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Basic Photography

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by

Wayne Cruz

on 20 September 2014

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Transcript of Basic Photography

Basic PHOTOGRAPHY
Equipment
Exposure
Introduction to
Composition

Hands On Coaching
Camera
Exposure Triangle
Aperture Priority
Shutter Speed Priority
Use ISO Adjustment
Focusing/Recompose

Lenses
Accessories
Macro Lens
Tilt Shift Lens
Fisheye Lens
Other Lenses
Ultra Wide Angle Lens
Zoom Lens
Telephoto Zoom Lens
Prime Lens
What is the best Camera to buy?
Are the features in that camera will
be enough for the subject of your
interest?
Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras
are the widely used cameras in the market
so far for either hobbyist or professionals.
Will it fit its purpose?
Types of Camera
Point & Shoot
Single Lens Reflex (SLR)
Range Finder
SLR Medium Format
Large Format (5 x 4 Camera)
Instant Camera / Polaroid
Choice of Lenses
Ultra Wide Angle (20mm below)
Wide Angle (24 - 35mm)
Normal Lens (50 - 80mm)
Telephoto (100 - 300mm)
Super Telephoto (400mm above)
Special Lenses
Macro Lens
Fisheye Lens
Tilt/Shift Lens
Accessories
Filters
Softening Filter
Warming / Cooling Filters
Polarizer
Special Filters
Extension Tubes
Teleconverter
Lens Hood
Support
Tripod
MonoPod
Flash
Remote Triggers
Remote Flash Trigger
Exposure Meter
Carrying Bags
Memory Card
Cleaning Accessories
Accessories
Exposure Triangle
APERTURE
The size of opening in the lens when taking pictures
SHUTTER SPEED
The amount of time that the shutter is open
ISO
The measurement of the sensor's sensitivity to light
Any changes on these 3 will affect the each other in terms of getting the exposure
Aperture
What Aperture Does?
Aperture is measured in f-stop
Think of the aperture number as
fraction on which the smaller
the number, the bigger the
aperture.
Controls the “depth of field”
f/1.8, f/4, f/8, f/16 (1.8 is bigger than 16)
Depth of Field - is the amount of picture that is in focus
Shutter Speed
What shutter speed does?
Shutter Speed controls the motion of the picture
For instance, slower shutter speed (1/50) gives motion blur on fast moving subjects.
On the other-hand, fast shutter speed (1/500) freezes fast moving subjects.
Also, slower shutter speed such as 1 second below allows you to take a photograph at night without using flash but a sturdy tripod is needed.
ISO
What does ISO does?
ISO gives you noise/grain in the picture.
It also allows you to shoot photo in fast speed without tripod.
But higher ISO makes the picture a bit grainy.
The lower the number the lower the sensor’s sensitivity to light
The higher the number the more grain/noise it produces
ISO
When to adjust ISO?
Check first the scene condition:
Light - is the subject well lit?
Grain - do i want grainy shot or without noise?
Tripod - am i using a tripod?
Moving Subject - is the subject moving or stationary?
If the subject is well lit, i am using a tripod, subject is stationary, and i dont want a grainy shot. You should stick to lowest ISO of 100 or 200 (depends on camera)
If subject is not well lit, not using a tripod, subject is moving. Then, you probably pump your ISO to a higher number.
ISO
Situations that you might need to increase the ISO:
Indoor Sports Events - this is where the subject is moving and the subject is not well lit.
Concert - the area has low in light and sometimes flash is not allowed.
Art Galleries, Museum, Churches - these places doesn’t allow Flash Photography.
In general, you’ll adjust ISO if you cannot use the settings you like for aperture/shutter speed under the lighting condition.
Rule of Thirds
Leading Lines
Vantage Point
When do we use Aperture?
Camera Function
As defined earlier, aperture defines the depth of field. The control of Depth of Field comes handy if we want to isolate a subject or get the whole picture in focus.
When do we use Shutter Speed?
We use the Shutter Speed Setting when we want to freeze a fast moving subject or to make create a picture with motion blur.
Camera Function
When do we adjust the ISO?
Camera Function
Mirrorless cameras are now being famous with photographers specially who are interested in street photography and for those who wants to travel light.
In-Camera Metering
Full transcript