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History Magna Carta - Bill of Rights
Transcript of History Magna Carta - Bill of Rights
a.Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Prison
b.“Due Process of Law” begun
c.Nobles were given a jury trial
d.Kings must follow the law like every one else.
This was significant because the people (nobles) were given their first rights to be treated fairly. The role of the House of Commons is to govern the country. It is made up of all the members of parliament, that are voted in by the likes of the people. They pass laws etc. They are elected by the people
The House of Lords is made up of life peers, peers of the realm, bishops and archbishops. They can revoke laws that have been passed by the House of Commons, but they were mostly for show rather than for actual law making. The lords are chosen by the monarch if they are given a title.
These two things resemble our modern day Congress
through having two houses. The House of Lords is like
the Senate but without the power. The power to declare war still sat with the monarch at this time. The power of the parliament was greatly limited during absolute monarchy and they gained power later on. As the Black Death took out much of the
population, serfs were paid to work fields.
As they were paid to work they began to
have a higher social standing. As they
began to have a higher social standing,
the class system of feudalism began to
fall apart and a middle class of people
began to form. Guild:
A medieval association of craftsmen or
merchants, often having considerable power.
With the rise of the middle class and guilds, many
people saw how the economy thrived with people
not being limited to a social class of job. Thus
leading to the economy we have today. From Guild to Merchant:
A young person would be an apprentice or trainee to a guild master and learn the trade of making an item like shoes, shirts, or a sword. They did not receive a wage, but did receive room and food from the guild master until they became a journeyman or salaried worker. When they graduated from this phase they became a merchant and began in wholesale. ~From Guild to Merchant: Effects on Today~ This process of training and becoming a
skilled worker is much like internship and
entrepreneurship in today's society. People
intern with masters of a skill to become the best they can be then go on to start
their own business under that
profession. The forefathers saw how a free market economy was successful and they knew this was a successful way to run the economy. ~The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)~ The Hundred Years war was fueled by William the Conqueror wanting to acquire Normandy back from England. With France wanting the land for themselves, the war started between France and England, which led to the structure of a limited government. Effects of the War: A.France became powerful and its kings had complete control over the country.
B.England also became powerful and the Parliament (who paid for the war against France that the king fought) became dominant. The King lost power because of Parliament. Humanism and its Effects This became very significant at the beginning of America because the founders saw the benefits of a limited government and how the citizens having a say in government should be exercised. This led to the congress having power, just as the parliament did. on Renaissance Society: Effects on Thought, Religion, and Art:
Humanists believed that people should enjoy life on earth, and question the bible while interpreting how they wish. Humanism was more independent from the Roman Catholic Church, and allowed people to think about other things rather than just Religion. It motivated people to question norms, which lead to the scientific revolution.
The Humanists view affected art in several ways which included: realism, perspective (depth and three-dimensional art), and the portraying of scenes of the Bible and battles.
The emphasis on questioning and how the finding went against the church lead to the Protestant
Reformation because of people wanting a Church
that was credible in what they taught. Humanism as if Affects us Today: Humanism affects today's society
through our styles of art,
ways of thinking, and the
views as it relates to people. It also motivates people to question norms, which is the driving force for debate, science, and law making today. Henry the Eighths' Impacts that Lasted: Henry fought with the Pope concerning the want of an annulment from his current Marriage at that time.
Because of Henry being granted this, he passed the Act of Supremacy that made him the head of the Church.
He granted his own divorce and married five more times and had a son Edward and another daughter Elizabeth.
Because of his actions Henry was excommunicated from the Catholic Church and created the Protestant Church of England.
This new Church was formed by taking land and money from the Catholic holdings in England.
This new Church although had many aspects of Catholicism including the Book of Common Prayer. Magna Carta:
"We have also granted to all the freeman ... all the unwritten liberties, to be enjoyed and held by them, and from our heirs"
"No scutage (tax) nor aid shall be imposed... unless by common council" This is relevant to know because our founders saw why there was importance in having separation between church and state. Elizabeth the First verses Philip the Second Philip the Second had an Absolute Monarchy. On the other hand Elizabeth the First had an Absolute Monarchy which was evolving into Constitutional Monarchy because the Parliament was present to make the laws for the people. Phillip the Second did not like Queen Elizabeth and wanted to over take England. Thus he got together the Armada and went to overtake England. Even though they out numbered the English army, they lost due to mother nature and the English army's fire ships. John Locke's Ideas:
All people in a society have the same natural rights.
"The power of the society or legislative constituted by them, can never be supposed to extend farther than the common good"
"The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of property" English Bill of Rights
"The pretended power of suspending laws or the execution of laws by regal authority without consent of parliament is illegal"
"Election of members of parliament ought to be free"
No cruel or unusual punishment The End The End Elizabeth the First Philip the Second verses This affected the religious beliefs in that time because Elizabeth the First had protestant views. Philip had Catholic views and followed the orders of the Pope. This was important to America because we saw how religious requirements led to conflict, which is why toleration became important. English Civil War (1642-1649) Ramifications of the War:
Parliament won the Civil War.
Charles I was executed for being a traitor.
England became a Republic called the Commonwealth of England.
England becoming a Republic was really the only political effect from the war. English Civil War as it
Relates to Today's Society The English Civil War led to a government change in England where societies rules and views were much different than before. This period in England allowed our founding fathers to see how there was a need for religion but not a need to force it, theaters were needed for expression and art, and freedoms such as dance and gambling should be allowed. Citations
The American Revolution: From Colonies to Constitution: Shaping the New Nation Ancient Lights, 2001 . Full Video.
Discovery Education. Web. 22 April 2013.
The Declaration of Independence: A Foundation of Ideas for a New Age Creative Adventures, 1997 . Full Video.
Discovery Education. Web. 22 April 2013.
Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor., Anthony Esler, Burton F. Beers, Kate Kinsella, and Kevin Feldman. Prentice Hall World History. Boston, MA: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print.
"Magna Carta." Magna Carta. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2013.
Troutman, Nancy. "The Magna Carta (The Great Charter)." The Magna Carta 1215. Cybercasting Services Division of the National Public Telecomputing Network, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. James II and Absolutism He was openly Catholic and suspended the laws at a whim and appointed Catholics to high government jobs.
They feared that he would reinstate Catholicism in England.
James II was chased out of England because we he remarried and had a son he seen his son as his heir.
He exemplified absolutism because he ruled over the people with absolute power and added people to the government without election. This angered parliament greatly along with the people. Parliament in the Glorious Revolution In 1688, Parliament became fed up with James II and decided to invite his Protestant daughter and her husband to rule England, leading James II to flee. Because this was a bloodless transition of power that led to a protestant leader, it was called the Glorious Revolution. William and Mary and the Adoption Of the English Bill of Rights Before Parliament would allow William and Mary to become king and queen they had to approve the English Bill of Rights in 1689.
It called for: The English Bill of Rights created a limited monarchy where a constitution or a legislative body could limit the power of the monarchy. A. Parliament is supreme over the King. B. Parliament must be called regularly into session. C.The House of Commons (representing the common people in Parliament) __would control all English finances. D. Monarchs could not suspend laws. E.Roman Catholics were banned from being monarch. F.Trial by jury was guaranteed for everyone. G.They affirmed Habeas Corpus, which meant the court must state what a person is charged with or let them go. As It Relates To Our Society Today ... The English Bill of Rights lead to our founding fathers creating our own Bill of Rights. Instead of taking all the power away from the people, the government set boundaries so that social order would be maintained while still giving the people the rights that they deserved. King John and Absolute Monarchy A Constitutional Monarchy is where the powers of the ruler are restricted to those granted under the constitution and laws of the nation. Part of this was a continuum from the Magna Carta in 1215 because it lead to people having rights and the governments powers being limited so that an abuse of power could be limited.