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Copy of Elements of Literature Book 1

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Tommy McBride

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Elements of Literature Book 1

Introductory Course Elements of Literature Just Once Conflict- the struggle that pulls us into the
story and won't let us go until we find out
who or what wins. About the Book This book will teach you about many
genres of literature, styles of writing, and
even daily life lessons. It will teach you how
to make a book come alive and give you tips
on how to read fluently. From poetry to
science fiction, this book will practically teach
you everything about literature. Thomas J. Dygard The Moose's conflict in Just Once is his longing to hear the football crowd cheer his name as a running back. Reading strategy- Retelling You can use Retelling to find the conflict of a story and the important events in a plot by stopping at important moments of the story and retelling what just happened. This helps to keep your ideas straight and clear. It also helps to jot them down. Summary Just Once is about Bryan, or as his teammates called him, "The Moose", a burly highschooler who was the star left-tackle on the Bedford City Bears. Although he was an amazing left tackle, he had a hang-up. He wanted to carry the ball. After playing an amazing sixth game and Coach Williams congratulating him, he asked coach something very strange: "I want to carry the ball." Coach was stunned for a moment then he gave a tolerant smile. "You keep right on blocking, son."
Throughout the next week, he kept reminding Coach Williams that he wanted to carry the ball. As days went by, people started hearing about Moose wanting to carry the ball.
The next game they had, they led by 28 points. The crowd started chanting, "Give Moose the ball!" Coach substituted Moose in and finally gave up. He let Moose run the ball. The quarterback snapped the ball and handed the ball to Moose. Moose cradled the ball in his arms and dodged players one by one and two by two. He lowered his right shoulder and ran. He felt someone drag on his leg. Then he felt people pounding on his shoulder and arm. They finally stopped and he stood up watching the crowd cheering. He had scored. He walked back to the bench and all he said was, "Never again." The Stone by Lloyd Alexander Moral Lesson- a lesson about the right and wrong ways to behave. The moral lesson of this story is be careful what you wish for and to not
be selfish. Reading Strategy- Making Predictions When you make predictions, you make educated guesses about what you think might happen later in the story. Some things that you use for making predictions are:
Look for clues that suggest what might happen next.
Think about what usually happens in stories.
Use what you already know about the characters to predict what they'll do. Summary The Stone is about a old cottager named Maibon. Maibon realized soon that he would become weak and frail. One day out in the field he saw a grumpy dwarf stuck under fallen tree. He knew that if he helped him, the dwarf would grant him one wish. After helping the dwarf, he asked for a stone the would make him young forever. Although the dwarf warned him not to, he insisted. When he got home his wife complained and complained about what a selfish fool he was. He felt that he was tricked by the dwarf and threw the stone into the fire. The next day he noticed that his hair didn't grow at all. The dwarf didn't trick him! But as time went on, other things didn't grow either. The crops didn't grow, the baby's teeth didn't grow, and the animals didn't have their babies. Every time he tried to get rid of the stone, it just came back. It was cursed! When he tried once more, he spotted the dwarf on a tree stump. When Maibon complained, the dwarf explained how he must desirably give the stone up. He threw the stone as far as he could and ran away as fast as he could. The cursed stone was finally gone The Bridegroom by Alexander Pushkin Climax- the most exciting and suspenseful part of the plot. The climax of this story is when the man is sharpening the knife ready to kill the girl. Reading Strategy- Cause and Effect The cause in a story is what makes something happen. The cause is usually in the form of a decision, event, or situation. The effect of a story is the result of that cause. The cause in this book is Natasha has been gone for three days, and the effect of that cause is her parents are distraught when she comes back. Summary The Bridegroom starts when Natasha, the merchants daughter, was missing for three days. When she came home, her parents asked her question after question, but she didn't say one word. they still were very worried and angry, begging her to speak, but she didn't. When they gave up, Natasha was happy again. Once, Natasha and her sisters were sitting near the shingle gate. Natasha gazed at a handsome man passing by on a troika. She ran home as fast as she could screaming, "It was he! It was he! Mama, Papa save me!" Her parents were full of grief and they told her to tell everything, but she fell silent. Next morning, a matchmaker joyfully calls and says she has a handsome young man to marry Natasha. She describes how rich and generous he is and how how he saw Natasha on his troika passing by. Her dad calls it a deal while poor Natasha doesn't know what to do. She is shuddering and laughing, so the matchmaker splashes some water at her face. Her parents start to cook all the rich food for the wedding. At the feast, everyone clinks glasses and drinks. The bridegroom notices the girl is sad so he orders more wine and food. "That is not why I am sad." she says. "Let me tell you a dream I had," she starts. I was in a forest, it was nighttime. I saw a hut. I approached the hut and knocked. No one was home. All that was in there was silver and gold." The bridegroom says that it promises wealth. "I am not finished." she says. "I heard people driven up the porch. I enter the house and hide behind the stove. Twelve men and one beautiful girl enter the hut. They take no notice of the ikons. They feast without prayer, and everyone has a good time." The bridegroom says that betokens merriment. "I am not finished." she says. "But the one girl is sad. She sits and doesn't eat or drink. The eldest brother cheerfully sharpens his knife, seizes her by the hair and kills her. He cuts off her right hand and takes the ring." With a clatter of a ring the groom falls onto the floor. "Seize him!" the law commands. Natasha was famous. Mary Whitebird Character- a person or animal in a story that has qualities Mary Deer Leg is the main character in this story Conflict- the problem(s) in the story that gets in the way of the character reaching his or her goal The conflict between Mary and herself is she knows she is going to have to tell her grandfather how she survived External Conflict- a struggle between a character and an outside force such as the wilderness Mary's external conflict is she isn't comfortable staying in the woods because it is cold during night and it hurts her feet
` Internal Conflict- a struggle between the character's mind or heart Mary's internal conflict is she is scared to survive in the woods for five days Reading Skill- Compare and Contrast When you look at the questions within the story to help you understand the book more clearly, some will tell you to compare and contrast. Comparing is looking for things that are alike, such as Mary's and Roger's approach towards Ta-Na-E-Ka. Contrasting is looking for things that are different, such as the ways that Mary and Roger survive during Ta-Na-E-Ka. Summary This book is about a girl named Mary who finds a loop-hole to surviving in a traditional challenge called Ta-Na-E-Ka. In Ta-Na-E-Ka, you must survive in the woods for five days only in a bathing suit to prove yourself a warrior or sprouting into womanhood. Mary and her cousin Roger are terrified to go through Ta-Na-E-Ka, but luckily Mary has a plan. She asks her teacher for five dollars in order to get "supplies" for Ta-Na-E-Ka. In a way she told the truth. She was actually going to use the money to buy food at a restaurant in the marina, which was just down the river. After Mary and Roger kissed their parents good-bye, they headed into the woods. Mary walked down the river until she reached the restaurant. She walked into the restaurant, into the bathroom, and opened the window. That night when it closed, she climbed through the window, turned the air conditioning up, and fell asleep. A big man was staring at her when she awoke and she realized she overslept. She explained everything to the man and it seemed to him that it was pointless. He didn't care if she stayed as long as she helped. Mary wiped the tables and ate there of course. There was only one problem: How was she going to explain this to Grampa, the one who set up Ta-Na-E-Ka in the first place? When she got home and everyone asked how she survived, she told the truth. The whole family was shocked especially my beaten-up cousin and Grampa. Grampa only said one thing:

"Somehow, you know how to exist in a world that wasn't made for Indians. I don't think you're going to have any trouble surviving." Blanca Flor Characterization- making characters come alive by giving them interesting characteristics.
Tell directly what the character is like (good, evil)
Let the character talk
Describe character's appearance
Show character in action
Tell what character thinks
Show how others respond to character.

In the book, the author tells us directly that Don Ricardo is evil. by Angel Vigil Reading Skill- Making Inferences about Characters It helps to fill out the chart below to make an inference about the character later in the book. Reading Skill- Summarizing Summarizing is when you tell the main events of the story in your own words. This helps you to keep the main events in order and in detail. It also helps distinguish the events that advance the plot. I will summarize this story after the picture. The All-American Slurp Lensey Namioka Subject- what the story is about. Theme- what the story means or its moral lesson. The subject of this story is about a Chinese family moved to America and is having some difficulties learning their ways of living. The theme of this story is that everyone is different in their own way. The Emperor's New Clothes Hans Christian Anderson theme- the story's message and what it reveals about life. plot- the sequence of events in the story. The theme of this story is stand up for your thoughts. The plot of this story will be explained in my summary. Reading Skill- Making Generalizations A generalization is a broad, general conclusion drawn from several examples or pieces of evidence. A statement of the story's theme can be a generalization. From evidence of the story, you can make a universal statement about life. Some things you need to do to make a statement:
Think about main events and conflicts
Decide what characters have learned
State idea in general way Baucis and Philimon Retold by Olivia Coolidge Universal Theme- a theme that has many similarities between stories at different time periods and places. In this Greek Myth, you can find many similarities between this story from a long time ago to present-day. Reading Skill- Metamorphosis Metamorphosis is a total change in shape or form. Just as a caterpillar goes through metamorphosis, Baucis and Philimon begins with a metamorphosis in which the gods, Zeus and Hermes change into humans. The Gold
Cadillac Mildred D. Taylor Reading Skill- Making and Adjusting Predictions When we read, we make predictions by combining information in the text to create a new idea. And when we get even more information, we often adjust those predictions. Novella- a fictional story that is shorter than a novel but longer than a short story. Although The Gold Cadillac was first published as a short book, later it became a novella. Medusa's Head retold by Olivia Coolidge Myth- an ancient Greek story that usually involves monsters and heroes. In this myth, the hero is Perseus and the main monster is Medusa, one of the Gorgon sisters. Reading Skill- Dialogue with the Text As you read the story, jot down responses to the dialogue the characters say. Also ask question about unfamiliar words and and predict what will happen next. I hope you enjoyed all the stories, the book, and my prezi. I hoped you learned something today, remember:

DON'T BE AFRAID TO LEARN SOMETHING NEW! Summary This book starts when Juanito, a young man, is searching for his fortune in the world. He meets a Duende, a magical creature in the forest, that tells him there is a job down the nearby path, but it is very dangerous. He decides to find out for himself. When the path ended, he walked into a clearing where he found a women working beside big house. Her name was Blanca Flor, meaning "White Flower". She warned him to leave right way before the owner came back. But soon enough the owner did come back and gave Juanito a choice. He could either leave or do the impossible work of Don Ricardo, the evil owner of Blanca Flor and the big house. In order to save himself and Blanca Flor, he accepted. The first task was to move a lake into the field using only a thimble by the end of the day. He tried as hard as he could but it was impossible. He sat down and started to cry. Blanca Flor felt bad for Juanito and used her magical powers to move the lake into the field. Don Ricardo's next impossible task was to grow an entire field of wheat, harvest it, grind it, bake it, and have it ready for him to eat that night. Blanca Flor did the same out of love for Juanito. That night they packed their bags and were ready to escape. Before they left, Blanca Flor spit into the fire in her room. When Don Ricardo asked twice if they were still there, the spit answered, "Yes, I am here." But on the third time the spit had already evaporated. He got onto his horse and started the chase. Three times during the chase when Don Ricardo became close, Blanca Flor used her magical powers to disguise themselves into something else such as the statues in the abandoned church, crows in the field of corn, and ducks in the lake. When they flew away disguised as ducks, he knew it was them and shouted one last curse before they were out of his reach. The curse was if Juanito embraced anyon he loved, he would forget her forever. When he hugged his parents when he came back home, he forgot all about Blanca Flor. A few months later, the broken-hearted Blanca Flor finally found a solution. She brought two doves to Juanito as a present. The birds sang a beautiful song that made Juanito remember Blanca Flor again. And they both lived happily after. Summary In this book, Hermes and Zues decide to change into human form and go to many houses asking for food and shelter, but many deny. Next they stop at the house of Baucis and Philemon. The poor old couple were prompt to let strangers in to flatter them. They let the visitors sit in their finest furniture, which was only a chair with straw stuffing.They fed them with all the food they could find, olives, cherries, fresh onions, eggs, and even cream cheese. They finally proved there selves gods by magically refilling a bowl of wine after they drank it all. Because of Baucis and Philemon's generosity, they granted them two wishes. Their wise first wish was to make their small house a great temple where everyone could worship the gods. Their second wish was to die together so they could say farewell. Both these wishes were granted. And when they did die, they were made trees that had intertwined branches by the gods. Summary This book is about an Emperor who spent all his money and wealth on clothes. One day, two swindlers came and told the emperor they were highly skilled weavers. They said they said they could weave the most comfortable, beautiful robes. And only the most wise of people could see the cloth. So both because it was such beautiful cloth and to prove he was wise, he payed the two swindlers ahead of time to weave it. But as they were weaving it, the Emperor was nervous that he wouldn't see him proving him stupid. So he sent one of his wisest old ministers to check on it. But there was one problem, they weren't really making the robe, the were just pretending. Every time the Emperor sent one of his wise servants, they lied and said it had such beautiful colors so they wouldn't get replaced. Once the robe was complete, the swindlers insisted he wore it in the ceremony. So when he marched only in his trousers outside in front of the kingdom, they all complimented the Emperor's clothes and their gracious colors. One little child spoke up and said, "But he has nothing on at all." Eventually the entire kingdom thought this as well. Although the procession continued, only in his trousers. Summary All American Slurp is about a Chinese family who moves to America and has a difficult time adapting to their ways. An example of this is when they go to a fancy American restaurant and order soup. Rather than eating it with a spoon, they slurp it right out of the bowl. Another example is when they are invited to have dinner with their neighbors. Luckily, the main character (unnamed) is best friends with the neighbor's daughter, Meg. When they try to eat American food, they look very foolish. After a while of adapting to American way, they decide to invite the Gleasons, their neighbors, to dinner. They realize that the Gleasons have just as much trouble as they do eating American food. They learn that everyone is different in their own ways. Summary Medusa's Head is about a demigod named Perseus who is set on a mission to kill his grandfather for what he did to his mother, Danae. His grandfather, King Acrisios of Argos, locked her and Perseus up in a big chest and threw them into the ocean. They landed on an island where a fisherman saved them and gave them food and shelter. The king, Polydectes heard about this beautiful women and wanted to marry her, but she said all her love was dedicated to her son. So he sent Perseus on a really dangerous quest to get Medusa's head. He knew that Perseus would never survive and then he could marry the beautiful Danae. With help of the tools that the nymphs gave him he was able to cut off Medusa's head and bring it to Polydectes. But when he showed the head to the disbelieving Polydectes, he turned to stone. Some time later, he was happily married. At the Olympics, it was his turn to do the discus throw. He threw it right at King Acrisios who was in the crowd and died from the shock of pain.
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