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Medicine and its specialties

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on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Medicine and its specialties

ALLERGOLOGY
medical specialty that involves the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by immunological mechanisms.
ANESTHESIOLOGY
Medical specialty associated with the practice of anesthesia.

It deals with the state of consciousness and insensitivity to pain patient also takes care of the sick and maintainer within normal parameters.
Science that studies the diseases of the human body and ways to cure and prevent.
Medicine and its specialties
URBINA DIAZ NICTE SAYIL
UROLOGY
Medical and surgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the urinary tract, retroperitoneum and adrenal glands of both sexes and the male reproductive system, regardless of age.
OTOLARYNGOLOGY
Medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment, both medical and surgical diseases:
The ear.
The air-upper airway: nose, sinuses, pharynx and larynx.
The nearby structures of the face and neck.
RHEUMATOLOGY
Medical specialty, branch of internal medicine and pediatrics, devoted to (not surgical) musculoskeletal and connective tissue, which includes a large number of clinical entities known collectively as rheumatic diseases clinical disorders, in addition to a large group of diseases of systemic involvement.
TRAUMATOLOGY
Medical specialty devoted to the study of musculoskeletal injuries.
PEDIATRICS
Medical specialty that studies children and their diseases.
pediatrics covers from birth to adolescence.
OPHTHALMOLOGY
Medical specialty that studies the diseases and surgery of the eye; specifically the eyeball, the muscles, the lacrimal system, eyelids and treatments.
NEPHROLOGY
Medical specialty branch of internal medicine that deals with the study of the structure and renal function in both health and disease, including prevention and treatment of kidney diseases.
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
Medical specialty responsible for disease prevention based on a set of actions and medical advice.
FORENSICS OR LEGAL
Determines the cause of the injuries suffered by an injured or, especially, the cause of death by examination of a corpse.
INTERNAL MEDICINE
Medical specialty devoted to comprehensive care of adult patients admitted to hospital.
HEMATOLOGY
Medical specialty dedicated to the treatment of patients with hematological diseases, for it deals with the study and research of the blood and blood forming organs (bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, etc.) in both healthy and sick.
GERIATRICS
Medical specialty devoted to the study of the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of diseases in the elderly.
ENDOCRINOLOGY
Medical specialty that studies the functioning and the various diseases of the endocrine system, the glands and its specific secretions called hormones.
GASTROENTEROLOGY
Medical specialty that deals with all diseases of the digestive system.
MEDICAL SPECIALTY
drug and medicine
latex
food
respiratory
insects
various fields
Are courses taken by a graduate degree in medicine or in the period of postgraduate studies, which provide it with a set of medical expertise related to a specific area of the human body.
TIMES
Intraoperative
Preoperative
postoperative
Esophagus
Stomach
Liver and Biliary Tract
Pancreas
Small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum)
Colon (large intestine)
Rectum
Giantism
Overproduction of the hormone somatotropin.
Cushing syndrome or hypercortisolism
Disease caused by increased hormone cortisol.
Some Endocrinopathies
Prevention Types
FIRST
Health promotion.
Specific health protection.
Chemoprophylaxis (Drug administration).
SECOND
Early diagnosis or screening.
THIRD
Restoring health once the disease has appeared. It consists of applying a treatment to treat the symptoms of the disease.
NEUROLOGY
Medical specialty that deals with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically addresses the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of all diseases involving the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.
GENERAL SURGERY
Class medical specialty surgical operations covering the digestive system, endocrine system, etc.
CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Medical specialty surgical type, using hand and instrument, intended to solve or improve those cardiac diseases that are not treatable with drugs or with minor procedures such as catheterizations, stents
ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
Includes the diagnosis, surgical and related treatment of a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and aesthetic aspects of the mouth, teeth, face, head and neck.
PLASTIC SURGERY
Medical specialty whose function is to bring the functional and anatomical normalit, seeks to reconstruct surgically correcting deformities and functional deficiencies by transforming the human body.
THORACIC SURGERY
Medical specialty devoted to the study and surgical treatment of diseases affecting the chest.
NEUROSURGERY
Medical specialty that deals with the surgical treatment of certain diseases of the central nervous system, peripheral, and autonomic, including its vascular structures, evaluation and treatment of pathological processes which modify function or activity of the nervous system, including the pituitary gland and surgical treatment pain.
ANGIOLOGY
Medical specialty that deals with the study of the vessels of the circulatory system and lymphatic system; including anatomy of blood vessels (such as arteries, veins, capillaries) and the nodes, in addition to their disease.
DERMATOLOGY
Responsible medical specialty of the study of the structure and function of the skin as well as diseases that affect you, offering prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
OBSTETRICS
Medical specialty handles pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
GYNECOLOGY
Medical and surgical specialty that treats diseases of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina and ovaries).
CLINICAL ANALYSIS
Further clinical laboratory examination requested by a doctor to confirm or rule out a diagnosis.
MICROBIOLOGY AND PARASITOLOGY
Medical specialty devoted to the study and treatment of infectious diseases affecting humans, and by extension to other living things. In 14 countries.
MEDICAL GENETICS
Includes different individual areas such as clinical genetics, biochemical genetics, molecular genetics, cytogenetics, the genetics of common diseases and genetic counseling or advice.
IMMUNOLOGY
Is the study of the immune system, defined as the set of organs, tissues and cells, in vertebrates, whose function is to recognize foreign elements or giving a response (immune response).
NUCLEAR MEDICINE
Medical specialty actual.1 In nuclear medicine imaging agents or radiopharmaceuticals, which are formed by a drug carrier and a radioactive isotope used. These radiopharmaceuticals are applied within the human body in various ways (most used is the intravenously).
RADIOLOGY
Medical and dental specialty that deals with pictures of the inside of the body by various physical agents (X-rays, ultrasound, magnetic fields, etc.) and use these images for diagnosis and to a lesser extent, for the prognosis and treatment of diseases.
CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY
Clinical laboratory sciences devoted to the in vitro and in vivo study of biochemical properties, with the purpose of providing information for the prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease.
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