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English History 1564-1616
Transcript of English History 1564-1616
English History 1564-1616
William Shakespeare was born April 23, 1564 and passed away April 23, 1616.
Many historical events occurred in England throughout his lifetime.
Some of these events probably even had some impression on his works... Zeitgeist... Spirit of the time
The first theatre opens in London... "The Great Theatre"
Built by the English actor and entrepreneur James Burbage, father of the great actor and friend of Shakespeare, Richard Burbage.
This surely played a significant role in Shakespeare's life, and it more than likely influenced his future career of writing some of the world's most famous plays.
Francis Drake sails around the world.
Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation.
The Spanish Armada is defeated.
The Spanish Armada consisted of 128 ships carrying 29,522 sailors. The British fleet consisted of 116 large ships and numerous coastal vessels.On the morning of the 21st, elements of the British fleet attacked superior Spanish forces to forestall their landing troops. The British fleet succeeded in sowing confusion amongst the Spanish fleet, causing many a Spanish ship to collide . The fight continued on and off for 5 days and the Spanish Armarda decided to withdraw and go back to Spain.
The East India Company is founded as an English and later British joint-stock company
The company rose to account for half of the world's trade, particularly trade in basic commodities that included cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, tea, and opium. The company also ruled the beginnings of the British Empire in India.
The company received a Royal Charter from Queen Elizabeth, making it the oldest among several similarly formed European East India Companies. Wealthy merchants and aristocrats owned the Company's shares. The government owned no shares and had only indirect control.
Jamestown, the first successful British colony in North America is founded.
On May 14, 1607, a group of roughly 100 members of a joint venture called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River. Famine, disease and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years brought Jamestown to the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies in 1610.
The King James Bible is published.
It is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England that began in 1604 and was completed in 1611.
James I convened the Hampton Court Conference where a new English version was conceived in response to the perceived problems of the earlier translations as detected by the Puritans, a faction within the Church of England. The translation is widely considered a towering achievement in English literature, as both beautiful and scholarly.