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Transcript of Shigella
Shigella? What is the implicated illness? Shigella (noun)
a bacteria that is an intestinal pathogen of humans and other primates, some kinds of which cause dysentery.
pathogen:a bacteria, virus, or other microorganisms that can cause disease
dysentery:infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhea
Shigella are bacteria that can infect the digestive tract and cause a wide range of symptoms.
Shigella needs a host to thrive. The bacteria thrives in the human intestines. It produces toxins, which can attack the lining of the large intestine and this causes swelling, ulcers on the intestinal wall, and bloody diarrhea. salmonella What are the symptoms? The most common symptoms are diarrhea, fever, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, flatulence, and straining to have a bowel movement. In rare cases, young children may have seizures. Symptoms can take as long as a week to show up, but most often begin two to four days after ingestion. Symptoms usually last for several days, but can last for weeks. What is the incubation period? What is the duration of the symptoms? What are the steps for prevention? CITATIONS: http://www.ask.com/answers/107810641/what-does-shigella-need-to-thrive http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/shigella/index.html Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by Shigella. The Shigella germ is a family of bacteria that can cause diarrhea in humans. People with shigellosis shed the bacteria in their feces. The bacteria can spread from an infected person to contaminate water or food, or directly to another person. Getting just a little bit of the Shigella bacteria into your mouth is enough to cause symptoms.
The illness is most commonly seen in child-care settings and schools. Shigellosis is a cause of traveler’s diarrhea, from contaminated food and water in developing countries
The incubation period is 12 hours to six days, but people usually get sick in one to two days.
Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. The Shigella bacteria pass from one infected person to the next.
Every year, about 18,000 cases of shigellosis are reported in the United States. Approximately 140 to 900 cases of shigellosis are reported in Minnesota each year. Even though hand washing can help prevent contamination, if you have Shigellosis you should not prepare food for your family until you know that you are no longer carrying the Shigella bacteria.
Cook meat, poultry and other raw foods thoroughly to 170° Fahrenheit. Meat and poultry can become contaminated with Shigella during processing or transport. If cooked thoroughly, even meat that has Shigella on its surface should be safe to eat. Refrigerate any leftovers soon after cooking. When reheating leftovers, make sure the food reaches proper temperatures.
Avoid cross contamination of raw and ready-to-eat foods. If you have been cutting raw meat or vegetables, make sure you thoroughly wash all surfaces and utensils before doing anything else. Thoroughly wash all fruits and vegetables before eating them. When storing raw meat in the refrigerator, keep it on the bottom shelf so that if juices leak, they do not contaminate other foods. http://www.pritzkerlaw.com/shigella-prevention/ http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/diseases/shigellosis/basics.html