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STI

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by

Dorjee Norbu

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of STI

Sexually Transmitted Infections STI SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS What does that mean? These infections are mainly passed from person to person through sexual contact Unprotected vaginal sex
Unprotected anal sex
Unprotected oral sex ...you come in contact with... Blood
Vaginal Fluids
Semen Used Needles Mother to child and sometimes even skin-to-skin contact Side Note: There are other modes of (non-sexual) transmission including.. So What??? It can cause damage to the reproductive system and infertility, liver cancer, heart disease, cervical cancer, eye disease, blindness and even DEATH How do I know if I have been infected??? The signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of infection, but most of the time you may have NO SYMPTOMS AT ALL.


So if you are worried, get TESTED! HIV/AIDS Gonorrhea Herpes Hepatitis A Syphilis Chancroid Pubic Lice Trichomoniasis Chlamydia Candidiasis Klebseilla Granulomatis HPV There are over 30 different STIs Viral Bacterial Other infectious
organisms Hepatitis C Hepatitis B 1. What is it?
2. What are the signs and symptoms?
3. What are some complications?
4. How is it transmitted?
5. How is it diagnosed and treated?
6. How can we protect ourselves from it? Chlamydia Take Control of Your Health: Educate Yourself. Get Tested. Practice Safe Sex. 1. Bacterial infection. Very common in MN; more common among women than men. HIV 1. Virus that causes AIDS. 2. No symptoms; sometimes similar to the flu 3. Attacks the immune system. When the immune system gets weak, other disease and infections can develop leading to AIDS. 4. Transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex. Also infected mother to child (breast-milk), and by sharing needles. 5. Diagnosed with HIV Rapid Blood Test and further testing. Treated with anti-virals. No vaccines YET. 6. Use latex condoms and dental dams. Limit the number of sexual partners. Do not share needles. Gonorrhea 1. Caused by a bacteria. Another common STI in the US. 2. Most of the time no symptoms, however both men and women can have pain with urination and discharge. 3. Complications: infection of the joints, complication with pregnancy, and even INFERTILITY (no more babies). 4. Unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex. 5. Diagnosed by testing the infected bodily fluid and/or urine. Treated with ANTIBIOTICS. 6. Use condoms and dental dams. Limit number of sexual partners. Hepatitis B 1. Very strong virus that damages, and can lead to liver cancer. Very common in Asia and Africa. 2. Often no symptoms, sometimes flu-like and jaundice (yellow skin or eyes). 3. Liver Cancer and Death 4. Unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex. Sharing needles. 5. Diagnosed with a blood test. Treated with anti-viral medications. 6. Get the VACCINE!
Use condoms and dental dams. Do not share things that may come in contact with another person's blood (toothbrush, shaver, etc.). Do not share needles. 2. Silent STI; some women have vaginal discharge, burning with urination, lower abdomen pain and anal discomfort. Some men have watery white discharge from penis, burning pain with urination and anal discomfort. 3. Complications: Ectopic, PID, infertility in men and women, easier to get HIV.
4. Transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex. Also infected mother to child. 5. Diagnosed using cotton swab of vagina or urine sample.
Treated with antibiotics
6. Use latex condoms and dental dams.
Limit the number of sexual partners. Syphilis 1. Caused by a bacteria. The infection has 3 stages. 2. Signs and symptoms:
1st stage: painless sore on mouth, genitals or anus lasts from 1-5 weeks.
2nd stage: Rashes, flu-like symptoms, warts.
3rd stage: No sores or rashes, but Syphilis is still in the blood infecting your organs. 3. Heart disease, blindness, brain damage, and complications with pregnancy (stillbirths, infant with damaged organs, etc.) 4. Unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex 5. Diagnosed with a blood test; Treated with ANTIBIOTICS. 6. Use condoms and dental dams. Limit number of sexual partners. HPV 1. There are over 100 different types of HPV virus. So most sexually active individuals come in contact with this virus, but our body is able to fight it off. 2. Most people have no symptoms. Some develop a soft fleshy lump or warts on or near their genitals or anus. 3. Increases your chance of getting cervical cancer 4. Unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex 5. During a pap smear (looking at a sample of cervical cells), the doctor will look for these viruses.
Treated with anti-virals. VACCINES: both boys and girls (age 9 to 26). Use condoms. Limit number of sexual partners.
Get cervical cancer screening for women between the ages of 21 and 65 years old.
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