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Choosing targets for intervention.... Which way to turn?
Transcript of Choosing targets for intervention.... Which way to turn?
Focuses on speech sound patterns
Should you intervene?
Standardized Test Data
Effects on occupational or educational performance
Self-concept or parental concerns
Focuses on the mechanics of producing individual speech sound targets.
Consider the nature of the beast
Severity and intelligibility
By 24 months, a child’s speech should be 26%-50% intelligible
By 36 months a child’s speech should be more than 70% intelligible to unfamiliar adults
By 4 years of age, a child’s speech should be 100% intelligible to adults, even if differences are present
Auditory discrimination is important
Begin where the client's skills are
Goals are: awareness of phoneme characteristics, recognizing misarticulations, production, and stabilization
: Series of sounds that progressively approximate the target
: Clinician gives models
: Client is shown how to move articulators
Modification of other sounds
: Gradually moving articulators while client produces a sound
: Generalizing from a word in which the sound is correct
Modes of Intervention
Types of errors
Impact on intelligibility/Frequently Occurring Sounds
Phonemes Client Desires to Change
Features or patterns that are stimulable
Features or patterns that most affect intelligibility
Consistency of the features or patterns
Take advantage of sounds that are correct in other patterns