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The 1798 Rebellion in Ireland

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 14 February 2018

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Transcript of The 1798 Rebellion in Ireland

Causes of the 1798 Rising
Rebellion in Ireland
1) The Power of the Protestant Ascendancy
At the end of the 18th century, Ireland was ruled by a parliament in Dublin that was under the control of Great Britain.
The Irish parliament was controlled by the Protestant Ascendancy, that is, by members of the Church of Ireland.
Even though they made up only 15% of the population, they owned most of the land of Ireland, which they got during the plantations.
2) Catholic and Presbyterian Discontent
The Protestant Ascendancy used the penal laws to maintain its power.
These were laws that discriminated against Catholics and Presbyterians.
Catholics who formed 75% of the population, lived all over Ireland, but Presbyterians, who formed 10% lived mainly in Ulster.
After 1770, some of the penal laws were abolished (repealed).
However, Catholics and Presbyterians still protested about the remaining laws.
They also had to pay tithes to support the Anglican clergy.
3) Poverty in the Countryside
The majority of people in Ireland lived in the countryside.
Most of the people were tenant farmers and landless labourers.
The population of Ireland doubled in the 18th century, so many farms were subdivided.
Many people were very badly off.
Agrarian (rural) societies, such as the Whiteboys, were formed to protest against high rents and tithes.
4) The Influence of the American and French Revolutions
The events of the American and the French Revolutions created great excitement in Ireland.
The Americans had won their independence from Britain, and this was an example for some in Ireland who wanted the Irish parliament to have more power.
Up to 40,000 Ulster-Scots had migrated to America in the years prior to the War of Independence.
Many people in Ulster, especially, were sympathetic to America.
There was also the success of the Irish in winning legislative independence for the Irish parliament.
In the case of the French Revolution, the French principles of liberty, equality and fraternity were popular, especially among the Presbyterians of Belfast.
In 1791, the anniversary of the fall of Bastille was celebrated in Belfast and Dublin.
Some political leaders wanted the French revolutionary principles put into practice in Ireland.
Learning Intention
At the end of this lesson you will be able to list the causes of the Rising in 1798.
What were the causes of the American Revolution?

What were the causes of the French Revolution?
5) Founding of United Irishmen
This led to the founding of the United Irishmen in Belfast.
Soon after this, the outbreak of the war between Britain and France in 1794 had important influences on Ireland.
Full transcript