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North Carolina Symphony

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by

Mary Ludwig

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of North Carolina Symphony

Instruments of the
Orchestra

Listen to the Texture of the music. Texture is the layers of sounds created. Just like material, musical sounds are weaved together to create a strong composition. How many layers can you identify?
Families of instruments
Brass
Woodwinds
Strings
Percussion
The string family
Harp
Even though he was a great concert pianist, he refused to perform in public. He mad his living by teaching piano lessons and sending his compositions to publishers.


When he was four years old, his parents taught him notes on the piano at the same time they taught him the latters of the alphabet.
Introducing the Orchestral Brass Section
French Horn, Tuba, Trumpet and Trombone
Characteristics of the Brass instruments
Originally made from brass

All have valves or rotors with the exception of the slide trombone
Musician vibrates or buzzes lips on mouthpiece
Characteristics
of the Woodwind

All originally made from Wood
All have a reed that vibrates to create the sound with the exception of the flute and piccolo
They all have multiple keys and/or holes
America The Beautiful arranged by Terry Mizesko
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me.
I've roamed and rambled and I followed my footsteps to the sparkling sands of her diamond deserts, And all around me a voice was sounding, "This land was made for you and me."

Terry Mizesko is a composer born in Morehead City, NC. He has been a member of the NC Symphony's trombone section since 1971. He is also a conductor.

Terry studied music at East Carolina University in Greenville. He has taught trombone lessons for more than 20 years at several schools including Duke University, UNC- Chapel Hill and St. Augustine's College.
Terry has two children that are his inspiration for writing music for kids.
He enjoys minor league baseball, especially the Durham Bulls and Carolina Mudcats. He loves to cook!
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me. As I was walking that ribbon of highway, I saw above me that endless sky way. I saw below me that golden valley, This land was made for you and me.
Fundamental of Music
Rhythm
Rhythm is the pattern of sounds and silences of various lengths that moves the music forward. Rhythm patterns can be very simple of highly complex.
North Carolina Symphony

What Makes Music, Music

2016-2017
Ludwig von Beethoven
1770-1827
"William Tell Overture"
Edvard Grieg

Franz Joseph Haydn
Johann Strauss, Sr.
*Violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings.
*A bow is held in the right hand and will vibrate the string by drawing a bow across it.
*Special effects include: pizzicato (plucked) and double stopping (playing two strings at once.
The Viola is a bit larger
than the violin,
therefore it will have a
lower range. The
tone is also darker
and richer. It also
uses a bow.
Violin Viola
The Cello is lower in range than the viola and is notable for its singing quality and its dark resonance in the low register.
The Double Bass is the lowest of the string instruments of the orchestra.
It is played with a bow or plucking the strings.
The harp is one of the oldest musical instruments. Its plucked strings, whose pitches are changed by the pedals, produce a beautiful tone.
Conta Bassoon
English Horn
Woodwind Family
The percussion instruments of the orchestra are used
to accentuate the rhythm, generate excitement
at the climaxes, and inject splashes of color into the
orchestral sound.
Fundamentals of Music
Dynamics
Dynamics describes the volume, or how loud or soft the music is played.
Forte
Mezzo Forte
Fortissimo
Piano
Mezzo Piano
Pianissimo
Born in Germany
Father taught him to play piano at age 4. Went to Vienna, Austria to study with Mozart and Haydn
* He wrote 9 symphonies
*Wrote only one opera and one ballet
*Despite loosing hearing, continued to compose for nearly 25 more years.
Radetzky March
Often, a composer will write more than one melody, or melodic theme.
The melody is what the audience members would be humming or whistling after the concert. It is most memorable or "catchy".
Melody: The Tune
Fundamentals of Music
Rossini studied harpsichord as a child
He wrote his most successful opera, The Barber of Seville (1816) in 12 days
Rossini wrote 37 operas, William Tell was his last.
B
Liked to cook
Loved to tease and play jokes on his friends..
By Gioachino Rossini
Fundamentals of Music
Tempo
The rate of speed, or pace of the music
Allegro
Largo
Andante
Moderato
Presto
Adagio
Vivace
Grave
Fundamentals of Music
Texture
The aspect of music that involves tone color, or the way instruments sound. It refers to the interweaving of the melody and the harmony. (Layers of sound)
Georges Bizet
His first symphony was written as an assignment at the Paris Conservatory. It was forgotten about and not debuted until 1935, after which it was deemed a master work
Born: October 25, 1838, Paris, France
Died: June 3, 1875, Bougival, France
• Bizet was considered a “master pianist” by the age of 14.
His most famous opera, Carmen, was written in 1875, near the end of his life
Aaron Copeland
Nov. 14, 1900 - Dec. 2, 1990
Thin
Thick
"The Sea and Sinbad's Ship" from Scheheazade Op. 35
Menuetto from Symphony No. 2
Hungarian Dance No. 6
When Brahms was nine, he accidently discovered a
piano factory during the Great Fire of Hamburg, when
the fire blocked his path to Mr. Cossel’s house and he
couldn’t get to his piano lesson. The owner of the
factory invited him to play, and then offered Brahms
the opportunity to practice on the pianos in his factory
Brahms Hungarian Dance Nr. 6 piano four hands
B.
L
B
B
N
Bg"
Sc
March 31, 1732 Austria
May 31, 1809 Austria
B
Strauss was famous for his waltzes.
He set the foundations for his sons and Joseph Lanner to carry on his musical traditions.
He demanded that none of his sons pursue careers in music, despite their musical talent.
Fundamentals of Music
Music Form
ABA
Strophic
Call and Response
AB
Canon/Round
Verse and Refrain
Form refers to the music's structure or shape. Basic elements include repetition, contrast, and variation.
Theme and variation
"Radetzky March" By Johann Strauss, Sr.

Florence Beatrice Price (nee Smith)
April 9, 1887 Little Rock, Arkansas
June 3, 1953 Chicago, Illinois
B.
“Farandole” from L’Arlesienne Suite No. 2
Georges Bizet
Johannes Brahms
• Brahms’family was very poor and lived in a house
with many other families. His most precious possession
was his flute, which he kept under his pillow.
He was a composer of the Romantic Period, but
his music seemed closer to the Classical Period
compared to his contemporaries
. Hungarian Dance No. 6 is one of the 21
arrangements of Hungarian dances he wrote for four-hand piano.
Schubert began piano lessons at age six.

By te age of 7, he dabbled in opera and joined
the Boys' Choir.

While enrolled in Imperial and Royal City
College boarding school, he excelled in his
music studies and academics.

Schubert wrote more than 1000 compositions, including over 600 songs.

He wrote nine symphonies (same as Beethoven).
Franz Schubert
ABA Form
Born March 14, 1804 Austria
Died Sept. 25, 1849 Austria
Rimksy-Korsakov's
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me. When the sun comes shining and I was strolling, and the wheat fields waving and the dust clouds rolling, As the fog was lifting a voice was chanting, "This land was made for you and me."
This land is your land, this land is my land, From California to the New York island; From the redwood forest to the Gulf Stream waters; This land was made for you and me.
Words and music by Woody Guthrie
This Land Is Your Land
Woody Guthrie born July 14, 1912, Okemah, Oklahoma
Named after Woodrow Wilson the 28th president.
He wrote over 1,000 songs
Many songs were inspired by the hard times he experienced
Played the guitar, mandolin, fiddle and harmonica.
Died: October 3, 1967 , Queens, NY
Known as the father of American Folk Music

June 15, 1843 Bergen, Norway
September 4, 1907 Bergen, Norway
Under Construction
Remodeling for the new season
The remaining material still needs updated. Stop by later!
New Year's Concert Vienna 1987, with Herbert Von Karajan conducting the Vienna Philharmonic AND THE AUDIENCE

The premiere of Symphony NO. 7 in December , 1813 marked Beethoven's last public appearance as a conductor.
Symphony #7, Mvt. II Allegretto Conducted by Leondard Bernstein
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