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History of Mexico

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Kevin Cayton

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of History of Mexico

Ancient History of Mexico
The area that is now known as Mexico was first populated by the Olmec people on the Gulf Coast (near present-day Veracruz) around 1200 B.C. Over the next 2300 years it became home to several vast and powerful civilizations with customs and cultures a world apart from their European conquerors. The cultures developed in these civilizations still hold strong ties with the people of Mexico today.
Middle History
Mexico spent the years of 1521-1821 under Spanish control and existed as the colony of "Nueva Espana" (New Spain). During this time the natives were heavily influenced by both the Spaniards and the Catholic Church the latter of whom had a prolific amount of missionaries until the early 1700's.
Mexico Today
Known as the United Mexican States.
Population of 103,263,388 (as of 2005 census).
10 cities with more than one million inhabitants (the U.S. contains 9).
Land area of 758,249 square miles.
Predominantly Catholic.
World's leading producer of silver.
"Mexico Geography and Climate." ADVENTURE LEARNING FOUNDATION. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013.


"Mexico Guide -- National Geographic." National Geographic Travel . N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2013. <http:/


"Mexico@History.com." History.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/mexico>.

"Olmec Civilization - Crystalinks." Crystalinks Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2013. <http:/


"Physical map of Mexico." Free World Maps. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2013. <http://www.freeworldmaps.net


"Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population and Rank | Infoplease.com." Infoplease.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Sept.

2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0763098.html>.

Rose to prominence in the early 1400's.
Grew to a population of over 5 million people.
Irrigated lands and mastered farming.
Fell to conquistador Hernan Cortes in 1521 after mistaking him for the incarnation of the serpent god Quetzalcoatl.
Flourished between 250 and 900 A.D.
Developed a writing system with nearly 800 symbols.
Grew corn, beans, squash, and cassava (yuca root).
Invented and produced rubber 3 millennium before Charles Goodyear.
The Mayan Chichen Itza Pyramid
Recent History
The 19th century was a tumultuous one for Mexico, plagued by a string of tyrant dictators, waring presidents, a 30 year French occupation, and a growing riff between the upper and lower classes.
However, in 1934 the Mexican Revolution ended with Lazaro Cardenas as president and some sense of order returned to the country.
Lazaro Cardenas
Recent Hist. Cont.
The years since World War II have seen Mexico continue to be a strong economic power in Central America yet substantially less influential from a global standpoint.
In recent years the outsourcing of manufacturing to Mexico has caused a movement towards economic equality.
Mayan and Aztec Empires
The mexican flag contains strong symbolism.
Green is for hope and victory.
White shows the purity of Mexican ideals.
Red represents the blood shed by the nations heroes.
The eagle and the snake represents the sign given to the Aztec people to show where they should found their capitol city of Tenochtitlian (present day Mexico City).
The Mexican Flag
Composed of an influence from many different civilizations.
Ancient cultures still hold especially strong ties in rural parts of Mexico, some areas even still speak the Maya language over the countries official language of spanish.
Family is the top priority and of utmost importance to the Mexican culture, with three generations commonly living together under one roof.
Mexican cuisine is varied by region but usually consists of three major staples: corn, beans, and squash.
These are commonly complimented by rice, avocados, chilli peppers, papayas, potatoes, plantains, and vanilla.
Olmec figurines
Present-Day Mexico
Mexico can be divided into three different geographical sections.
Northern Mexico is covered and conquered by two deserts (the Chihuahuan and Sonoran).
Central Mexico is formed by coastal low lands on either flank snuggled up against two separate mountain ranges, which form a centralized broad group of plateaus in the middle.
South Mexico is mixed with low land plains along the coast and tropical rainforest highlands in between.
Geographic Map of Mexico
Current Updates
Weekly updates regarding noteworthy events happening in Mexico.
Mexico has spent the past several days getting pounded hard on both sides, with Hurricane Ingrid hitting the Gulf Coast this past weekend and Tropical Storm Manuel battering the Pacific Coast early in the week. Massive flooding and mudslides have nearly disassembled the country, rendering entire cities completely inaccessible. The death toll is currently 38 yet many are still missing. It seems the coming months will truly be a test on how the country can cope with such a disaster.
Bibliography to updates
"38 Dead as Tropical Storms Lash Mexico." USA Today.
Gannett, 17 Sept. 2013. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.

For Migrants, New Land of Opportunity Is Mexico. (2013,
September 21). The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/22/world/americas/for-migrants-new-land-of-opportunity-is-mexico.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

LaGesse, D. (2013, October 2). Mexico's Bid for Energy
Reform Stirs Passion on Oil Patrimony. Daily Nature and Science News . Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2013/10/131002-mexico-energy-reform-pemex-oil/

Malkin, E. (2013, October 15). Mexico Takes Swing at
Obesity. <i>New York Times</i>. Retrieved October 31, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/16/world/americas/mexico-takes-a-bloomberg-like-swing-at-obesity.html?_r=0

Sreeharsha, V. (2013, November 6). DealBook. <i>Vote of Confidence in
Mexicos Version of Amazoncom Comments</i>. Retrieved November 7, 2013, from http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/11/06/vote-of-confidence-in-mexicos-version-of-amazon-com/?_r=0

Carlsen, L. . Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Mexico has had an increasing problem with immigration recently. With costs of manufacturing in China rising, Mexico has found a new stronghold in the market, and as a result people are flocking to the country from across the globe. Many new Mexican immigrants are from Europe or Asia, not just others from Latin America. In fact, during 2000-2010 Mexico's immigrant population almost doubled, and has continued to rise steadily, even outpacing the U.S. over the past two years.
Energy woes have bestowed Mexico's Government recently. The issue being that in 1938 Mexico nationalized its oil and gas reserve. Until recently Mexico had been a large producer of petroleum, yet its supplies have run low and the government run petroleum industry lacks both the capacity and the money to tap the countries potential. In response, the new president, Enrique Pena Nieto, has proposed to open the national gas reserve to other countries; an action which has sent vast amounts of Mexican citizens into an uproar. The people hold great pride in their countries petroleum independence, and it seems they are having difficulty coming to terms with the fact that their independence is one they can no longer maintain.
Mexico recently overtook the United States as the most obese country in the world, with almost 70% of its citizens being obese. The Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto has proposed a tax on soda in attempts to combat the nation's weight problem. A movement which, if passed, would be the first test of a nation wide soda tax aimed at battling obesity. In addition, the country has received a three year ten million dollar grant from the foundation of Michael R. Bloomberg, New York's mayor.
A one year old website named linio.com, a Mexican based replica of Amazon has been gaining some attention recently. Namely, a recent round of investments from a large array of investors left the budding website $50 million richer. The majority of the investment came from Mexican venture capitalist firm Latin Idea. While many criticize the website for being a blatant copycat of Amazon.com, it still shows a strong step towards assimilation into the digital age for the developing country.
The 20th anniversary of the signing of NAFTA is quickly approaching and the New York Times released an article noting the trade agreements negative effects on Mexico's economy. In hindsight it appears the agreement limited the economic growth potential of the country by restricting tariffs on goods traded amongst participating member countries, whom just happen to account for the vast majority of Mexico's imports and exports. As a result, Mexico has been unable to compete with cheaper imports on its own goods and unable to create cheap enough exports to compete internationally. The debilitation has rippled into America and caused Obama to began pushing for a renegotiation of the organization as the Trans-Pacific partnership.
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