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Oedipus The King

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Teresa Tran

on 20 October 2013

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Transcript of Oedipus The King

Oedipus The King
By Sophocles

Oedipus
Name means "swollen foot"
Protagonist
Killed Laius on the way to Thebes
Saved the city of Thebes by solving the Sphinx's riddle
Became the king of Thebes
Married Jocasta
Creon
Oedipus' brother-in-law
Tells Oedipus that he is not trying to overthrow him
Is eager to take Oedipus' place after Oedipus blinds himself and asks Creon to banish him from Thebes
Tiresias
Tells Oedipus that the man he is looking for is Oedipus himself. Oedipus refuses to believe him.
Jocasta
Oedipus' mom and wife
Creon's sister
Tries to convince Oedipus to stop looking for the murderer
Hangs herself after she figures who Oedipus really is
King Laius
Oedipus' dad
Is killed by Oedipus at a crossroad on his way to Thebes
Polybus and Merope
The people who Oedipus believes are his "parents"
Polybus dies a natural death
The Messenger
Delivers the news of Polybus' death
Tells Oedipus that Polybus and Merope aren't his real parents
Tells Oedipus and Jocasta how he found an abandoned baby on Mount Cithaeron a long time ago
The Shepherd
Oedipus was given to him by Jocasta in order to prevent the prophecy from coming true
The shepherd gives it to the messenger from Corinth instead
Thebes
A sphinx randomly shows up out of nowhere and is killing anyone who can't solve her riddle
All of the crops are dying and the animals are struck with some sort of disease
Conflict
Oedipus refuses to believe that he is responsible for Laius' death
The Messenger's Message And Revelation
Oedipus and Jocasta are relieved when they hear about Polybus' death. Oedipus is still scared that the part about him sleeping with his mom could still come true. The messenger tells Oedipus that Polybus and Merope aren't his real parents and tells him about the baby he found on Mount Cithaeron.He took the baby to Corinth where the baby was raised.
The Great Tiresias
Oedipus sends for Tiresias so he can find out who murdered Laius. When Tiresias arrives, Tiresias refuses to tell Oedipus who the murderer was since he knows it was Oedipus. Oedipus and Tiresias get into a big argument. When Tiresias finally decides to tell Oedipus the truth, Oedipus gets even madder. Before Tiresias leaves, he gives Oedipus a riddle. Oedipus will be the father and brother to his children and the son of his wife.
The Shepherd's Revelation
Oedipus sends for the shepherd. When the shepherd arrives, Oedipus asks him where he got the baby from. The shepherd refuses to tell him so he threatens to torture him. The shepherd finally gives in and tells him that he got the baby from Laius' house. He confirmed that Jocasta gave him the baby and told him to kill it. The shepherd felt bad for the baby so he gave it to another shepherd instead.
Resolution
Oedipus finally realizes who he is. Jocasta did too. She runs into the palace and hangs herself. When Oedipus finds her dead, he blinds himself with one of the brooches on her dress. Oedipus is so ashamed of himself and asks Creon to banish him from Thebes. Oedipus asks Creon to take care of his daughters and asks to see them one last time.
Sophocles
Born in Colonus near Athens in 496 BC
Took part in many competitions and won over Aeschylus and Euripides who were popular playwrights
When he was 16, he was chosen to lead the paean which was a chant for the gods after the Greeks defeated the Persians at Salamis
Had two wives. His first wife's name was Nicostrata and his second wife's name was Theoris.
Died in 406 BC
Works Cited
www.famousauthors.org/sophocles
www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Sophocles
Full transcript