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Government & Economic Systems (Animal Farm)

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lahhiim phillip

on 14 January 2016

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Transcript of Government & Economic Systems (Animal Farm)

Government &
Economic Systems

There are many types of government systems in the world. These government systems very in the type of control they have over their citizens and the amount of voice and freedom the citizens have.
Animal Farm
can be considered an attack on the injustices of Communism, Socialism, and Totalitarianism; however, there are differences between the ways each of these government and economic systems are run. Here are some terms you should be familiar with when reading and discussing
Animal Farm
.
Capitalism
an economic system in which private citizens own land, property, and business; characterized by a free, competitive market motivated by profit.
The United States, Canada, and Great Britain are capitalist societies
Communism
a type of government in which a single party holds power and the government controls the economy; classes are abolished and property is commonly controlled by the "whole"
current communist countries are China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea, and Vietnam.
Czarist government
(also Tsarism or Tsarist Autocracy)
a system of government in which a Czar has absolute power and authority, including over religious issues
Russia was under Czardom until 1721
Democracy
a type of government ruled by the people by means of elected officials
Republic
a form of government in which the head of state is not a monarch, and the citizens elect representatives; most often, a republic is a sovereign country (or an independent nation)
Socialism
an economic system against private party ownership, in which production and distribution are controlled by a majority and citizens are paid by the work done rather than by need.
Totalitarianism
a government system in which a single party rules without opposition over political, economic, social, and cultural life; this type of government sees no limit to its rule and strives to control all aspects of its citizens, including personal and private means through restriction, mass surveillance, and terrorism.
Totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union had initial origins in the chaos that followed in the wake of World War I and allowed totalitarian movements to seize control of the government
Think Hitler in Nazi Germany and Stalin in the Soviet Union.
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