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Transcript of Basic Photography
Hands On Coaching
Shutter Speed Priority
Use ISO Adjustment
Tilt Shift Lens
Ultra Wide Angle Lens
Telephoto Zoom Lens
What is the best Camera to buy?
Are the features in that camera will
be enough for the subject of your
Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras
are the widely used cameras in the market
so far for either hobbyist or professionals.
Will it fit its purpose?
Types of Camera
Point & Shoot
Single Lens Reflex (SLR)
SLR Medium Format
Large Format (5 x 4 Camera)
Instant Camera / Polaroid
Choice of Lenses
Ultra Wide Angle (20mm below)
Wide Angle (24 - 35mm)
Normal Lens (50 - 80mm)
Telephoto (100 - 300mm)
Super Telephoto (400mm above)
Warming / Cooling Filters
Remote Flash Trigger
The size of opening in the lens when taking pictures
The amount of time that the shutter is open
The measurement of the sensor's sensitivity to light
Any changes on these 3 will affect the each other in terms of getting the exposure
What Aperture Does?
Aperture is measured in f-stop
Think of the aperture number as
fraction on which the smaller
the number, the bigger the
Controls the “depth of field”
f/1.8, f/4, f/8, f/16 (1.8 is bigger than 16)
Depth of Field - is the amount of picture that is in focus
What shutter speed does?
Shutter Speed controls the motion of the picture
For instance, slower shutter speed (1/50) gives motion blur on fast moving subjects.
On the other-hand, fast shutter speed (1/500) freezes fast moving subjects.
Also, slower shutter speed such as 1 second below allows you to take a photograph at night without using flash but a sturdy tripod is needed.
What does ISO does?
ISO gives you noise/grain in the picture.
It also allows you to shoot photo in fast speed without tripod.
But higher ISO makes the picture a bit grainy.
The lower the number the lower the sensor’s sensitivity to light
The higher the number the more grain/noise it produces
When to adjust ISO?
Check first the scene condition:
Light - is the subject well lit?
Grain - do i want grainy shot or without noise?
Tripod - am i using a tripod?
Moving Subject - is the subject moving or stationary?
If the subject is well lit, i am using a tripod, subject is stationary, and i dont want a grainy shot. You should stick to lowest ISO of 100 or 200 (depends on camera)
If subject is not well lit, not using a tripod, subject is moving. Then, you probably pump your ISO to a higher number.
Situations that you might need to increase the ISO:
Indoor Sports Events - this is where the subject is moving and the subject is not well lit.
Concert - the area has low in light and sometimes flash is not allowed.
Art Galleries, Museum, Churches - these places doesn’t allow Flash Photography.
In general, you’ll adjust ISO if you cannot use the settings you like for aperture/shutter speed under the lighting condition.
Rule of Thirds
When do we use Aperture?
As defined earlier, aperture defines the depth of field. The control of Depth of Field comes handy if we want to isolate a subject or get the whole picture in focus.
When do we use Shutter Speed?
We use the Shutter Speed Setting when we want to freeze a fast moving subject or to make create a picture with motion blur.
When do we adjust the ISO?
Mirrorless cameras are now being famous with photographers specially who are interested in street photography and for those who wants to travel light.