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The Impact of Technology in the 1950s
Transcript of The Impact of Technology in the 1950s
Definition of Society
The Impact of Technology on Society in the 50s
“The community of people living in a particular country or region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations,”
"The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community.”
The invention of Optic Fibre in 1955 completely revolutionized technology, it was used for communication, transmitting energy in the form of light pulses which helped telephone communication. Optic Fibre was able to handle tens of thousands of conversations simultaneously and also had medical purposes. 1956 saw the first computer hard disk and 3D motion pictures. In 1957 the satellite Sputnik was the first artificial satellite that was successfully placed in orbit around the Earth. Lasers, integrated circuits and computer modems were all invented in 1958. Finally the first heart pacemaker, copy machine and microchip came into existence in 1959.
Society in the 1950s
In the 1950’s WW2 had just ended and a new age was beginning. Society was mostly comprised of families moving out into the suburbs, 12 inch black and white TV sets being made popular, kids spending Saturday afternoons watching cartoons at Cinema matinees, teenagers hanging out at the drive in and the man of the household being the sole breadwinner. The median family income was at $3,300 a year and milk was still delivered to the doorstep. There was limited violence and rock n’ roll was beginning to become hugely popular amongst the teenage population.
These appliances reduced the amount of time women had to spend cleaning. This meant that they could enjoy more leisure time while still having a clean, comfortable home for their families. Because of this many women were able to choose to join the paid workforce, changing the shape of the Australian labour market forever, and encouraging more women to stand up for their rights.
Connecting to the World
• In the 1950s for the first time in history people could see things that were happening all over the world virtually as they happened. Because of televisions people could see what celebrities were wearing and doing every day, which led to a whole generation who modelled themselves after celebrities. For example, because Hollywood icons such as James Dean and Humphrey Bogart were never without a cigarette (and people knew this because they were seen on TV all the time), and screen beauties such as Audrey Hepburn and Marlene Dietrich made smoking look sensual and sophisticated, smoking became the epitome of coolness and glamour.
When Chuck Berry invented Rock n’ Roll in 1955 it was easier than ever for Australia to listen to his music using their portable and car radios, causing the Rock n’ Roll epidemic. With technology allowing teenagers to listen to Rock n’ Roll wherever they were, whether it was in their car, at the beach or at home, the Rock n’ Roll culture was quickly absorbed into Australia through technology. Technology even enhanced the quality of live performances, enticing more people (mostly teenagers) into the Rock culture.
• After years of rationing and shortages, when the war ended people were keen to start buying new things. During this period, Australians enthusiastically covered their homes with a range of new domestic appliances. Using technology advertisers were creating bright television and magazine advertisements, encouraging the Australian population to buy more, more and more.
A Summary of Technology in the 1950’s
• In the modern day technology is used for everything from waking people up in the mornings to helping them get to work to entertaining them when they get home. Technology has made life hugely more efficient and has had many effects on the world and even saved lives. Such as there being more awareness of issues in other countries, because technology makes it so much easier to know what’s happening. There are also many other ways that technology impacts society today, and while some of them are negative, the majority of them, are positive.
Modern Day Technology
• In conclusion the 1950s was a huge time for technology, because the war was over and people were looking ahead into the future again. Technology had a massive impact on society in Australia, from changing what its image of cool was, what people wore and how they acted, to giving women more free time from cleaning the house and beginning the change of gender stereotype. Technology today is used for practically everything and has made the everyday lives of people millions of times more efficient.
The 1950’s was a massive decade for technology and saw huge leaps and bounds in the field. In 1950 Frank McNamara came up with the idea of the credit card, and the first ever tape recorder was invented in 1951. Televisions, while not invented in the 50’s became hugely popular and widespread during this time, and in 1952 passenger jets entered the service. In 1954 Transistor Radios became the most popular electronic communication devices in history and The Black Box was invented. The Solar Cell, Solar Battery and Polypropylene, (a thermos plastic wire used in a variety of applications) were all invented in 1954.