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Ledoux_ Canan Albayrak

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canan albayrak

on 10 June 2014

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Transcript of Ledoux_ Canan Albayrak

1806

1736
Architecture de C.N. Ledoux : premier volume, contenant des plans, elevations, coupes, vues perspect
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux : architecture and social reform at the end of the Ancien Régime
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux : architecture and utopia in the era of the French Revolution
Dormans, Marne
Champagne
Martin Drolling,
Portrait of Claude-Nicolas Ledoux,1790. Paris,
Musee Carnavalet
1763
end of Seven
Years' War
1749 - 1753
College de Beauvais
Louis-François
Trouard's atelier
beginning of Ledoux's
own architectural practice
Hotel d'Hallwyl
1766- 1767

Semiretirement
Imprisonment

1789 - 1799

French Revolution

1760
1771
1779
1789
1769- 1771
Hotel Montmorency
1773
Pavilion of
Madame Du Barry
at Louveciennes
1774
Saline de Chaux
1785
New theater for Besançon
1783-1787
Palais de Justice and Prisions
at Aix-en-Provence
1785-1787
Barrieres de Paris
‘’Ledoux's three years at the College de Beauvais, introduced him to a world that he was never to leave: that of the classics, ancient and modern and of the sciences of progress and reform; it also provided him with the skills of a geometer, and the company of other upwardly mobile professionals and their future patrons, private and public.’’
Blondel's school
''From Blondel 's lectures, Ledoux absorbed the standard list of academic keywords, repeating them in the introduction to his L'Architecture nearly half a century later. Some were inherited from Vitruvius as interpreted by Claude Perrault:
health
(salubrite),
order
(ordonnance),
symmetry
(symetrie),
proportion
(proportion),
fitness
or
suitability
(convenance), and
propriety
(bienseance). Others had been given special significance by seventeenth century rationalism:
unity
(unite),
severity
(severite),
judgement
(jugement),
reasoning
(raisonnement), and
method
(methode). Others still had been taken from the classical tradition, but given new force by eighteenth-century sensationalist aesthetics:
character
(caractere),
contrast
(contraste),
variety
(variete). Some referred to an emerging consciousness of empirical constraints - disposition,
arrangement
(distribution),
need
(besoin).''
''Ledoux's early commissions were designed and judged under Blondel's criteria of late academic classicism. His contritrihutjon to this "return to antiquity" was confined at first to the facades and interior decoration of hotels constrained by the traditional plans of the existing buildings he was asked to remodel. ''
Engravings
from Daniel Ramee, L 'architectrtre
de C.N. Ledoux
(Paris, 1847)
colonnade of garden court
rear wall of
garden courtyard
‘’Mansards instead of flat roofs or slopes hidden behind attics, pilasters economically substituted for freestanding columns, irregularities in plan and elevation obscuring the pure play of geometrical combinations, all interfered with what for Ledoux was becoming an evident taste for regular, rectilinear, isolated blocks of building, with simplified neoPalladian plans and exterior orderings of colossal columns.’’
"Are we fallen into such misery that we are absolutely obliged to admire the tollgates of Paris?"

Victor Hugo
(1802 – 1885)

Ideal City of Chaux
Full transcript