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North Carolina Symphony

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Mary Ludwig

on 5 November 2017

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Transcript of North Carolina Symphony

Instruments of the

Listen to the Texture of the music. Texture is the layers of sounds created. Just like material, musical sounds are weaved together to create a strong composition. How many layers can you identify?
Families of instruments
The string family
Even though he was a great concert pianist, he refused to perform in public. He mad his living by teaching piano lessons and sending his compositions to publishers.

When he was four years old, his parents taught him notes on the piano at the same time they taught him the latters of the alphabet.
Introducing the Orchestral Brass Section
French Horn, Tuba, Trumpet and Trombone
Characteristics of the Brass instruments
Originally made from brass

All have valves or rotors with the exception of the slide trombone
Musician vibrates or buzzes lips on mouthpiece
of the Woodwind

All originally made from Wood
All have a reed that vibrates to create the sound with the exception of the flute and piccolo
They all have multiple keys and/or holes
America The Beautiful arranged by Terry Mizesko
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me.
I've roamed and rambled and I followed my footsteps to the sparkling sands of her diamond deserts, And all around me a voice was sounding, "This land was made for you and me."

Terry Mizesko is a composer born in Morehead City, NC. He has been a member of the NC Symphony's trombone section since 1971. He is also a conductor.

Terry studied music at East Carolina University in Greenville. He has taught trombone lessons for more than 20 years at several schools including Duke University, UNC- Chapel Hill and St. Augustine's College.
Terry has two children that are his inspiration for writing music for kids.
He enjoys minor league baseball, especially the Durham Bulls and Carolina Mudcats. He loves to cook!
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me. As I was walking that ribbon of highway, I saw above me that endless sky way. I saw below me that golden valley, This land was made for you and me.
Fundamental of Music
Rhythm is the pattern of sounds and silences of various lengths that moves the music forward. Rhythm patterns can be very simple of highly complex.
North Carolina Symphony

What Makes Music, Music

Ludwig von Beethoven
"Symphony in E Minor, Mvt. 3"Juba Dance"
Edvard Grieg

Franz Joseph Haydn
Johann Strauss, Sr.
*Violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings.
*A bow is held in the right hand and will vibrate the string by drawing a bow across it.
*Special effects include: pizzicato (plucked) and double stopping (playing two strings at once.
The Viola is a bit larger
than the violin,
therefore it will have a
lower range. The
tone is also darker
and richer. It also
uses a bow.
Violin Viola
The Cello is lower in range than the viola and is notable for its singing quality and its dark resonance in the low register.
The Double Bass is the lowest of the string instruments of the orchestra.
It is played with a bow or plucking the strings.
The harp is one of the oldest musical instruments. Its plucked strings, whose pitches are changed by the pedals, produce a beautiful tone.
Conta Bassoon
English Horn
Woodwind Family
The percussion instruments of the orchestra are used
to accentuate the rhythm, generate excitement
at the climaxes, and inject splashes of color into the
orchestral sound.
Fundamentals of Music
Dynamics describes the volume, or how loud or soft the music is played.
Mezzo Forte
Mezzo Piano
Born in Germany
Father taught him to play piano at age 4. Went to Vienna, Austria to study with Mozart and Haydn
* He wrote 9 symphonies
*Wrote only one opera and one ballet
*Despite loosing hearing, continued to compose for nearly 25 more years.
"In the Hall of the Mountain King" from Peer Gynt
Often, a composer will write more than one melody, or melodic theme.
The melody is what the audience members would be humming or whistling after the concert. It is most memorable or "catchy".
Melody: The Tune
Fundamentals of Music
In the late 20's, she composed radio ads and played the organ for silent film screening to earn money
Florence performed in her first recital at 4 years old
Fundamentals of Music
The rate of speed, or pace of the music
Fundamentals of Music
The aspect of music that involves tone color, or the way instruments sound. It refers to the interweaving of the melody and the harmony. (Layers of sound)
Georges Bizet
His first symphony was written as an assignment at the Paris Conservatory. It was forgotten about and not debuted until 1935, after which it was deemed a master work
Born: October 25, 1838, Paris, France
Died: June 3, 1875, Bougival, France
• Bizet was considered a “master pianist” by the age of 14.
His most famous opera, Carmen, was written in 1875, near the end of his life
Aaron Copeland
Nov. 14, 1900 - Dec. 2, 1990
"The Sea and Sinbad's Ship" from Scheheazade Op. 35
Hungarian Dance No. 6
Brahms Hungarian Dance Nr. 6 piano four hands
Began piano lessons with his mom at age 6.
Studied piano in his teens for 5 years at the Leipzig Conservatory.
Become one of the founders of Copenhagen concert society promoting Scandinavian composers.
Norwegian dances and songs and incidental music and vocal pieces was focus of later works.
March 31, 1732 Austria
May 31, 1809 Austria
Strauss was famous for his waltzes.
He set the foundations for his sons and Joseph Lanner to carry on his musical traditions.
He demanded that none of his sons pursue careers in music, despite their musical talent.
Fundamentals of Music
Music Form
Call and Response
Verse and Refrain
Form refers to the music's structure or shape. Basic elements include repetition, contrast, and variation.
Theme and variation
"Radetzky March" By Johann Strauss, Sr.

Florence Beatrice Price (nee Smith)
April 9, 1887 Little Rock, Arkansas
June 3, 1953 Chicago, Illinois
Symphony in E minor won the Wanamaker Prize in 1932. It was also the first work composed by an African-American woman to be played by a major symphony
“Farandole” from L’Arlesienne Suite No. 2
Georges Bizet
Edvard Grieg
• Brahms’family was very poor and lived in a house
with many other families. His most precious possession
was his flute, which he kept under his pillow.
He was a composer of the Romantic Period, but
his music seemed closer to the Classical Period
compared to his contemporaries
. Hungarian Dance No. 6 is one of the 21
arrangements of Hungarian dances he wrote for four-hand piano.
Born March 14, 1804 Austria
Died Sept. 25, 1849 Austria
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me. When the sun comes shining and I was strolling, and the wheat fields waving and the dust clouds rolling, As the fog was lifting a voice was chanting, "This land was made for you and me."
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me.
Words and music by Woody Guthrie
This Land Is Your Land
Woody Guthrie born July 14, 1912, Okemah, Oklahoma
Named after Woodrow Wilson the 28th president.
He wrote over 1,000 songs
Many songs were inspired by the hard times he experienced
Played the guitar, mandolin, fiddle and harmonica.
Died: October 3, 1967 , Queens, NY
Known as the father of American Folk Music

June 15, 1843 Bergen, Norway
September 4, 1907 Bergen, Norway
New Year's Concert Vienna 1987, with Herbert Von Karajan conducting the Vienna Philharmonic AND THE AUDIENCE

The premiere of Symphony NO. 7 in December , 1813 marked Beethoven's last public appearance as a conductor.
Symphony #7, Mvt. II Allegretto Conducted by Leondard Bernstein
Florence was a published composer by the time she graduated high school at age 14.
She composed more than 300 works over the course of her life. In addition to her orchestral and piano works, she wrote shorter vocal pieces, some sung by Marian Anderson
Her mother encouraged her to pretend to be Mexican because of the many challenges as an African-American
By Florence Beatrice
What does this music have in common with Ragtime?
"In the Hall of the Mountain King" is the incidental music from Peer Gynt. This is a legend or Norwegian fairy tale about a mischievous boy. "In the Hall of the Mountain King" Peer had stumbled into the kingdom of trolls and was captured. The King likes Peer and invites him to live with the trolls only if he agrees to marry the troll king's daughter and become a troll. He refused and tries to sneak away. Imagine his "getaway scene" with this music.
Haydn Symphony #88 Movement IV
Finale: Allegro con
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