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Life Before and After the Industrial Revolution

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by

Anna Merryman

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of Life Before and After the Industrial Revolution

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Life Before and
After
the Industrial Revolution

Before...
After...
Life in Towns...
In general, there were only small towns and villages
working land, and relying on the community for food and supplies
some were able to access imported goods
manufacturing was made easier by relying on natural resources, e.g. windmills
Not many people lived in towns.
Life in the Countryside...
Social and Housing Conditions...
Staple Industries...
Political and Social Norms...
Life in Towns...
Life in the Countryside...
Social and Housing Conditions...
Staple Industries...
Political and Social Norms...
Education was limited to the wealthy--with governesses and private tutors
several schools and universities, but not available to most people
The entire family was expected to contribute to the economic status of the family.
Women played a vital role-- although it wasn't recognised by status or earnings
Children also, from a young age, were supposed to supply for the family.
The earnings of the women and children were needed to keep the family afloat
Politics were based on land ownership and military honors won--with women and ordinary men given few rights
Life consisted of a struggle against landlords, famine, overwork, and bad luck
80% of people lived in the countryside
Subsistance farmers
Although the feudal system didn't exist, there was still reliance on the landowners by the poorer peasants.
scattered communities-- no real towns
Huge growth in city size
1695--5.5 million (population in Britain)
1801--9.3 million
1841--15.9 million
60% growth rate in 40 years
e.g. Manchester grew 6 times between 1771--1831
Living conditions were terrible!
average life expectancy of a factory worker was 17 years,
average life expectancy of a business owner was 35 years
Shrunk dramatically
A great deal of people migrated to the cities, or new cities were built in the countryside
As a result, there were very few farmers-- and they went from being subsistence to mainly providers of food for the cities
The pattern of the entire family having to work continued. The growth of the factory system contributed to this--over half of the employees were women and children.
Housing/living conditions were terrible
there was a lot of smog and smoke
Sicknesses like TB and lung diseases went rampent
unsanitary conditions

Trade began to be a large part of the economy
The most important industries prior to the revolution
tanning
milling
ironworking
Manufacturing was done in people's homes using hand tools or basic machinery
Materials used were not good quality-- people cared more about profit then about the actual customers.
The iron and textile industries boomed
The steam engine was also a major development
Improvement on transportation, communication, etc.
Banking also developed
The service industry developed-- more need for storefronts, hospitals, schools, etc.
Different classes-- of the workers and the employers-- developed and the gap between the two widened dramatically
some became very wealthy, while others lived in horrible conditions
there was, however, the addition of a middle class
Especially in Britain, the government supported the industries hugely-- they helped with tax reduction and other policies
the governments would tax imports, but release taxes on international sales, or exports-- through this, they helped Britain to be more self sufficient
e.g. Asian textiles
There was also a need for political change-- implementations of new policies, such as social welfare, labor rights, etc.
Full transcript