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Realism and Romantacism
Transcript of Realism and Romantacism
Lasted until 1880
Realistic art was seen in previous periods of history (Greek and Roman paintings)
Evolved from Romanticism
Happened when people rejected exaggerated emotions in romantic art in the 18th and 19th centuries What is it? Objects are displayed objectively
Displayed in a realistic way without interpretation
No exaggeration like in romanticism
Realistic and logical colors used
Much of the artwork during this time involved people
Featured common objects that didn't stand out Realism Artists Camille Corot: "Lake Geneva"
Honore Daumier: "The Third Class Carriage"
Gustave Courbe: "Buril at Ornans" Lake Geneva Burial at Ornans The Third-Class Carriage Critique of Lake Geneva Lake Geneva (1840-1845) is a painting by Camille Corot. The painting is oil on canvas and is 10 ¼ in x 13 7/8 in. When one looks at it one can see a clear sky with mountains that meet with the skyline. The middle ground is a calm architecture scene, without people, but just quiet buildings. The foreground is a calm body of water in front of the city with a small empty boat. On the right side there is a large tree. The colors used are cool neutral colors like blues, white, beiges, browns, purples, etc. However, the leaves on the tree do stand out as being bright green. The dominant elements are color, space, and value. The dominant principles are Balance and Contrast. The work of art displays the realistic qualities of being ordinary, everyday, a landscape, and using true to life colors. It is organized orderly into a foreground, middle ground, and background. The element color uses mostly neutral qualities because it is a landscape. The colors are realistic. The space is used strategically (fore/middle/background) to make the landscape appear proportional and realistic. Value is also used in a wide range of whites to show where light shines to deeper blues within the mountains/water. The principle balance is used in an asymmetrical way. The tree creates a large mass on the right side that contrasts with the neutral color scheme and the landscape on the left. The balance is used to make the space on the left side add up to the large mass of the tree. Contrast is used in the values with the lights and darks and with the neutral color scheme against the bright green tree. The artwork is supposed to show calm and tranquility within nature, demonstrating the characteristic of using landscape which was a major part of realism. The calm water, clear sky, healthy tree, and lack of population give off that calming feeling. Contrast is used between the buildings and sky and the building and calm water. However, the contrast reflects calmness and tranquility because the colors are neutral and true to life which is another characteristic or realism.
This is a successful piece of art. It consistently displays the characteristics of the realism movement, which are; realistic objects, true to life colors, and landscape. It doesn’t display the romantic qualities that the realism movement tried to avoid, which were; exaggerated emotion and personal interpretation. The artwork does look realistic with the organized and orderly space usage. The colors are realistic colors that would be observed in a landscape. The elements/principles were used well because the objects, space, and colors are realistic. The work makes one feel calm. The quality is good because it is in fact realistic. I like the piece of art and the color scheme and contrast are my favorite elements.
Sources "Art History: Realism." World WideArt Resources. N.p., 22 Sept 2009. Web. 8 Apr 2010.
Hamilton,George. 19th and 20th Century Art. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publisher, 483. Print.
"Realism." Huntfor. N.p., 2007. Web. 8 Apr 2010.
"Realism (arts)." Wikipedia. N.p., 21 March 2010. Web. 8 Apr 2010.