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Clean and Clear and Under Control
Transcript of Clean and Clear and Under Control
and Under Control Our Skin Epidermis -composed of the outermost layers of cells in the skin.
-forms a protective barrier over the body's surface, responsible for keeping water in the body Dermis -the layer of skin beneath the epidermis that has connective tissues and cushions the body from stress and strain.
-it provides strength and elasticity to the skin
-tightly connected to the epidermis
-contains nerve endings, blood vessels, oil glands, and sweat glands.
-contains collagen and elastin which are tough and stretchy. Subcutaneous Fat -The third and bottom layer of the skin is called the subcutaneous
-It is made mostly of fat and helps your body stay warm and absorb shocks, like if you bang into something or fall down. The subcutaneous layer also helps hold your skin to all the tissues underneath it
-This layer is where you'll find the start of hair, too. Each hair on your body grows out of a tiny tube in the skin called a follicle has 3 layers:
Subcutaneous Fat Types of Skin
If your skin belongs to Normal Type, the tissues would not reveal any traces of oil. The skin should feel vibrant, elastic and supple. Normal Skin is the least problematic type. It looks clean and smooth and has a good circulation and health complexion. Even with minimal care, it still looks good. Normal Skin Dry Skin If your skin is dry, it will obviously not be oily but your face skin will feel flaky, dry and tight after you have wiped it. Dry Skin can easily develop a sallow tone, wrinkles and fine pores, leads to aging skin and irritation. To keep it healthy you should apply thorough care and use regular skin or beauty treatment with natural masks and moisturizers. Oily Skin If you have Oily Skin then you will have spots of facial oil, corresponding to the areas of your nose, cheeks and forehead. Oily Skin is problematic- usually looks greasy, thick, coarse and shiny, has enlarged pores and tends to break into acne. A good thing though is that oily skin is not prone to aging and wrinkly skin. If your skin is combination, like most women, the tissues will have oil traces from your nose and forehead, but will be clean in the areas that touched your cheeks. Combination Skin has patches of both dry and oily skin and requires different types of care in relation to particular facial areas. Dry zones, which are usually located on the cheeks and around the eyes, should be treated with rich creams and moisturizers, while oily areas, usually on the forehead and nose, will benefit from frequent and thorough cleaning. Combination Skin Sensitive Skin is usually very dry, tends to feel tight, and becomes inflamed and irritated easily. Typical sensitive skin develops reddish and scaly areas, can be itchy and tingly, and breaks into spots easily. It is the most problematic and fragile type of skin, which needs a very special type of care. To get the right products for this type of skin requires great deal of research. Sensitive Skin Eczema (say: ek-zeh-ma) Eczema can also be called atopic dermatitis (someone who is likely develop an allergy to something. Dermatitis means the skin is inflamed, or red and sore. Acne Acne is a skin condition that shows up as different types of bumps. They include whiteheads, blackheads, red bumps (pimples), and bumps that are filled with pus (pustules). Our skin is covered with tiny holes called hair follicles, or pores. Pores have sebaceous glands (also called oil glands) that make sebum, an oil that moistens your hair and skin. If a pore gets clogged up, closes, and bulges out from the skin, that's a whitehead. If a pore clogs up but stays open, the top surface can get dark and you're left with a blackhead. Sunburn - The sun sends down light which include invisible ultraviolet rays (also called UV rays) Acne... Sometimes the walls of the pore are broken, allowing sebum, bacteria, and dead skin cells to get under the skin. This causes a small, red infection called a pimple. Teens and kids get acne because of hormones that come with puberty. As you grow up these pimples could multiply and become acne. Stress can create acne allowing your pores to make more sebum. -When your skin's been exposed to too many of these rays, you get what's known as a sunburn. - Some ultraviolet rays pass through air and clouds and penetrate the skin. Sunburn Some people get a sunburn faster than others because of their colouring. If you have blond or red hair, light-coloured skin, and light-coloured eyes, you'll tend to get a sunburn more quickly than someone with dark eyes and skin. That's because you have less melanin (say: meh-luh-nun). Melanin is a chemical in the skin that protects it from sun damage by reflecting and absorbing UV rays. People with darker skin have more melanin, but even if you have dark hair, dark eyes, or darker-toned skin, you can still get a sunburn. It will just take a little bit longer Skin Care Routines Morning Routines Always wash your face right after you wake up in the morning. This allows all the dirt on your skin to wash off, open your pores and refresh your face. Use your desired cleanser and after you wash your face use a moisturizer that fits your skin type.
Dry skin: Use Vaseline on dry areas
Oily skin: Use oil blots
During the day, keep your hands away from your face. That way, no dirt can transfer from your hands to your face! For oily skin, make sure your hair isn’t always touching your face Evening Routines After your long day at school, make sure to always wash your face before you go to bed. For those out there who wear makeup, this applies to you! Never leave on your makeup when you go to sleep. Use a gentle cleanser everyday and exfoliate once a week to get rid of the access dirt and oil on your skin. After that, use your desired oil-free moisturizer or product prescribed from your dermatologist. Wash your face only once or twice a day. Natural Skin Treatments
•Boil water with sea salt – steam to touch face
•Sugar Helpful Tips Dermatologists Dermatologists are skin specialists. They deal with acne, eczema, skin diseases etc. If you’d like to contact a dermatologist, visit your family doctor and receive a recommendation. If you're worried about acne, here are some ways to keep pimples away:
To help prevent the oil buildup that can lead to acne, wash your face once or twice a day with warm water and a mild soap or cleanser.
Don't scrub your face. Scrubbing can actually make acne worse by irritating the skin. Wash gently, using your hands instead of a washcloth.
If you wear makeup, moisturizer, or sunscreen, make sure they are "oil-free," "noncomedogenic," or "nonacnegenic."
When you wash your face, take the time to remove all of your makeup.
If you use hair sprays or gels, try to keep them away from your face because they can clog pores.
If you have long hair, keep it away from your face and wash it regularly to reduce oil.
Baseball caps and other hats can cause pimples along the hairline. Avoid them if you think they are worsening your acne.
Wash your face after you've been exercising and sweating a lot.
Try not to touch your face.
Don't pick, squeeze, or pop pimples. Many lotions and creams are sold at drugstores to help prevent acne and clear it up. You can try different ones to see which helps. Products with benzoyl peroxide (say: ben-zoil peh-rok-side) or salicylic (say: sal-uh-sil-ick) acid in them are usually pretty helpful for treating acne. Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria that can lead to acne and it also can reduce swelling (puffiness) of pimples. Salicylic acid is another acne-fighting ingredient. It causes skin to dry out and peel, which can help get rid of pimples, too.
When you use a product for acne, be sure to follow the directions exactly. Don't use more than you're supposed to because it can make your skin very red and very dry. It's also good to try just a little bit at first to be sure that you're not allergic to the product. Don't give up if you don't see results the next day. Acne medicine can take weeks or months to work. -Even if you get acne, you don't want to make it worse. That's why it's important to keep your hands off your pimples. Try not to touch, squeeze, or pick at a pimple. When you play around with pimples, you can cause even more inflammation by poking at them or opening them up. Plus, the oil from your hands can't help! The worst part, though, is that picking at pimples may lead to scars on your face. -Kids who have serious acne can get help from their doctor or a dermatologist (a doctor who treats skin problems). Doctors can prescribe stronger medicine than you can buy at the store. Acne prescriptions can include stronger creams that prevent pimples from forming or antibiotics that decrease swelling (puffiness) and kill bacteria that cause pimples.
If you have acne, now you know some ways to improve your skin. And remember that you're not alone. Look around at your friends and you'll see that most kids and teens are in it together The Key to Beautiful & Healthy Skin... - Is to EAT HEALTHY!
Your skin reflects on what you eat! Stay
away from junk ESPECIALLY OILY FOODS! -Drink lots and lots of WATER!!
It will hydrate your skin! CONFIDENCE!!!!
There is a point in a teenager's life
where they're drowning in pimples or suffering
from damaged skin, but there ARE treatments
and we end up growing out of acne!
Don't let these imperfections make you
insecure about yourself!
Confidence is key! BE By: Melissa Oro, Alyssa Andallo and Mary Esayas