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Religions

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by

Lisa Qu

on 18 January 2014

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Transcript of Religions

Religions
Judaism
Hinduism
Buddhism
Confucianism
Christianity
Islam
Founder
Abraham
Sacred Site
Israel- "The Promised Land"
Jewish people have fought to regain their homeland of Israel
Sacred Symbol
Star of David
Sacred Text
Torrah and Talmud
Interesting Facts
20 million Jews
First monotheist religion
Persecuted in the Holocaust
Related to Christianity and Islam through Abraham
Founder
No Specific Founder

Important People:
Shankara
Abhinavagupta
Ramunja
Sacred Site
Mindir
Varanasi
Sacred Symbol
Ohm
Sacred Text
Vedas
Puranas
Upanishads
Bhagavad Gita (larger part of Mahabharata)

Special Days
Diwali- Festival of Lights
Holi- Festival of Colors
Janmashtami- Krishna's Birthday
Maha Shivaratri- Great Festival of Shiva

Interesting Facts
About 900 million followers
3rd largest religion
Believe in reincarnation, caste system, and multiple gods
4,000 years old
Founder
Siddhartha Gautama
Sacred Site
Temples
Monasteries
Sacred Symbol
Sacred Text
4 Noble Truths (which include the Eightfold Path)
Special Days
Buddhist New Year
Vesak- Buddha Day (Day of Buddha's Enlightenment)
Asalha Puja- Buddha's First Sermon After Enlightenment
Magha Puja- merit-making day
Interesting Facts
350 million followers
Split into more than 3 branches, but there are 3 main branches
Buddha was born Hindu
Can practice more than one religion
Dharmachakra
Founder
Confucius
( ,Kong Qiu)
Sacred Sites
Sacred Symbol
Sacred Text
Special Days
Interesting Facts
Founder
Sacred Site
Sacred Symbol
Sacred Text
Special Days
Interesting Facts
Founder
Sacred Site
Sacred Symbol
Sacred Text
Special Days
Interesting Facts
Special Days
Rosh Hashanah- Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur- Day of Attonement
Passover (Pesach)- Freedom from enslavement to the Egyptians
Hanukkah- Festival of Lights
Lulu Fan, Seungmee Kim, Lisa Qu, Leah Rahman

Ethnic
Ethnic
Universalizing
Ethnic
Universalizing
Universalizing
Sikhism
Universalizing
Founder
Guru Nanak
Sacred Site
Sacred Symbol
Sacred Text
Special Days
Interesting Facts
Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple)
Shrines
The Five Holy Takhts
Khanda
About 20 million followers
Commemorates historical events
Tenth guru, Gobind Singh- after death- highest spiritual authority is the holy scriptures of the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy text)
Adi Granth
Guru Granth Sahib
Births and Deaths of 10 gurus
Day when Holy Granth was installed as the religion's spiritual guide
Jesus
Judea
Bethlehem
Nazareth
Church
Bible
Christmas- Jesus' Birthday
Easter- Resurrection of Jesus
Lent (Catholic/Lutheran mainly)- fasting in preparation for Easter
2 billion adherents
The most widespread distribution
Predominant religion in North America, South America, Europe, Australia, and countries with a Christian majority exist in Africa and Asia
Three main branches
Roman Catholic
Protestant
Eastern Orthodox
Muhammad
Quran
Hijri New Year- Islamic New Year
Ramadan- the ninth month of the Islamic calendar that is the holy month of fasting
Eid Alfiter- the holiday that marks the end of Ramadan
Eid Aladha- the holiday that honors the the willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his first-born son, Ishmael, for God. Luckily, God provided him with a goat instead at the last minute
Prophet's Birthday- birth of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad
Middle of Shaaban (Prayer day)- the holiday where there is a festive nightlong vigil with prayers. In some regions, ancestors are honored.
1.2 billion adherents
The word Islam means "submission to the will of God" in Arabic
The core of Islamic belief is represented by the five pillars of faith
Cannot eat pork
Islamic greeting means "peace on you"
Al-hilal
Cross
-Temples
-The Dacheng Hall in Qufu, China
(Water in Chinese)
-The 5 Classics:
1) I Ching
2) Classic of Poetry
3) Book of Documents
4) Book of Rites
5) Spring and Autumn Annals
-The Analects
-September 28th,Confucius's birthday
-Many adherents perform special rituals for the death of loved ones (no particular/ set date)
-practiced by 6.3 million people
-developed around 2,500 years ago
-originated in China
-about the quest for harmony
Prophet Mosque (in Madina)
Kaaba (in Makkah)
Al-Aqsa Mosque (in Jerusalem)
All Mosques
Full transcript