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Bible Versions

Lesson 3
by

Stephen Johns

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of Bible Versions

Lesson One:
The Importance of the Word

Lesson Two:
God's Word preserved for us today

Lesson Three:
Inspiration and the Canon of Scripture

“God speaks to us through the Scriptures not in order to make us scholars, but to make us Christians.” - Hermann Ridderbos
Inspiration
2 Timothy 3:16-17

“16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be competent, equipped for every good work.”
2 Peter 1:21

“For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”
God-breathed
Through Human Instruments
All the Word is God's Word
The Canon
The Old Testament
The New Testament
The Apocrypha
The Dates of the Canon
Deuteronomy 13:1-3

“1 “If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, 2 and the sign or wonder that he tells you comes to pass, and if he says, ‘Let us go after other gods,’ which you have not known, ‘and let us serve them,’ 3 you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams. For the LORD your God is testing you, to know whether you love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.”
Ten Commandments
Additional works by Moses
Joshua's additional writings
Other Prophets
1. Test of Authorship
2. Early Church Witness
3. Agreement with Doctrine
1. Test of Authorship
2. Early Church Witness
3. Agreement with Doctrine
The apocrypha acknowledges that there were no prophets speaking for the Lord in the day of their writing on four separate occasions. At no point do the books of the apocrypha claim divine, prophetic, or apostolic authorship.
Typically only included in codex's at the end as filler
The church never saw these as canon until the Catholic church in the 1500's
At no point did Jesus or the Apostles cite these as Divine although they did so 295 times with the Old Testament
150 AD Melito of Sardis – all of the OT books of our canon except Esther (none of the Apocrypha) within 50 years of the death of the last Apostle

240 AD Origen – all of the OT books including Esther (none of the Apocrypha) and all of our current NT canon citing specifically only our four gospels.

367 AD Athanasius – All of our OT canon (excluding Esther) and all of our current NT canon again excluding specifically books of the Apocrypha
Christian Recognition of the Canon
The Canon is Closed
Revelation 22:18-19

“18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.”
Testimony of the Word
No Apostolic Succession
No Prophecy
Full transcript