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Knowledge-based urban development in eThekwini metropolitan municipality, South Africa
Transcript of Knowledge-based urban development in eThekwini metropolitan municipality, South Africa
(KBUD) “KBUD is a new form of development in the era of knowledge that aims to bring economic prosperity and environmental sustainability with a just socio-spatial order to cities” (Yigitcanlar, 2009) Knowledge - based
(KBUD) components of KBUD in eThekwini metropolitan municipality What is going on with cities
in the last years? source: tigweb.org "I'm efficient, I'm creative
I'm SMART! if you are too, come live here...!" source: wallpaperswide.com "I'm efficient" "I'm creative" source:vectorious.net application of the KBUD analysis in eThekwini ... Economic development
•International share in foreign direct investment
•National share in research and development
•Share in national patents
•Ratio of knowledge-intensive service employment Socio cultural development:
Social & human capital:
•Access to broadband ratio
culture & dependency:
•Cultural diversity at the workplace Enviro - urban development:
Personal safety ranking Institutional development:
Governance & planning:
triple-helix & public-private
international e-governance ranking
Leadership & community:
public participation in decision making Why was MILE been founded? What is special about Durban/eThekwini? Awarded highest rating in Africa for a municipality by the Global Credit Rating Company in 2004.
Has won its third United Nations “Water for Life” Best Practices Award
Approached by many cities in the South African and African context approach eThekwini to learn about its lessons and practices
Co-Chair of the United Cities and Local Government (UCLG) Committee of Urban Strategic Planning
In 2009, the Municipal Institute of Learning (MILE) was founded But how is eThekwini really
doing in terms of Knowledge-based Urban devlopment (KBUD)?? 10/32 indicators are unreachable/ unavailable
at the time of the analysis
- Cannot be compared to other cities (of the North - UK, USA, Canada) where the KBUD analysis has already been applied...
-look into what eThekwini is doing to plan for becoming a knowledge-based metropolis SO WHAT DO WE DO??? Identifies priority development challenges for the region: Integrated Development Planning (IDP) recently approved in may 2012 - for the next 5 years... (winner of the best IDP in KZN 90 votes/100) 8 point plan, strategic focus areas &
1. Develop and Sustain our Spatial, Natural and Built Environment.
2. Developing a Prosperous, Diverse Economy and Employment Creation
3. Creating a Quality Living Environment
4. Fostering a Socially Equitable Environment.
5. Creating a Platform for Growth, Empowerment and Skills Development
6: Embracing our cultural diversity, arts and heritage
7. Good Governance and Responsive Local Government.
8. Financially Accountable and Sustainable City. city strategies to overcome these challenges lets find out... Do this align with KBUD pillars & indicators? eThekwini has some internal issues to solve before it can become a KBUD prosperous region compared to others in the World. 16 key preconditions:
6.Access to basic services
7.Awareness & treatment of HIV & AIDS
8.Awareness & treatment of Tuberculosis
9.Maternal & child health
10.Food security & quality
11.Promote healthy recreation & sport
12.Addressing housing backlog
13.Implement INK Projects
14.Internal municipal skills & work environment enhancement
15.Health plan implemented in the Municipality
16.Enhance international partnerships(Africa & abroad) aligned to their corresponding KBUD pillar we need to find out ! What about the missing information?? how? final recommendations what makes a city smart & how can it be measured? knowledge - based urban development assessment framework
by Yigticanlar & peers focusing in Durban/ eThekwini
1.low economic growth
2.Ensuring financial sustainability
3.High levels of poverty
Knowledge economy performance:
-None listed according to KBUD indicators Socio Cultural development:
Social and human capitals
4.Low levels of skills development and literacy
Culture and dependency
5.High rates of unemployment Enviro - urban development
6.Loss of Natural Capital
7.Unsustainable developmental practices
8.Ensuring adequate energy and water supply
9.Climate change mitigation
Quality of place and life
11.High levels of crime and risk
12.Limited access to basic household and community services
13.Increased incidents of HIV/AIDS and communicable diseases
14.Ensuring food security Institutional Development
Governance & planning
15.Ineffectiveness and inefficiency of inward-looking local government still prevalent in the Municipality.
Leadership & community
-None listed according to KBUD indicators Economic development
2.Incentivize existing & new economic activity (tourism, arts, culture)
3.Acknowledge & address economic informality
4.Participatory budgeting & transparency Socio-Cultural
5.Culture awareness & dynamization 1.Define new subjects for collaborative research
2.Pursue research in the performance of EMM as a
knowledge-based economy and other KBUD pillars.
3.Incorporate the research results into the
formulation of learning activities and
4.With this diagnose, identify possible partners
(cities or networks to strengthen the areas
were the city’s performance was discovered
weak or could be improved. MILE Motivate city´s own improvement, having started to share knowledge outwards
Assess internal knowledge management and its spill over in the urban landscape.
Awareness of the successes and challenges of MILE and
Use these study to pursue learning and research definition through MILE
Acknowledge importance of fulfilling key preconditions in the quest of becoming a knowledge hub in the African context.
Define proper channels of dissemination and communication with civil society and community groups to incorporate their feedback and initiatives in the definition of upcoming activities and plans. for city management & leadership for associated networks & partners Profit from the experience of eThekwini with the founding of MILE and the development initiatives and strategies highlighted in this study to gather lessons learnt and engage in the activities that they offer in terms of knowledge sharing and management to support their cities in optimizing their performance. for other southern cities = KBUD framework + 16 preconditions KBUD integrated framework + support other cities that want to assess their performance in terms of knowledge-based strategies with the integrated framework or methodology applied for this research friedtechnology.com in terms of population... What about the cities of the South? What has MILE achieved?
Facilitated the establishment of the first Research Committee in the city. First Research Symposium was held in September of 2012 (academics, technical staff, politicians, students). Introduction: major changes in cities in the
KBUD framework as a methodology of evaluating
the performance of cities
Case study: eThekwini metropolitan
Limitations of the KBUD framework for cities
Other initiatives & challenges in eThekwini
not considered in KBUD framework
Proposal for an integrated framework to
enhance KBUD and to guide KBUD in the South.
Final recommendations Outline Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Masters Thesis: Mundus Urbano 2010-2012 presented by MSc. Alessa Bennaton part 1 source: Vinhtantran "knowledge is power" part 2 highlights:
1. Major university ranked 3rd at a national level
2. Unemployment affects 20.3% of the population
3. Ranked above average in the Siemen´s African Green
City Index compared to other 15 African cities
4. The unit for Development, Planning, Environment
Management in conjunction with MILE act
(unofficially) as a KBUD authorities
5. Ranked 94/120 in a recent report by the
Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)in terms of
competitiveness of the world’s major cities 22/32 indicators are applicable & permit to
create an overall picture of eThekwini´s
performance in terms of KBUD on the other hand... Part 3 Part 4 1. The missing information from the KBUD analysis should be used to define new research initiatives through MILE.
2. The integrated framework can be applied to monitor and evaluate eThekwini´s progress towards a KBUD progressive region acknowledging it´s diversity and identified challenges and strategies
3. Benchmarking studies and possible application of this framework or methodological approach can be used for other cities of the South interested in evaluating their performance as KBUD regions.
4. Once the information has been completed, comparative studies to the North can be pursued to encourage southern cities to aim towards high standards but without disregarding their developmental priorities Conclusions Danke schön!
Ngiyabonga (kakhulu)! K K = Knowledge K Boston,
Liverpool amongst other Northern cities have been evaluated with KBUD framework. alignment is only partial because the
for developing countries are
not considered by KBUD questions? comments? Successfully hosted diverse learning exchanges.
Currently partnered with 10 international cities and has learning partnerships with 6 international organizations and 8 South African organizations. Hosted its first Master Class series for 2011, continued in 2012 for internal staff and staff of other cities of South Africa and other countries Africa. Technical support has been given to diverse South African & African cities. Publications & e-publications: “Innovations in Local Sustainability: Good Practice from eThekwini, South Africa” / “ABM Experiences: Twenty Lessons learned
from eThekwini Municipality.” -To coordinate research agendas with networks and knowledge centers
-Internal knowledge management
-Share knowledge with other municipalities(South Africa and abroad)
-Integrate knowledge generated by academic centers and universities into the strategic plans of the city
-Become a platform for exchange and initiative´s communications in the African context
-To resolve doubts about good practices implementation part 4 9 month internship (January 2012 - October 2012) at United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) assisting the Committee of Urban Strategic Planning Starting point: Methodology: secondary research: revision of official information, facilitated documentation, literature review
primary research: questionnaires & interviews to eThekwini associates
validation through constant communication with eThekwini. South Africa national IDP IDP IDP