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Council was established in 1951 in the treaty of creation the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) as the "Special Council of Ministers" and had very limited powers.
Its present name of 'Council of the European Union' the institute adopted in 1993, following the establishment of the European Union by the Maastricht Treaty, which strengthened the Council with the addition of more intergovernmental elements.
The European Economic and Social Committee
EESC was established by the Treaty of Rome of 1957 in order to unite different economic interest groups to establish a Single Market and it brings together business and trade union leaders, along with representatives of farmers, consumers and other groups that make up organised civil society to discuss economic and business policies.
It is one of two consultative bodies of the European Union (the other is the Committee of the Regions). The European Commission and European Parliament have to consult the EESC before making decisions but they are under no obligation to take its advice.
July 14-18, 2013
The team members
EU institutions to visit
European External Action Service
Council of the EU
World Customs Organization
EuropeanEconomic and Social Committee
Committee of Regions
Too much fun
The best 4 days of our lives
How was it?
But we will focus our attention on 2 EU institutions:
Council of the EU
European Economic and Social Committee
Here we are
The Minister who chairs the meeting and
is a member of the government of the State
holding the Presidency of the Council is called the President of the Council. Each
Member State holds the Presidency for six
months on a rotating basis
In addition to having to cope with a large
number of Council meetings, the Presidency
also organises informal meetings. These
meetings, which are held in the country of
the Presidency, are more relaxed occasions
and are opportunities for freer debate on
general issues; it is important to stress that no
formal decisions can be taken at an informal
Objectives and nature of the Council
The Council’s work is partly legislative and partly executive. In some areas, the Council wields ultimate legislative power, with the European Parliament acting in an advisory role. However, in most areas of legislative activity, the Council co-legislates with the European Parliament, with both institutions having real powers to influence the outcome of the legislative process. When deliberating on matters of foreign policy (on positions towards third States, or launching military or civilian crises management operations) or in police cooperation matters, the Council is more akin to a collective executive-type body
Through informal conventions, practices and working methods, Member State governments seek to shape policy outcomes to render them more politically presentable and acceptable for their national parliaments and electorates.
At the different Council meetings very senior
officials – members of Coreper (Permanent
Representatives Committee) will always be
found at their Ministers’ side. They are a key
element in the Council machinery.
The 27 members of Coreper are the permanent representatives of the Member
States’ governments in Brussels and play a
crucial role in preparing the Council’s work.
Coreper occupies a special position in the
Council hierarchy, because it has the final
say in the preparation of Council proceedings, but other committees are also very
There are currently ten formations:
• General Affairs (GAC)
• Foreign Affairs (FAC)
• Economic and Financial Affairs (Ecofin)
• Agriculture and Fisheries (Agrifish)
• Justice and Home Affairs Council (JHA)
• Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO)
• Competitiveness (COCOM)
• Transport, Telecommunications and Energy (TTE)
• Environment (ENVI)
• Education, Youth, Culture and Sport (EYC)
The Council at work
Phase One: examining the proposal
The Presidency, with the assistance of the
Secretariat, identifies and convenes the
appropriate working party.
This working party begins with a general
examination of the proposal and then makes
a line-by-line scrutiny. There is no formal
limit on the time a working party can take
to complete its work; that varies very much
from one proposal to another.
Phase Two: enter Coreper
Coreper takes up the issue after receiving a report from the working party.
Its treatment of the proposal will depend on how much agreement has been reached at that level.
If Coreper has been able to agree a proposal,
it will become an “A” item on the Council
agenda, meaning that agreement is expected
without discussion. As a rule, around two
thirds of the items on a Council agenda will
be for adoption as “A” items.
Other items are entered into the “B” section of the Council agenda. “B” items are matters:
left over from previous Council meetings;
upon which no agreement was possible in Coreper or the working party;
too politically sensitive to be settledat a lower level.
Decisions are taken by voting. Each state has various amount of votes depending on the population rates.
There are 3 kinds of voting:
Simple majority ( 50% or more)
Qualified majority (2/3 or more)
The EESC has a 344 member assembly made up of representatives nominated by member states’ governments for terms of four years. The Committee meets eight or nine times a year and in six subcommittees dealing with particular areas of business and economic policy. It elects a President and two VicePresidents every two years.
The members of the Committee are divided into three groups representing employers, workers and other interests. The groups vote in blocs and on many issues the employers’ and workers’ groups oppose each other, giving the third group the casting vote.
and voting process
The EU is not just an economic organisation – it has social responsibility – and the EESC has an important role in representing the views of the wider society.
The EESC is a bridge between the EU and its citizens, promoting a more participatory, inclusive and democratic European society.
It enables communication between similar interest groups in different countries – breaking down cultural barriers
The EESC maintains old fashioned corporatist practices which damage economic performance.
The EESC creates bureaucracy rather than tackling the concerns of special interest groups.
The competing concerns of different interest groups and countries means that the Committee rarely reaches a consensus.
The Committee has six sections:
Agriculture, Rural Development and the Environment (NAT)
Economic and Monetary Union and Economic and Social Cohesion (ECO)
Employment, Social Affairs and Citizenship (SOC)
External Relations (REX)
The Single Market, Production and Consumption (INT)
Transport, Energy, Infrastructure and the Information Society (TEN)
We also had a lot of fun exploring Belgium and Europe
and Grand Place
Thank you EUBAM staff, European Union, Daria, Elena, Ronan, EU officials and lecturers, guys from all over Ukraine and Moldova, random people we met in Belgium for the best 5 days in our lives! These memories will be kept for ages!
The team #3, EUBAM
Responsibilities were divided between the most active part of the group, namely:
Igor Kyryliuk ( organization of the team work, technical part of the presentation)
Olexandra Kubrak ( responsible for materials on EESC)
Elina Balagura ( responsible for draft notes on both EESC and CoEU)
Kate Kochergina ( Responsible for materials on CoEU)