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Yr 10 Art - Relief Printing

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lisa hass

on 1 September 2010

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Transcript of Yr 10 Art - Relief Printing

Dürer's Rhinoceros, woodcut, 1515. What is Relief Printing? A printing process in which the impression(picture) is created by the
uncarved areas of the printing surface. The surface is inked with a roller and the cut areas do not print as they are recessed. This is a woodcut, created by Albrecht Durer a German painter, print maker and theorist from Nuremberg in 1515. This print has always
intrigued me.
Look at the minute detail.
The ELEMENT of LINE is used to create pattern
through the repetition of circles and hatching.
The ELEMENT of TONE is created with the intensity of line
to represent shadow
and removal of line to represent highlights. The use of light and shade create FORM, that is - it makes the rhinoceros look 3D. But that's not all that is fascinating
about this woodcut... Durer created this realistic represenation of an Indian rhinoceros from a written description and sketch from another artist. This highlights the absolute importance for a language of art, one that transcends borders, language barriers, science, technology and cultures. This is known as AESTHETIC VOCABULARY and is achieved by recognising the ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of ART.

For those of you that have started creating your relief printing using the material LINOCUT, you must choose 3 ELEMENTS and 3 PRINCIPLES of ART to DESCRIBE your image.

For those of you that have not started your linocut you must choose 3 ELEMENTS and 3 PRINCIPLES of ART to DESCRIBE Abrecht Durer's Rhinoceros woodcut, 1415.

Refer to handout for description of Elements and Principles of Art.
Minimum word count 300.
This technique is derived from woodcut. Lino has different characteristics, the material is softer, more subtle. Linocut is suited to bold simplified designs of contrasting light and dark areas of colour. Another artist that has used relief printing techniques is Pablo Picasso. ELEMENTS OF ART
ELEMENTS of Art: Point, Line, Shape, Colour, Tone and Texture.Some or all of these elements are important parts of all artworks. Artists use them in many different ways. When you are talking or writing about artworks it is important to ask yourself how and why the artists have used the elements. Recognising elements in an artwork is like recognising the words in a story. By becoming familiar with them we begin to be able to ‘read’ an artwork.

A point is made by the application of a single spot or dot. When grouped together, a cluster of points can indicate a change in tone.

A line is a series of joining points. A line is a single stroke made with any material (such as pen pencil, charcoal or paint) moving between a starting point and a finishing point. It is the most commonly used element of design. It can be horizontal, vertical, curved, heavy, thick, thin and jagged with variations and combinations.

Shapes are two- dimensional. When lines join up they create a shape. If we trace around the edge an object we produce a silhouette shape. When a shape becomes a three- dimensional object it is called a FORM.

Colour is a sensation seen by the eye and is created from light, reflection and absorption. Colours in art can also be described as primary, secondary or tertiary. Colour is an important element used for describing emotions.

Tone is a degree of lightness or darkness of a colour. A tint is produced when white is added to a colour to make it lighter. A shade is produced when black is added to a colour to make it darker. Tones can also be created with pencil. By altering the pressure it can create different shades. By hatching and cross-hatching (criss-crossing lines) a variety of greys and shades can be created. Black and white are TONES; they are not colours.

Texture is how the surface of an object feels – lumpy, rough, scaly, slippery, silky & metallic. This is ‘real’ texture and is an important element of sculpture or some painting. The illusion of texture can also be created in painting or drawing by imitating the texture using dots, lines, tones and scratches. This is called ‘simulated’ texture. PRINCIPLES of ART: Balance, Rhythm, Contrast, Variety, Unity, Proportion, Emphasis or Focal Point.
Artists use principles and elements of art to create a COMPOSITION. A composition is the way in which the various parts of a painting, drawing, print, photograph, sculpture etc. are organised. The Principles are the way in which Elements can be used. The principles are like paragraphs and the interlinking them into a story. Every artwork is a story.

A pair of scales is balanced when it has equal weight on both sides Artists use the elements of art to create balance in artworks. Each element has weight, which we can feel with our eyes. For example large shapes are ‘heavier’ than small ones. Detail is ‘heavier’ than plain areas. Things near the edge are ‘heavier’ than things close to the centre. If an artwork were symmetrical you would find equal or similar elements on both sides of the work. If the work is asymmetrical the arrangement of the art elements on both sides is quite different.

When we listen to music or read poetry, the repetition of beats creates a pattern. Repeating elements creates visual rhythms. Artists repeat elements to move our eyes around a composition.

Contrast refers to the use of opposing elements. For example contrast can be the use of straight and curved lines or light areas next to dark ones. Contrast can also occur between colours, eg red and green, yellow and purple, orange and blue. Contrast attracts our attention and makes things stand out. It creates interest.

Too much of one thing can be monotonous. Artists use variety in their work to create more interesting compositions.
They do this by using different elements or the same element in different ways. Variety can be created through the use of contrast.

Like people who are united we are saying that they work together. Unity is important in artworks. If different elements in a work are not united one or more elements will stand out and this could make it difficult to concentrate on the whole work.
To create unity artists may repeat art elements. or use elements that go together (such as harmonious colours).
They may overlap or link art elements.

Proportion refers to the relationship between size, height and width of one part of a composition to another part.
For example the human figure looks in proportion when the parts are the right size.

Many artworks have an area of interest to which the eye is directed or focused. This is called the focal point. A Focal point can be created in many ways. For example a big shape amongst smaller ones can create a focal point. A strong line can lead our eye to an area of emphasis.
For this Demo on linocutting,
you may want to turn the sound down! For the lino work, you will be working in one colour only.
The following demonstration uses more than one layer of colour. It shows where the artist got her inspiration and ideas from and how she transformed, stylised and simplified the design of her artwork to suit the qualities of the material (woodblock) she is working with.
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