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To what extent is human trafficking wrong?

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by

Mikhela Bakle

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of To what extent is human trafficking wrong?

Why is an individual not allowed to make decisions when it comes to matters of their own body?
definition of prostitution: the practice or occupation of engaging in sexual activity with someone for payment
definition of ethics: moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior
not all who enter prostitution do it unwillingly
reasons for consenting to work as prostitutes:
easy money
no other choices
sexual curiosity
drug addicts
"We chose sex work after we did a lot of things we couldn't stand. Sex work is better." -Veronica Monet, Prostitute and Author in Gauntlet Magazine 1994
Although outsiders may not view their decisions as being morally sound, it is ultimately their decision. If they wish to pursue this job choice, knowing the consequences and willing except them, then who are we to judge or stop them?
How Can we Judge what is Ethically Sound in Accordance to Other People's Choices?
Ways to eliminate human trafficking.
Human trafficking is also know as modern day slavery, how do human sciences support or deny this?
Slavery before the civil war has close to the same effects on the victims then as the victims of human trafficking today
physical, physiological and especially emotional damage
The drugs that are involved when being trafficked are border-line lethal
This coupled with physical abuse will cause extreme physiological damage to not only women or children, but anyone
Drugs are used to subdue any chance the victims have of fighting back and or rebelling, it also fogs their judgement so they cannot act on their instincts to get away
Slavery from the past and human trafficking have very similar qualities from the human sciences stand point because of the way both are abused and the trauma that both cause tot he victims
Mikhela Bakle
Joshua Goraum
Sam Shaw
To what extent is human trafficking ethically wrong?
Works Cited
Ethics:
Definition: moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior
Involuntary "renting" of someone else's body to another is seen as very morally wrong because it is not your body to do so
So why do people do this is if is immoral?
they only want to better themselves
they do not care about others
because they can get away with it
Forcing someone to do something, especially if it harms them is considered immoral because our conscience should be telling us to help others in order to make the world better, not harm others just to help ourselves
Example: Forcing a child to eat their veggies is not morally wrong because it is to better them but forcing someone to do unpaid labor just for your our benefit (slavery) is morally wrong because it goes against free will
Side note- many girls are drugged so they do not know right and wrong and are coerced to "volunteering" to so something they would not normally do
http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/S-HCS/HCS-07-0-000-13-Web/S-HCS-07-1-000-13-Abst-PDF/S-HCS-07-1-049-13-189-Idang-G-E/S-HCS-07-1-049-13-189-Idang-G-E-Tt.pdf
http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/2013/March/prostitution-and-human-trafficking
http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000115
http://nightlightinternational.com/resources/facts-about-prostitution/
http://sciencenordic.com/what-drives-prostitute
http://humantrafficking.unc.edu/frequently-asked-questions/
http://www.cicatelli.org/titlex/downloadable/human%20trafficking%20statistics.pdf
http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-human-trafficking
http://www.soroptimist.org/trafficking/faq.html
http://www.alternet.org/civil-liberties/10-surprising-and-counterintuitive-facts-about-child-sex-trafficking
http://www.sinlung.com/2011/04/condom-ad-fuelling-sex-trafficking.html
http://uwire.com/2011/09/06/column-todays-society-devalues-meaning-of-sex/
http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=38930
http://thesocietypages.org/sexuality/
http://voices.yahoo.com/why-does-sex-sell-todays-society-560011.html
http://www.sinlung.com/2011/04/condom-ad-fuelling-sex-trafficking.html
http://www.pbs.org/arts/gallery/art21-art-headlines/art21-art-headlines-gender-sexuality-slideshow/
Sexuality and it's Acceptance in Society
Counterclaim:
there are cases of forced prostitution
pimping
abuse as childhood distorts self image
compliance does not equate to consent
former sex slaves
Dangers of Prostitution:
sexually transmitted diseases
psychological harm
acute anxiety
depression
insomnia
flashbacks
emotional numbing
resorting to drugs as coping mechanisms
exploitation
Claims:

In the event that the act of prostitution is legalized, the number of illegal sex slaves will greatly diminish. The idea behind this is that once the business is legalized it will be easier to access and the illegal trades will lose almost all previous value.
To stop the trafficking, governments (both state and local) have teamed up to enforce laws and regulations. This applies to all forms of trafficking, not just the cases involved with the sex trade industry. In order to enforce the laws, heavy fines and punishments have been placed on anyone involved in the trade.
The most efficient way to prevent the illegal smuggling of individuals is to raise the awareness of the community to the problem. Once kidnapped, it is much more harder to help the victims.
Background on Sex Trafficking
definition of human trafficking:
sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or
the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. (from the Trafficking Victims’ Protection Act (2000, 2003, 2005, 2008))
Victims:
Adult women make up the largest group
followed by girl children
small percentage of men and boys (yet growing)
In societies where women and girls are undervalued or not valued at all, women are at greater risk
Can happen anywhere to anyone
Organized crime is largely responsible for the spread of international human trafficking
sex trafficking can be extremely lucrative
How does it occur?
tricked ad coerced
once in the custody of traffickers, a victim's passport and official papers are confiscated and held
trapped into debt bondage
stages of degradation and physical and psychological torture
deprived of food and sleep, are unable to move about freely, and are physically tortured
told their families and their children will be harmed or murdered
forcibly raped by the traffickers
drugged in order to prevent them from escaping
Counterclaims:

Despite the legalization of prostitution, the business of illegal trafficking will almost always me more cost effective. Doing this would only increase the amount of exposure the typical person will experience to sexual subject matter.
As can be seen in many other illegal actions, government regulation will do very little to actually stop or prevent criminals from carrying out their actions. As long as the money is there, the business will persist.
Awareness to the issues seldom carry any significant change and often the attention dies out as quick as it flared up.
Definition of sexuality: the sexual habits and desires of a person
In today's society we are surrounded by sexual images
TV show:
Real World
Teen Mom
The Secret Life of an American Teenager
Celebrity Role Models
Innuendo
Magazines
Sports Illustrated
Playboy
Explicit and casual treatment of sex and sexuality in our modern society is predominant
An Indian condom company used the message "it doesn't matter which sex worker you choose, but choose the right condom" in one of it's ads.
This ad promotes the idea that intercourse with a sex worker is not only acceptable, but encouraged.
Companies such as this one are solely concerned with economic opportunity and not basic human rights. This thought process may become more prevalent as people become comfortable with the idea of sexual activity.
Sexuality in Televised Shows
The Thin Line Between Pornography and Arts
Definition of pornography: printed or visual material containing the explicit description or display of sexual organs or activity, intended to stimulate erotic rather than aesthetic or emotional feelings
Legal to 18 and above
Child pornography illegal
Religious perspective: immoral
Islam
Direct opposition with the very heart of Islamic teachings
Focused on how to gain a better self-control in order to increase spiritual awareness and prepare the soul to accept Allah
Judaism
Halakhah states that sexually arousing images are to be avoided
Many prohibitions regarding sexual behaviors
Christianity
Indulgence of lust (sin)
Teen Mom:
As the name may suggest, Teen Mom is a show that focuses on the lifestyles of teenagers that are parenting a child.
This show is alluring to many viewers because it is very accepting of free sexual expression. While it may contain a few messages meant to teach youth the consequences that can come with their actions, they have a very marginal role in the show's success.
In the televised world, tension over sexually themed programs are usually split fairly even. Many feel that the subject is too inappropriate for the intended audience, while others feel that it is an expression of simple human emotion and that those that partake in said activity should be respected like any other person.
Overall the availability of sexually themed material is left up to the digression of the customer. If they want to remove channels with these programs they often can.
Is There such a Thing as Too Far
As we become more accustomed with pornographic images around us, our inner conscious along with our moral compass can become distorted
start to push boundaries of acceptable imagery
art perspective:
claim: artists should be able to be free to express themselves in any way that they wish
“…sometimes art is not beautiful, and sometimes it’s challenging, and sometimes it’s even offensive, and yet it can be art, even if it’s all those things”-Dennis Barrie
counterclaim: many people find the nude body offensive and consider the images to be pornographic in nature
The Difference
Society is becoming more and more liberal causing people's morals to be called into question and altered under societal influence and pressure.
The gradual acceptance of sexual activity has inevitably corrupted the intentions of the activity, promoting ones individual interests rather than the interests of the world as a whole.
When this causes harm to another in any form, then it becomes unethical and unacceptable, such as the case in sex trafficking
On the other hand, when no harm comes to anyone, such as in nude art pieces, then it is believed to be ethically acceptable
Sex and Society
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