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OSSLT

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by

Rosemarie Christina

on 3 November 2014

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Transcript of OSSLT

Tips for Writing the OSSLT

Short Writing Task
Plan:
Turn question into a statement
Eg. Do you prefer to wear your own clothing or a school uniform?
Explain your answer
I prefer to wear a uniform as it...
Write:
Begin with your topic sentence that has a clear main idea
Write a short paragraph using one sense that you feel most strongly about
Write a concluding sentence that connects to the main idea, begin with words such as "That is why," or "To sum up"
Review:
Proofread for spelling/grammar/punctuation

Writing a News Report
Plan:
Use the headline and picture to predict what the news report is about
Answer the 5w's using the picture information for the facts
Give first and last names to people in your report
Write:
Opening Paragraph:

Begin the news report with "yesterday" and state briefly what happened
Body Paragraph:
Answer the 5W's
Include quotes from people in your news report
Write in the third person: he, she, they,
not "I"

Write short paragraphs-only one to two sentences
Use transitional words/phrases to join ideas
Conclusion:
Write an ending to your story
Review:
Proofread for spelling/grammar/punctuation

Writing a Summary
Review:
Proofread for spelling/grammar/punctuation
Tips: Put your ideas in the same logical order as they are in the reading
Plan:
Read and re-read the article to identify the topic
Circle/
highlight
key words and ideas
Determine what the author says about the topic to find the main idea
Select
two or three
details to use in your summary
Write:
Write a topic or a beginning sentence that includes the
main idea
Select
two or three supporting details
and write a sentence about each
Write
one or more
sentences that further explains or offers an example of the
supporting detail
Repeat for two more supporting details
Series of Paragraphs Expressing an Opinion
Plan:
Choose a position (opinion) on the topic: yes/agree or no/disagree
Draft a topic sentence that states your opinion
Turn the question into a topic sentence
List two or three points or details that support your opinion
Rank them by importance
Provide an explanation/reason and include an example for each point
Write:
Paragraph 1:
Write a general statement that gets the reader's attention
Include a sentence that states your opinion clearly
Within this sentence include a
"how"
or
"why"
components to your opinion
Paragraph 2:
choose one of the points to be developed in detail that proves your thesis.
Explain your reasoning with further details or examples
Paragraph 3 and 4:

Repeat for your second and third points
Paragraph 5:

Restate your position/argument using different words, ending with a general statement.
Review:
Proofread for spelling/grammar/punctuation
Common Spelling Rules
Spelling
1.
Use i before e
- except after c, or when sounded as
"a"
as in
"neigbour"
and
"weigh"
ex. believe, chief, piece, and thief; deceive, receive, weigh, and freight
2.
Drop the final e
- before a suffix beginning with a
vowel (a, e, i, o, u)
but not before a suffix beginning with a consonant
ex. ride + ing = riding, entire + ly = entirely
3.
Change
a final
y to an i
- before a suffix, unless the suffix begins with i.
ex. party + es = parties, try + ing = trying
4.
Double a final consonant
- when a single vowel precedes the consonant and the consonant ends an accented syllable or a one-syllable word.
ex. stop + ing = stopping, benefit + ed = benefited
5.
Homophones
- words that sound the same, but are spelled differently - spelling is dependent on meaning.
ex. wood/would, their/there/they're, to/too/ two, hear/here


Grammar
1.
Capitalize
proper nouns and words at the beginning of a sentence
2.
Check subject/verb agreement

ex. Joseph cooks dinner. Joseph and Mary cook dinner.
3.
Apostrophes
are used to show possession ex. John's cat
4.
Contractions
combining two words
ex. it's = it is. You're = you are
5.
Punctuate
wisely; avoid run on sentences.
6.
Comma-Use
a comma when you wish to link two independent clauses with words
such as
but, and, for, so, yet
ex. "I am going home, but I will be back later."
7.
Semi-colon
when you link two independent clauses with NO connecting words
ex. "I am going home; I will be back later."
Active Reading Strategies
Before you read:
1. Connecting: What do you already know about the reading by scanning the titles/headings
While you read:
1. Skimming: Scan the reading to find the main idea
a) Scan: read the first and last sentence/paragraph. Ask yourself "what did I learn?" "How is this useful?"
b) Focus: turn the first sentence into a question; then read the paragraph for te answer.
c) Review: reread the first and last sentences.
d) Retell: in your own words, say what the paragraph is about (in one/two sentences).
e) Reflect: what did the paragraph make think about and feel
2. Highlight: Key points, words, phrases that help you remember what it's about.
3. Chunk: break down difficult words (identify root/prefixes/suffixes)
4. Signal Words: look for words to guide you such as before, next, similar to etc.
After reading checklist:
≠Have I read the first and last sentence to get a sense of what the reading is about?
Have I turned the first sentence into a question and read the answer?
Have I reviewed the reading and reflected on what it means to me?
Common Grammar Rules
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