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RHYTHM

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by

Danning Wang

on 20 August 2013

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Transcript of RHYTHM

Rhythm
Rhythm
Rhythm

in art is a portrayal of art that looks and feels like it has a sense of beat. For example, rhythm in color, shape, size and whether the use of repetition to enhance it is used.
Repetition

involves the use of patterning to achieve timed movement and a visual "beat". This repetition may be a clear repetition of elements in a composition, or it may be a more subtle kind of repetition that can be observed in the underlying structure of the image.
Alternation
is a specific instance of patterning in which a sequence of repeating motifs are presented in turn.
Gradation
employs a series of motifs patterned to relate to one another through a regular progression of steps. This may be a gradation of shape or color. Some shape gradations may in fact create a sequence of events, not unlike a series of images in a comic strip.

Historical Perspective
Austrian artist Gustav Klimt establishes rhythm in his painting, The Expectation, but in different ways. He also combined Elements of Design to make his composition "move," but his lines, shapes, colors, and textures are quite different from Popova's design.
Culture Perspective
Critical Perspective
In Italian artist Giacomo Balla's painting Abstract Speed + Sound, below, the entire composition feels like it is moving. The curved and diagonal lines and shapes all help the piece feel like it is moving and flowing through space, giving it a sense of rhythm.
Giacomo Balla, Abstract Speed + Sound,1913-1914
In the painting above by Russian artist Lyubov Popova, the painter instills a strong sense of rhythm. He combined several Elements of Design in his painting to help the piece feel like it is "moving."
Lyubov Popova, Space-Power Construction, 1921
Visual rhythm can be created in a number of ways. Linear rhythm refers to the characteristic flow of the individual line. Accomplished artists have a recognizable manner of putting down the lines of their drawings that is a direct result of the characteristic gesture used to make those lines, which, if observed, can be seen to have a rhythm of its own. Linear rhythm is not as dependent on pattern, but is more dependent on timed movement of the viewer's eye.
Technical Perspective
Personal Perspective
Reference
http://artapprenticeonline.com/blog/rhythm-in-art/

http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/principl/rhythm/rhythm.htm

http://afaithfulattempt.blogspot.ca/2012/03/rhythm-movement-figures.html

Rhythm depends largely upon the elements of pattern and movement to achieve its effects. The parallels between rhythm in sound/ music are very exact to the idea of rhythm in a visual composition. The difference is that the timed "beat" is sensed by the eyes rather than the ears.


Taizokai (Womb World) mandala, second half of ninth century
Rhythm is a combination of different elements repeated, but it with more variations in the painting. Rhythm creates unique effects.
Rhythm is showing consistency with colors or lines. It is indicating movement by the repetition of elements. Rhythm can make an artwork seem active. Rhythms can be random, regular, alternating, flowing, and progressive. Classes of pattern include mosaics, lattices, spirals, meanders, waves, symmetry and fractals, among others.
Personal Perspective
Rhythm is like a cycle, repetition is the most important part of rhythm. The first response I have when I heard the word rhythm is daily life. It makes our agenda more regular. Also rhythm can make art more distinct. Sunrise and sunset are the fundamental rhythm of every day
M.C. Escher - Lizard, 1942

Alternating Rhythm - Two or more different motifs may be alternated, such as the black and red squares in a checkerboard; a single motif might be flipped, mirrored or rotated every so many iterations.

Random Rhythm - Groupings of similar motifs or elements that repeat with no regularity create a random rhythm. Pebble beaches, the fall of snow, fields of clover, herds of cattle, and traffic jams all demonstrate random rhythms. What may seem random at one scale, however, may exhibit purpose and order at another scale.

Flowing Rhythm - Flowing rhythm is created by undulating elements and intervals, bending and curving motifs and spaces. Natural flowing rhythm can be seen in streams and waterways, beaches and waves, sand dunes and glaciers, rolling hills and wind-blown grasses.

Gloria Petyarre - Bush Medicine Dreaming, 2008, acrylic on canvas, 152 x 91 cm

Steven Hill - Melon Pitcher, 2010, 10.5 x 9 x 7.5 in.

Random Rhythm - Groupings of similar motifs or elements that repeat with no regularity create a random rhythm. Pebble beaches, the fall of snow, fields of clover, herds of cattle, and traffic jams all demonstrate random rhythms. What may seem random at one scale, however, may exhibit purpose and order at another scale.

Marcel Duchamp - Nude Descending a Staircase (No. 2), 1912, oil on canvas, 147 x 89.2 cm

Gloria Petyarre - Bush Medicine Dreaming, 2008, acrylic on canvas, 152 x 91 cm

M.C. Escher - Lizard, 1942

Random Rhythm - Groupings of similar motifs or elements that repeat with no regularity create a random rhythm. Pebble beaches, the fall of snow, fields of clover, herds of cattle, and traffic jams all demonstrate random rhythms. What may seem random at one scale, however, may exhibit purpose and order at another scale.

René Magritte - Golconde, 1953, oil on canvas, 81 x 100 cm
Chuck Close - Self Portrait 2007 Screenprint, 2007, Screenprint in 187 colors, 74.5 x 57.8 in.
Regular Rhythm - Like a heart or song with a steady beat, regular rhythm is created by a series of elements, often identical or similar, that are placed at regular or similar intervals, such as in grids. Simple regular rhythms, if overused, can be monotonous.
Jasper Johns - Three Flags, 1958, encaustic on canvas, 30 7/8 × 45 1/2 × 5 in. The flag stripes have alternating rhythm, but the stars and flags themselves have regular rhythm
Alternating Rhythm - Two or more different motifs may be alternated, such as the black and red squares in a checkerboard; a single motif might be flipped, mirrored or rotated every so many iterations.
Flowing Rhythm - Flowing rhythm is created by undulating elements and intervals, bending and curving motifs and spaces. Natural flowing rhythm can be seen in streams and waterways, beaches and waves, sand dunes and glaciers, rolling hills and wind-blown grasses
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Progressive Rhythm - In progressive rhythm, each time a motif repeats it changes a little, transforming and translating in a steady sequence - the motif progresses from one thing to another.
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