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Compromise of 1850: How Texas Gets Its Shape

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on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Compromise of 1850: How Texas Gets Its Shape

Mexico Respects Border
The treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo established the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico. Mexico did not want any problems, so respected this as the border.
New Mexico did not want to be apart of Texas. They saw themselves as very different, having different ancestry, practices, and staying true to the Spanish culture.
Slave Occupations
Slaves worked did manual labor such as pick cotton, grow crops, manage animals, blacksmith, or were house servants
New Mexico
Image by Tom Mooring
Texas Too Big?
Compromise of 1850: How Texas Gets Its Shape

Compromise of 1850
The size and shape of Texas was up for discussion, and eventually, the United States gave Texas $10 million to surrender claims to land in parts of New Mexico.
Slavery Expands as feared by Abolitionists
15 years after becoming a state, slavery expanded and 30% of Texas residents were slaves
Size and shape of Texas still not Solidified
The northern and western boundaries of Texas were unclear. Texas believed they should have parts of New Mexico because the Rio Grande River extended all the way up to New Mexico.
Many believed Texas was becoming too large. It was a slave state, so abolitionists wanted to limit the expansion of Texas.
Word Bank:
-Rio Grande River
Word Bank:
-Rio Grande
-New Mexico
Texas believed that _____________ should also be a part of Texas
A. Colorado
B. New Mexico
C. Nevada
D. Utah
Word Bank:
People of New Mexico wanted to be a part of Texas:
A. True
B. False
Word Bank:
-Slave States
Word Bank:
-Compromise of 1850
Abolitionists were people who: A. Wanted to keep slavery in the United States
B. Those who wanted to get rid of slavery
C. Agreed to have slavery in the east of the United States, but not in the West
Word Bank:
Word Bank:
-Manual Labor
National Slavery
All over the United States, people had slaves that were heavily disciplined and tortured. Almost 5 million slaves lived in the U.S. in 1870.
Word Bank:
What happened to slaves who tried to run away?
A. They were released
B. they were disciplined and tortured
Bloodhound Laws
Part of the compromise of 1850 included laws that forced people to capture and return what they believed to be fugitive slaves or else they would be fined.
Word Bank:
-Forced to Arrest
Bloodhounds were dogs commonly used to track slaves.
What did the “Fugitive Slave Law” forced police and officers to:
A. let slaves go
B. arrest slaves suspected of escape
C. Pay money for slaves they caught
Runaway Slaves
Anyone helping runaway slaves were thrown in jail and fined. Slaves were considered fugitives based on the word of the owner. Slaves were not allowed a court trial.
Word Bank:
Because of the Fugitive Slave or “bloodhound law” what could happen to someone who was
caught helping runaway slaves?
A. Jail time
B. Fined
C. Punished by the owners
D. All of the above
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