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Chapter 22 Section 2

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Colin Marcott

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Chapter 22 Section 2

Revolution in China Fall of the Qing After the Boxer Rebellion, the Qing dynasty tied to reform itself.
A new educational system based on Western model replaced the civil service examination.
The new elite, composed of merchants, professionals, and reform-minded gentry, became impatient with slow political change.
Unrest grew in the countryside The Rise of Sun Yat-sen In the last decade of the 19th century, the first signs of revolution appeared when young radical Sun Yat-sen formed the Revive China Society Qing Dynasty needed to be united
or be at the mercy of other countries Sun developed a three-stage reform process First stage:
Military takeover Second stage:
Transitional phase to
prepare people for
democratic rule Third and Final stage:
Establishment of a
constitutional democracy In 1905, at a convention
in Tokyo,... ...Sun united members of radical
groups from across China and formed
the Revolutionary Alliance which called
for many changes in the government This advocated his Three
People's Principles: nationalism,
democracy, and the right for people
to pursue their own livelihoods. The Revolution of 1911 Empress Dowager Ci Xi
died in 1908. An infant by the name
of Henry Pu Yi was now
on the throne. China's
"last emperor." In October 1911, followers of
Sun Yat-sen launched an uprising
in central China. The government was
to weak to react with Sun in the U.S.,
so the Qing dynasty collapsed. General Yuan Shigai, who controlled
the army, took over as leader. Agreed to serve as
President of the new
Chinese republic. An Era of Civil War Military took over after
Qing dynasty collapse. General Yuan understood little
of the new Western ideas in China. Traditionalists hated Yuan for
being disloyal to the dynasty by
using murder and terror to destroy
the new democratic institutions. Sun's party, the Nationalists, launched
a rebellion after Yuan's dicatorial efforts led to Yuan dissolving the new parliament... ...but the rebellion failed
and Sun Yet-sen fled to Japan. Yuan became very strong, but died in
1916 and was succeeded by one of his
officers. Civil war followed along with
massive destruction in China. Cultural Changes Society in Transition Growth of industry and trade
was especially noticeable in
the cities of China during
their state of transition. Commodities, or marketable
products, like oil, salt,
tea, and porcelain started
to appear in industry. Chinese economy was more
productive than ever. Faster and more
reliable transportation Better system of
money and banking. Created the foundation
of a money economy Westerners affected the
Chinese economy in 3 ways... 1.) Westerners introduced
modern mean of transportation
and communications 2.) Created an
export market 3.) Integrated the Chinese market into the 19th century world economy They also gave them a
model, funds, and the
technical knowledge to
mondernize society. Imperialism imposed a
state of dependence on
China, though. Most industry was then
destroyed and profits
went mostly to foreign
countries, instead. In the early 20th century,
the pace of change quickened
even more in China. Chinese businesspeople began
to develop new ventures with
WWI drawing foreign investment
away for the time being. Shanghai, Wuhan,
Tianjin, and
Guangzhou became
big industrial and
commercial centers Culture in Transition In 1800, daily life had mostly stayed
the same for centuries. Most
people were farmers in villages. 125 years later, Chinese society would be changed through indusrialization, education, and wealth of the people. Still a struggle between
radical reformers and the
traditionalists. Western ideas, art, literature,
and music have now been brought
to China and became very popular. Mao Dun and Ba Jin... ...both became very
famous authors during
this time.
Full transcript