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History in a Glass - Short version

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by

Irina Ghaplanyan

on 12 July 2016

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Transcript of History in a Glass - Short version

Vouillamoz et al, in investigating the origins of European grapes tested 116 accessions of traditional grape cultivars from Armenia, Georgia and Turkey
Results showed that they might have some common ancestors


Identifying
Markers
Time
Wine Geography
Indigenous Varietals

Time
Origins of wine – Neolithic period
Neolithic - 10,200 BC to 4,500 BC
Today we talk only of Old and New

Historic World
Iran
Armenia
Georgia
Egypt
Israel
Palestine
Jordan
Syria
Lebanon
Greece
Turkey

Which World?
Third World?
Ancient World?
Historic World

Armenia:
Areni 1 Cave
Late Chalcolithic cave dating back to 4223-3790 BC
The oldest known winemaking setup
Organized and complete wine production was in place
Dated 4100 BC
Winemaking involved crushing clusters of grape, probably by foot. The juice would flow into buried clay jars for fermentation

History in a Glass:
Rediscovering Armenian Wine
Wine Geography
Earliest evidence –
Near East or Transcaucasus

Old World

700-800 BC
New World
350 years ago - South Africa
Historic World
The cultivation and domestication
of the grapevine appears to have
occurred between the 7th and
the 4th millennia BC, in a
geographical area between the
Black Sea and Iran – Historic World
Wine Geography
Archaeologically and chemically
confirmed evidence of winemaking
found in Armenia and modern day Iran,
as well as emerging evidence of ancient
winemaking in Georgia, place this region
into the heart of the geographic span
of the
historic world
of wine.
Wine Geography
From Near East viticulture spreads to neighboring regions such as lower Mesopotamia (the “Fertile Crescent”), then the Nile delta and the eastern Mediterranean - encompassing modern day
Armenia, Georgia, Northern Iran, Western Armenia or Modern day Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt, Cyprus, Greece and Crete.


Wine Geography
It is important to note that for political, cultural, military and religious reasons, not all the countries listed in this category produce wine today, which further reduces the list to –
Armenia, Georgia, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Cyprus and Greece.
Varietals
Varietals
The relatedness among geographically diverse sample of vinifera and sylvestris provides strong support for an origin of vinifera in the Near East: all vinifera populations are genetically closer to eastern sylvestris than to western sylvestris. (Myles et al)

Varietals
Historic Path of Armenia
Neolithic period
– sophisticated winemaking in place
Evidence of winemaking throughout
ancient and medieval period

Armenia: 19th century - Soviet Era
Late 19th century
– brandy, distillation, some winemaking
Soviet Era
– large scale planting, brandy, distillation, sweet and fortified wines

Armenia: Modern Day
1990s
– low quality table wines, sweet wines, overall neglect of the industry
2000s
– wine renaissance, large scale planting, cultivation, production of high quality dry wines
Armenian Terroir:
4 components
1. Terrain
– high elevation, extreme winemaking

Armenian Terroir
2. Soil
– volcanic, mineral rich

Armenian Terroir
3. Climate
– extreme continental (higher acidity)

Armenian Terroir
4. Tradition
– driven by terroir conditions (soil, terrain) and new technology; some reemergence of amphorae

Carving Out a New Market Niche
If successful, producers in the Historic World will be driven to work with indigenous varietals as opposed to International varietals.

Trends
Wine purism
is a leading trend today, where the market increasingly demands wines true to their locale – not only expressing the terroir but also the unique varietal
Another trend - i
ncreased demand for new wine products.


Trend
wines that tell a story

Areni 1 Cave
Thank You!
WHITES
Voskehat
Garan Dmak
Nazeli
Khatoun Khardji
Lalvari
Jrjruk
Banantz
Krdi Chakat
Chilar

Armenia: location
Viticultural Regions
of Armenia
REDS
Areni
Khndoghny (Sireni)
Kakhet
Seyrak
Movuz
Full transcript