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Iran Contra Scandal
Transcript of Iran Contra Scandal
During the Reagan administration
This political scandal didn't surface until November 1986 What's it all about? When? Began as...
mission to free 7 American hostages held by group w/ Iranian ties connected to the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.
Was planned that Israel would ship weapons to Iran, and then U.S. would resupply Israel and receive the Israeli payment.
Iranian recipients promised to do everything in their power to achieve the release of the U.S. hostages. Who was involved? Background Info Boland Amendment, 1984. CIA and Department of Defense can't give military aid
1985, Iran and Iraq at war
Reagan wants to strengthen relationship with Iran
Stronger U.S. position in the Middle East http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/reagan-iran/
http://www.coldwar.org/articles/80s/IranContraAffair.asp Bibliography By: Esther Clemence Batarse and Vivian Mong!!!! What happened at the end? Reagan denied knowing about Nicaragua
North said that Reagan & VP Bush knew of the events and cover-up
Still no evidence that connects scandal to Reagan
North & Poindexter pardoned if they testify in front of Senate
Reagan's popularity suffered How did the scandal surface? Iranian Mehdi Hashemi
Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa
November 3, 1986.
1st public recording of the weapons-for-hostages deal.
Operation was discovered only after an airlift of guns was downed over Nicaragua. What happened after? Nicaraguan government sued the U.S. before the International Court of Justice
Ruled in favor of Nicaragua
U.S. refused to compensate.
Proved that the U.S., a permanent member of the Security Council, blocked any enforcement mechanism attempted by Nicaragua. OHHH Reagan.... Behind the Truth... Still today, Reagan's role in the transactions is not definitively known
Unclear exactly what Reagan knew
& Whether the arms sales were motivated by his desire to save the U.S. hostages. Behind the Truth pt 2. North wrote: "Ronald Reagan knew of and approved a great deal of what went on with both the Iranian initiative and private efforts on behalf of the contras and he received regular, detailed briefings on both.... I have no doubt that he was told about the use of residuals for the Contras, and that he approved it. Enthusiastically." What's it all about? pt 2. Plan evolved into arms-for-hostages scheme
members of the executive branch sold weapons to Iran in exchange for American hostages.
Large modifications to plan devised by Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North of the National Security Council in late 1985
portion of the $$$ from weapon sales was diverted to fund anti-Sandinista and anti-communist rebels, or Contras, in Nicaragua Caspar Weinberger
Robert C. McFarlane
Alan D. Fiers
Jonathan Scott Royster