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FCE: Gerunds and Infinitives

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by

Shaun Douglas

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of FCE: Gerunds and Infinitives

FCE: Gerunds and Infinitives
Look at the following sentences...
1) Shaun
enjoys

teaching
FCE.

2) Shaun
promises
to help
you pass FCE.

3) Shaun
likes

teaching
FCE.

4) Shaun
likes
to teach
FCE.

What do you notice about the verbs?

Look at your lists of verbs. Decide if they are followed by the
gerund
or
infinitive
.
Verb + Infinitive
Verbs followed by Gerund
or
Infinitive (3 instances)
Let's recap...
1) Some verbs are always followed by the 'gerund',
e.g.
enjoy, quit, finish.
2) Some verbs are always followed by the 'infinitive',
e.g.
advise, promise, want.
3) Some verbs can be followed by either,
e.g.
like, love, start.
Today we will look at examples of all of these.
Verb + Gerund
The following verbs are always followed by the
gerund:
Task 1:
Do you know the meaning of all these words?
Use these verbs with gerunds to make 5 sentences about your childhood. Tell them to your partner.
These verbs are always followed by the
infinitive
:
Task 2:
Watch the video, then make 4 sentences about Carl and Ellie using some of these verbs followed by the infinitive:

agree, ask, plan, promise, decide, choose, want, offer, swear.
With no difference in meaning:
These verbs can be followed by the gerund or infinitive without any significant difference in meaning:

begin,
can't bear,
cease,
continue,
hate,
like,
love,
prefer
propose
start
With a difference in meaning:
In which instance would my mum be happier:
1) Shaun
forgot
to call
his mum.
2) Shaun
forgot

calling
his mum

With your partner, consider the difference in the following verbs, depending on whether they are followed by the gerund or infinitive:

Remember,
Stop,
Try,
Go on,
Regret.

Depending on an object:
These verbs are followed by the gerund unless they have an object:

advise,
allow,
forbid,
permit,
recommend,

E.g. The restaurant
forbids smoking
here.
The restaurant
forbids
you
to smoke
here.

Modal verbs
are always followed by the '
bare infinitive
' (
without 'to
'): e.g.
"He
will
play

football" [
NOT
'
he will to play football
'].
'Make'*
and
'let'
are followed by an
object
and then the
bare infinitive
: e.g.
"He
made
him

do
his homework" [
NOT
"
He made him to do his homework
"].
*Note: 'make' is followed by the infinitive in the
passive
:
"He
was made
to do
his homework".
Conclusion
- Give me examples of
verbs + gerunds

- Give me examples of
verbs + infinitives

- Which verbs are followed by the
infinitive without 'to'
?

- Which verbs are followed by gerund or infinitive with

no real difference

in meaning?

- Which verbs are followed by gerund or infinitive with a
difference in meaning
?

- Which verbs are followed by the
infinitive if there is an object,
and by the
gerund if there isn't
?
Thanks for listening.
Full transcript