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Colonial Maryland

The Colony Maryland
by

Laura Flanagan

on 14 October 2016

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Transcript of Colonial Maryland

The Maryland Colony
Welcome to Maryland
The best place to move to
History
Founded by Lord Baltimore, George Calvert and other colonists at Baltimore in 1633
George Calvert, the first Baron Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic who was discriminated against in England
The original name of this colony was the Province of Maryland (later about 1632 it was named Maryland)
Maryland was named in honor of Henrietta Maria of France
Provided religious freedom, especially for Catholics
Maryland was originally founded as a place for safety or refuge for those who were Catholic. However, the land prices were so cheap that Protestants also flocked to Maryland which caused much division among the colonists
In 1763, legal battles over the colony's boundaries were settled by a survey, which resulted in establishing the Mason-Dixon line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon
The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies. It is located on the Atlantic coast of North America
The Maryland Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies. The Province of Maryland was an English colony in North America that existed from 1633 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the fourth colony.
Religion
Geography
The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas
There are Coastal plains, piedmont plateau, and the Blue Ridge Mountains, separated by the Chesapeake Bay
Baltimore is a historic seaport at the very top of Chesapeake Bay
Maryland's highest point is Backbone Mountain which is over 3,000 feet high
Maryland is separated from Virginia by the Potomac River
Maryland is bordered by three states: Delaware, Virginia, and Pennsylvania
Maryland was not dominated by a specific religion which gave different way to religious freedom for Baptists, Catholics, Anglicans and others.
Religious toleration, which already existed by charter, which was further established by a law of the Maryland Assembly, of April 2, 1649 called the Maryland Toleration Act
The Maryland Toleration Act only provided religious freedom for christians
Anyone of any other faith risked the death penalty
They got rid of the Toleration Act in 1654 because the Puritans rejected everybody else and it was re-enacted, in 1661 when the king was restored to power
Economy
The Maryland Colony concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock
The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population which the slaves worked on the plantations. Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops
Crops in Maryland were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes
Government
By 1775 Maryland was governed as a Proprietary Colony
The capital is Annapolis
Cecilius created a government where he made the laws with the consent of the freemen landowners in the colony. A legislative assembly was created to consent to the laws passed by the governor. There were two houses: one of freemen and the second consisted of the governor and his council.
Trade or Exports
There was trade in the Southern colonies
Flax, grams, corn, tobacco, fruit, vegetables, fish, iron, lumber, clay, bricks, beaver, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), furs, farm products, and ships - refer to Colonial Times
By, Natalie and Lukas
Why You Want to Come to Maryland

Maryland is full of history
It has beautiful Blue Ridge mountains and a wonderful Chesapeake bay
Maryland provides religious freedom, especially for Catholics
Full transcript