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The First Fleet
Transcript of The First Fleet
Landing on Australia and the challenges they faced
However Botany Bay was deemed to be unsuitable for settlement due to its lack of fresh water, and poor soil to grow any crops.
So they sailed North to the Australian East coast of Port Jackson on 26th January 1788.
How did they treat Aboriginals
Aboriginals were slaughtered and forced onto reserves. They were dispossessed of their land, despised and mocked for their culture and murdered. They were thought to be heathens, and treated with little respect. As the white invaders took over Aboriginal territory, they were forced into harsher and harsher bush land, and lost much of their wildlife, which was a major food source.
How did the Aboriginals find these invaders
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people lived thousands of years without out ever seeing other humans. After Capatain Cook landed on Australia and declared the land to be the Europeans without taking any recognition of the Aboriginals already living on the land. The settlers encountered the Indigineous communtities, they used their spears to try and frighten the English, but the English had guns. Conflict between the Indigenous people and the English continued as the visitors took over more and more land for farming and housing. Many indigineous people were killed by the English and many were forced off their ancestral land and became displaced.
The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships that left England on the 13th May 1787 to found the settlement of convicts that became the first European settlement in Australia.
Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships.
Captain James Cook discovered the east coast of New Holland in 1770 and named it New South Wales. He sailed the whole of the coast and reported to the British government that he thought it would make a good place for settlement. Britain did not recognize the country as being inhabited as the Aboriginals did not cultivate the land, and were seen as “uncivilized”.
The First Fleet
By Kaitlin Ainsworth
The populatuion in Britian exploded in the cities and resulted in increase of crime, the only way to overcome the overcrowding in the jails was to establish a penal colony in the land discovered by Captain James Cook.
Captain Arthur Phillip signaled the departure of the 11 ships which arrived at Portsmouth on the 16th March 1787. The First Fleet departed England on the 13th May 1787 stopping at tenerife, Rio and Cape town, where food supplies were replenished. 1480 men, women and children were on board, although most were British, there were also African, American and French convicts.
The fleet arrived at Botany Bay between 18-20th January 1788.
The First Fleet
Very few convicts knew how to farm and the soil around Sydney Cove was poor. Everyone, from the convicts to Captain Phillip, was on rationed food. Most of their food had to come from the supplies brought with them on the ships. As these rations started to decrese, rats, dogs, cows, an occasional kangaroo or emu were to be used to supplement the food. Shelter was also a problem. They had very little building material and the government had provided only a very limited supply of tools, which were of bad quality.
Present day for Aboriginies in Australia
The life expectancy of Aboriginals is 17-20 years less than other Australians, Aboriginal people are 17 times more likely to be arrested, 14 times more likely to be imprisoned and 16 times more likely to die in custody than non-aborigines. The suicide rate is 6 times higher for aborigines than the national average; unemployment amongst Aborigines is four times the national average. Aboriginal people are 7 times more likely to die of diabetes than other Australians. These staggering figures show that more needs to be done to improve these affected areas of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
I believe that if the English recognized that Aboriginals were human and only had different ways of living the course of society for Aboriginies would be completely different.