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charlemagne unites german kingdoms

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by

Noa Halevi

on 24 May 2013

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Transcript of charlemagne unites german kingdoms

Chapter 13 section 1- Charlemagne unites germanic kingdoms By Noa HaLevi and John Pavlides Germanic kingdoms emerge Germans adopt Christianity Monestaries, Convents, and Manuscripts Benedict and Scholastica Gregory the 1st Clovis continued Clovis Government changes Backround Declines Invasions of Western Europe After the fall of the Roman Empire a new age began in European history. The middle ages, or the medieval ages lasted from 500-1500 Ad During the medieval period many skills were acquired while the Roman empire disappeared.
Learning- to read and write
Common language
Cities shrank
Trade sank In modern day France and Switzerland a germanic tribe called the franks ruled the roman province of Gaul.

The leader of the franks was named Clovis.

He brought Christianity to the surrounding area

Legend says his wife, Clothilde, urged him to convert to Christianity During a significant battle between a neighboring tribe clovis's army was near defeat.
After praying to all of his germanic gods and finding no aid he finally asked the christian god to help him
His army suddenly began to win
After the battle 3,000 warrior and Clovis was baptized by a bishop By 600 the Roman church had, along with Frankish rulers, Converted a significant amount of the common people to Christianity
Missionaries also helped
Fear of Muslim leaders also helped convert common people
Monasteries-countryside religious schools where monks devoted there lives to god
Convents- monasteries for nuns Became pope in 590
Expanded power and authority of pope
Influenced political structure and its concerns
Created the idea of a churchly kingdom (kingdom ruled by pope)
Negotiated peace treaties with invading tribes Siblings who devoted there lives to god
Inspired other monks to educate others
Caused the movement of sending kids to monastaries and convents to receive education
Monastaries were known to be places of intellectual and artistic greatness Carolingian dynasty Charles Martel Known as "Major Domo" or Mayor of the palace
He acted just like a king and spread Franks reign to north, south, and east
Defeated muslims raiders at Battle of tours
Huge win for Empire
Was made a Christian hero
Son was Pepin the Short
He wanted to be king and after defeating the Lombards the pope made him king of the empire
Started the Carolingian dynasty
Died in 786 ad Charlemagne Also referred to as charles the great
incredibly tall ( 6'4)
Built a huge empire like that of Rome
Each summer battled surrounding armies
As he conquered he spread Christianity
Reunited Western Europe
Defended pope Leo the 3rd when he was attacked by mob
Because of this pope Leo crowned him emperor
Limited authority of nobles
Appointed counts
Encouraged learning of many languages- opened palace school
His progeny were ineffective rulers who fought amongst themselves
after signing treaty of Verdun they divided empire in to 3 kingdoms:
Charlinginian kings lost power
Fuedalism began to rise Charlamagne's heirs From 400-600 ad roman provinces became small germanic kingdoms. There were no definite boundaries because of constant warfare among these kingdoms.

The Church survived because during this time of crisis because it offered sanctuary
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