and shocks; don't give children under 10 a toy that must be plugged into an electrical outlet
Per government regulations, toys for children under 3 cannot have pieces less than 1 and 1/4 inches in diameter and 2 and 1/4 inches long
Avoid stomach and intestinal problems, as well as death by swallowing buttons, magnets, and batteries
Call a health professional if this occurs
Pull toys with strings longer than 12 inches can be a strangulation hazard
Store toys in a designated place such as a low shelf, toy box, or toy closet
Keep older children's toys away from younger children
A Checklist Before Buying
-Does the toy have sharp edges?
-Can small parts be removed and swallowed?
-Will it make loud noises that can damage hearing?
-Does it have hidden sharp points or prongs?
-Is it a throwing toy with a sharp point?
-Is it an improperly constructed electrical toy?
-Is it appropriate for the child's age?
Take Extra Caution
when selecting a toy for a toddler
-They trip and fall easily
-Everything goes into their mouth
About a million Easy-Bake Ovens were recalled in 2007
government said it received hundreds of reports of children getting their hands stuck inside the toy's opening
16 cases resulted in second- or third-degree burns.
One five-year-old girl was burned severely enough by the toy that she had to have one of her fingers partially amputated.
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