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Vocabulary in Context

Introduction to strategies for vocabulary in context questions
by

Michael Bradley

on 28 November 2010

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Transcript of Vocabulary in Context

Vocabulary in Context Using your contextual resources
to determine a word's meaning Words can have several meanings or purposes There are many context clues
IN THE PASSAGE Is the word used positively? Or negatively? Knowing this helps eliminate
incorrect choices. The student was ecstatic on finding out that
he had been accepted into the university of his choice. After he read the acceptance letter, he screamed and jumped up and down in excitement.

ECSTATIC most nearly means...
A) very happy
B) upset
C) content
D) angry

Synonyms: words that have the same or similar meanings. Excitement = Ecstatic Consider the entire context. Look for commas or dashes The cut on the child's knee was SUPERFICIAL,
only breaking the skin.

The word superficial most nearly means
A. scratching the surface
B. very painful
C. nonexistent
D. obvious to see Antonyms: words that mean the opposite. Fred and Mel Blonde are twins, but they are as different from each other as people can be. Fred is very BOISTEROUS. Mel is just the opposite; he's very quiet. Fred is usually a cheerful person; however, Mel is usually SULLEN. What does boisterous mean?
How about sullen?
Compare Fred and Mel. The author might also
provide examples. In this year's English class, we
studied several GENRES, including
poetry, historical fiction, biographies,
and folktales. What are genres? The word may not be used in the way that you know. After work, Jim and his friend met at the bar.

The driver could not go through the tollbooth
because there was a bar in the way. Meanings change depending on context Look for multiple context clues. There is a specific way to
approach vocabulary in
context questions. First, locate the word in the
passage. Get the context. Make a prediction about the definition based on your context clues. Eliminate incorrect answers. PLUG IN the answer that you choose to
see if it makes sense Review Compiled by M. Bradley, Basic Skills Learning Center
Queensborough Community College, June 2010 The student was ecstatic on finding out that
he had been accepted into the university of his choice. After he read the acceptance letter, he screamed and jumped up and down in excitement.

ECSTATIC most nearly means...
A) very happy
B) upset
C) content
D) angry The student was ecstatic on finding out that
he had been accepted into the university of his choice. After he read the acceptance letter, he screamed and jumped up and down in excitement.

ECSTATIC most nearly means...
A) very happy
B) upset
C) content
D) angry Comma Information comma example example example example When coming to a new country, many
immigrants attempt to retain part of their culture, continuing to practice their religious beliefs and traditional customs.

The word retain most nearly means:
a) get rid of
b) import
c) hold onto
d) apply When coming to a new country, many
immigrants attempt to get rid of part of their culture, continuing to practice their religious beliefs and traditional customs. When coming to a new country, many
immigrants attempt to hold onto part of their culture, continuing to practice their religious beliefs and traditional customs. synonym example - comma Look for Context Clues. One word can have several meanings. Answer questions with a
specific method.
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