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Australian Textile, Clothing, Footwear and Allied Industries

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Stephanie Apperley

on 6 July 2016

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Transcript of Australian Textile, Clothing, Footwear and Allied Industries

Australian Textile, Clothing, Footwear and Allied Industries
ppropriate textile technology and environmental sustainability
selection of appropriate
in the textiles industry
Currently trends are marketed towards creation and purchase of textile items that have little impact on the environment.

This is a challenge for the ATCFAI

Designing in a way that considers environmental impact throughout the whole product life cycle can help to reduce the impact ATCFAI Industries have on environmental sustainability.
Packaging and distribution
Raw materials
End of product life
Product use
Resource conservation can be considered, e.g.
- recycled water for processing and cleaning cotton
- growth and use of organic materials

Designers in the ATCFAI Industries can consider using materials with low environmental impact, e.g.
- biodegradable yarns and fibres
- reusable fabrics.
Manufacturing processes and packaging for textile items could be changed
- production methods that create pollution and packaging materials that do not biodegrade can harm the environment
- water use in textile production could be reduced
- textile finishes could be used with the environment in mind
Distribution of textile items can also affect the environment
- factories in locations that are a great distance away from outlet = increases in fuel consumption and energy use
If a product is created to be used only once, or needs constant repair and maintenance, more energy will be used unnecessarily.
- clothing could be designed to be worn several times before needing to be washed
Once a textile product has reached the end of its life cycle, reuse, recycling and other means can ensure it does not contribute to landfill and waste.
ppropriate and sustainable textile resources
Recycling and Pollution
When textile products from ATCFAI Industries can cause pollution
- by contributing to landfill instead of recycling

Natural textile products may biodegrade over time, but synthetic products will generally never biodegrade.

Recycling of textiles can help to reduce environmental impact
- Reverse Garbage
- vintage clothing stores
- clothing recycling bins.
Pollution can also be reduced if ATCFAI Industries consider their impact on levels of air, water and land pollution.
- air pollution from manufacture and carbon in landfill
- water pollution when contaminants are released into water supplies and when colouration products are disposed of improperly
- land pollution occurs when packaging is disposed of incorrectly, chemicals in production are released into soil and when products and cut-offs are disposed of in landfill.
overnment legislation's impact
Government initiatives have led to the reduction of such pollutants released by ATCFAI Industries.
- Environmentally Hazardous Chemicals Act 1985
- Ozone Protection Act 1989
- Contaminated Land Management Act 1997
- Pesticides Act 1999
- Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2001
- Protection of the Environment Operations (Clean Air) Regulation 2002

These control the release of chemicals and substances, as well as reducing waste.
urrent issues affecting ACTFA Industries
impacting on ATCFAI
Several issues aside from environmental impacts have impacted on ATCFAI, both positively and negatively.

These include globalisation, importing and exporting, workers’ skill levels, consumer demand and manufacturing strategies.
Globalisation of design, manufacture, distribution and marketing
Global migration, trade, culture and communication have expanded the opportunities for ATCFAI
- improved and increased ability to network globally

Designers have opportunity to collaborate


Ability for people all over the world to abuse intellectual property and copyright
Decreased manufacturing costs because of the availability of cheaper off-shore manufacturing


Loss of Australian jobs
Decrease in availability of technical textiles qualifications and the need for workers skilled in textiles manufacture
Distribution channels have massively expanded

Ability for ATCFAI to sell products worldwide and source materials from almost anywhere


Increased costs for businesses and consumers
Increased energy used in transportation of textiles products
Greater opportunity to expand business operations and market reach


Increased the competition for sales
Import and export
Import and export assistance has been provided to improve the ATCFAI chances of remaining a viable competitor in the global market

-Product Diversification Scheme
- ‘Export Hubs’

Helping businesses enter and develop markets that will bring more income into the country.
Skill level of workers
Rapid changes in the ATCFAI = need for re-training and re-skilling.
Government has developed schemes that assist workers and businesses to keep up.

Effective means to keeping ATCFAI and their employees afloat, but improving the skill level of workers can only have a limited positive impact
- availability of overseas outsourcing
Changing consumer demands and lifestyle
Changing consumer demands and lifestyle
- keep the ATCFAI Industries on their toes
- demand constant innovation
- creating pressure on businesses to remain competitive

Current trends ATCFAI Industries must keep up with
- sunsafe clothing
- organic clothing
- variety of clothing sizes
- short fashion cycles
- performance fabrics

New market opportunities are opening up, yet there is more pressure
Manufacturing strategies, niche and mass-produced goods
More pressure and competition in the global marketplace
ATCFAI must adopt
Textile production moving offshore = ATCFAI cannot compete over price

Must focus on high quality standards and customer service, innovation and niche marketing to survive

Diversification of product ranges could also help, as could foreign direct investment, joint ventures and other strategic business management strategies
Unfortunately, for some businesses within the ATCFAI, there is little opportunity and limited resources

Many smaller companies, as well as companies selling mass-produced goods that can be produced cheaper elsewhere may be forced to close down and give up their share of the market to overseas companies
Dismal outlook for many businesses and designers within the ATCFAI
Opportunity for those that take the risk and venture into new markets, product lines and research and development that leads to innovation and differentiation
Opportunity lies also in the creation of textiles that cater to consumers that are increasingly environmentally-focused
ATCFAI can benefit from understanding the changing market they operate in
Board of Studies NSW (2009). Textiles and design stage 6 syllabus. Sydney, Australia: Board of Studies.
Castle, C. (2012). Textiles and Design preliminary and HSC. Australia: Nelson Australia Pty Ltd.

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