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DISCIPLINES AND IDEAS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES

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Mil Toldanes

on 7 June 2016

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Transcript of DISCIPLINES AND IDEAS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES

DISCIPLINES AND IDEAS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES

History of Social Science?
Renaissance
– “Modern science began with the Renaissance in the important sense that it started then to have a continuous development”
(Gordon, 1991)

What is Social Science?
*Study of how social organization work and to identify the problem that result form the fact that they do not work perfectly (Gordon, 1991)
*It is an attempt to replicate the scientific success of the natural sciences in Social Organizations.
"Social Science is a study of how scientific attitude exercised in the natural sciences is applied in the different social organizations."
1. Source of Scientific Knowledge
*Observation versus Authority
*Galileo: “Secrets of nature are open to investigation by every man.”
*“When men are free to use what reason they possess, without subservience to authority, knowledge will increase progressively.”

2. Demarcation of Social Sciences
*Observation versus Revelation

*“A statement is scientific if it is of such a nature that it can be tested by observation or experiment.”

*Caveat: Being unscientific does not necessarily means “false”
3. Platonic Idealism versus Aristotelian Essentialism
*Plato:
“Knowledge consists of understanding the pure form of things, which is perfect, not the worldly examples which are not.”
-The way to know pure form of things is not through empirical methods but through abstract way such as mathematics.
*Aristotle:
Phenomena are explicable in terms of the essential nature of things.
-Example: stones fall because it is in their nature to fall.
Humanities vs Social Science
*Humanities – “The study of how people process and document the human experience.” (Stanford University)

*Humanities is a broader category compared with Social Science

ANTHROPOLOGY
GEOGRAPHY
ECONOMICS
HISTORY
LINGUISTICS
SOCIOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY
POLITICAL SCIENCE
THANK YOU
and
GOD BLESS!!!
WORD OF THE LOURD
Full transcript