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History in a Glass - Short version
Transcript of History in a Glass - Short version
Results showed that they might have some common ancestors
Origins of wine – Neolithic period
Neolithic - 10,200 BC to 4,500 BC
Today we talk only of Old and New
Areni 1 Cave
Late Chalcolithic cave dating back to 4223-3790 BC
The oldest known winemaking setup
Organized and complete wine production was in place
Dated 4100 BC
Winemaking involved crushing clusters of grape, probably by foot. The juice would flow into buried clay jars for fermentation
History in a Glass:
Earliest evidence –
Near East or Transcaucasus
350 years ago - South Africa
Archaeologically and chemically
confirmed evidence of winemaking
found in Armenia and modern day Iran,
as well as emerging evidence of ancient
winemaking in Georgia, place this region
into the heart of the geographic span
From Near East viticulture spreads to neighboring regions such as lower Mesopotamia (the “Fertile Crescent”), then the Nile delta and the eastern Mediterranean - encompassing modern day
Armenia, Georgia, Northern Iran, Western Armenia or Modern day Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt, Cyprus, Greece and Crete.
It is important to note that for political, cultural, military and religious reasons, not all the countries listed in this category produce wine today, which further reduces the list to –
Armenia, Georgia, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Cyprus and Greece.
The relatedness among geographically diverse sample of vinifera and sylvestris provides strong support for an origin of vinifera in the Near East: all vinifera populations are genetically closer to eastern sylvestris than to western sylvestris. (Myles et al)
Historic Path of Armenia
– sophisticated winemaking in place
Evidence of winemaking throughout
ancient and medieval period
Armenia: 19th century - Soviet Era
Late 19th century
– brandy, distillation, some winemaking
– large scale planting, brandy, distillation, sweet and fortified wines
Armenia: Modern Day
– low quality table wines, sweet wines, overall neglect of the industry
– wine renaissance, large scale planting, cultivation, production of high quality dry wines
– high elevation, extreme winemaking
– volcanic, mineral rich
– extreme continental (higher acidity)
– driven by terroir conditions (soil, terrain) and new technology; some reemergence of amphorae
Carving Out a New Market Niche
If successful, producers in the Historic World will be driven to work with indigenous varietals as opposed to International varietals.
is a leading trend today, where the market increasingly demands wines true to their locale – not only expressing the terroir but also the unique varietal
Another trend - i
ncreased demand for new wine products.
wines that tell a story
Areni 1 Cave