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AP English Vocab
Transcript of AP English Vocab
& Haley Meade Satire Understatement Chiasmus/ Antimetabole A type of literature that exposes human folly through humor, exaggeration, or irony.
Ex#1: I never forget a face, but in your case, I'd be happy to make an exception.
Ex#2: Saying less than is warranted by the situation in order to emphasize reality.
Ex#1: Up close, the sun is pretty hot.
Ex#2: Have you ever been to Alaska? Its chilly up there. A sentence strategy in which the arrangement of ideas in the second clauses is a reversal of the first.
Ex#1: I can write better than anybody who can write faster, and i can write faster than anybody who can write better.
Ex#2: Paradox The juxtaposition of incongruous or conflicting ideas that reveals a truth or insight.
Ex#1: Nobody goes to that restaurant, its always too crowded.
Ex#2: Qualifying a claim "To qualify" means to show how a claim can be true in some ways but not true in others.
Ex#1: He is so stupid. He got multiple F's last semester!
Ex#2: The Pittsburgh Steelers are a great football team. They have won six Superbowl titles. (the most in the NFL) :) Oxymoron A figure of speech in which two contradictory elements are combined for effect.
Ex#1: He is a big little kid!
Ex#2: The room was haunted by a deafening silence. Induction Reasoning by which a general statement is reached on the bases of particular examples.
Ex#1: Inductive: Everyone in this new town is so nice. Deductive: All juniors are 16. Bryan is a junior, so he's 16.
Ex#2: He and his sister are nice, i bet everyone in his family is that nice. Counterexample An exception to a proposed general rule.
Ex#1: All animals living in the ocean are fish. Whales are mammals.
Ex#2: Imagery Fallacy An error of reasoning based on faulty use of evidence or incorrect inference.
Ex#1: Having arrived in Ohio, I saw a white squirrel; therefore, all squirrels in Ohio are white.
Ex#2: Circular Reasoning Zeugma Tongue-in-cheek Propaganda Analogy 46.Analogy
52.Qualifying a claim
60.Propaganda Compares two things that are similar in several respects to prove a point.
Ex #1: You are as annoying as nails on a chalkboard.
Ex #2: Faulty reasoning in which the writer attempts to support a statement by repeating the statement in different terms.
Ex#1: You can't give me a C, I'm an A student!
Ex#2: Language descriptions that invoke the senses. The use of a verb that has two different meanings with objects that complement both meanings.
Ex#1: "You are free to execute your laws, and your citizens, as you see fit." -Star Trek
Ex#2: The farmers in the valley grew potatoes, peanuts, and bored. humorous or ironic statement not meant to be taken literally.
Ex#1: My favorite movie came on TV last night, but I wasn't able to watch it. Isn't that so great!? (sarcasm)
Ex#2: Information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause. (especially of a biased or misleading nature)
Ex#1: Romney is a Mormon; therefore, he should not be president.
Ex#2: Ex#1: The vast forest was covered in flames, turning red and orange as the blazing leaves fell to the scorched earth below.