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The Battle Of Midway
Transcript of The Battle Of Midway
Yamamoto held several important posts in the Imperial Japanese Navy, and undertook many of its changes and reorganizations, especially its development of naval aviation. He was the commander-in-chief during the decisive early years of the Pacific War and so was responsible for major battles such as Pearl Harbor and Midway. He died during an inspection tour of forward positions in the Solomon Islands when his aircraft (a Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bomber) was shot down during an ambush by American P-38 Lightning fighter planes. His death was a major blow to Japanese military morale during World War II. Yamaoto had a plan against the United States, and it was very complicated. He was a very intelligent man, and knew that the only carriers available to the US at the time were the USS Enterprise and the USS Hornet, which formed Task Force 16. He based most his plans off this knowledge. At the Battle of the Coral Sea just a month earlier, USS Lexington had been sunk and USS Yorktown damaged severely enough that the Japanese believed it also to have been sunk. The Japanese were also aware that USS Saratoga was undergoing repairs on the West Coast after suffering torpedo damage from a submarine. However, more important was Yamamoto's belief the Americans had been demoralized by their frequent defeats during the preceding six months. Yamamoto felt deception would be required to lure the U.S. fleet into a fatally compromised situation.To this end, he dispersed his forces so that their full extent (particularly his battleships) would be unlikely to be discovered by the Americans prior to battle. Critically, Yamamoto's supporting battleships and cruisers would trail Vice-Admiral Nagumo Chūichi's carrier striking force by several hundred miles. Japan's heavy surface forces were intended to destroy whatever part of the U.S. fleet might come to Midway's relief, once Nagumo's carriers had weakened them sufficiently for a daylight gun duel,this was typical of the battle doctrine of most major navie But Unknown to Yamaoto, the Americans had broken the Japanese naval code. And because he dispersed his fleet it meant his formations could not support each other. Which left them wide open and cost them dearly in the battle. Midway Atoll, several months before the battle. Eastern Island (with the airfield) is in the foreground, and the larger Sand Island is in the background to the west. Casualties: American Side:
1 carrier sunk,
1 destroyer sunk,
150 aircraft destroyed
307 killed Japanese Side:
4 carriers sunk,
1 cruiser sunk,
248 carrier aircraft destroyed