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Chapter 3: Surveying the Books of the Bible

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on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 3: Surveying the Books of the Bible

Chapter 3:
Jesus Christ: God's Revelation to the World

Surveying the Books of the Bible
Formation of the Old Testament
Formation of the New Testament
Jewish Scriptures
The Tanakh
Hebrew for "that which is read"
Has Three parts
Torah
Nebium
Ketubim
Hebrew for "teachings"
The Torah are the first five books of the bible
meaning the teaching of Moses
they are the basis of all Jewish law and custom
Hebrew word for "prophets"
Hebrew word for "writings"
includes Psalms, and Wisdom literature and everything that came later
Old Testament
Pentateuch
First Five Books of the Bible
Same as the "Torah"
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Historical
These books tell how the Hebrew people lived out the Torah
Joshua
Judges
1&2 Samuel
1& 2 Kings
Ezra
Nehemiah
Ruth
Esther

1&2 Maccabees
Judith
Tobit
Wisdom
Prophets
These are poems, prayers and stories that tell us how to live.
Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Songs
Sirach (Ben Sira)
Wisdom
These were written about powerful figures who spoke for God, YHWH, about how to act and what to do
Worship the one, true God
Accept God's love and mercy
Be just
Know that God wins
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Amos
Joel
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Lamentations
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
Baruch
3000 BC
Hieroglyphic writing is invented
2000 BC
1000 BC
1000 AD
2000 AD
Abraham and Sarah
arrive in Canaan
Last of the apostles dies
Septuagint (586)
Moses
* most was written between 950-100 BC
Translated into Greek in 586
The 7 books that make up the Deuterocanon, which Christ used and Catholics consider canonical were written in Greek after the Babylonian Exile
Most was first handed down orally
Stage One
Stage Two
Stage Three
Traditionally said to be written by Moses
spans from pre-historic period to the death of Moses
from 1020 BC (Joshua) to 142 (the Maccabean Revolt)
Life of Jesus Christ
Born in Bethlehem
Grew up in Nazareth, a carpenter's son
Was crucified by Pontius Pilot around 30 AD
Oral Tradition
Apostles carry on the message of Jesus: who is the new covenant
Didache
catechetical instruction for those who accepted Jesus
=teaching
Kerygma
=preaching to unbelievers
the hook
the initial proclamation designed to introduce a person to Christ and to appeal for their conversion
doctrinal or moral teaching for those who are already disciples
Liturgy
=worship of Christians
"prima theologia"
liturgy teaches in a different way because it teaches the whole person, body and soul through actions, signs and symbols
The New Testament Writings
1. The end of the world was not coming as soon as they thought
2. Distortions to the Gospel were occuring
3. Church was growing; more instruction was needed
Why?
Gospels
Matthew (80-90AD)
Mark (60-75AD)
Luke (85AD)
John (90-110AD)
Acts of the Apostles
written the same time as Luke
is really a continuation of Luke's Gospel
Pauline Letters
13 Letters written by Paul
50-80AD
Letter to the Hebrews
sometimes considered a Pauline letter, but was probably written by another disciple
Catholic Epistles
James
Peter
Jude
John
written for the whole Church by the apostles
Revelation of John
written around 96 AD
The Old Testament is the Jewish Scripture
In Greek it is called the "Pentateuch"
Major Prophets
Minor Prophets
Full transcript