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Theme

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by

Miss Taylor

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Theme

Topic vs. Theme
A theme is
a revelation about our lives.
What
is
theme?

Let's look at the topic "government corruption and control" in "The Hunger Games".
Theme
is
what the author has to say
about the subject he or she has written about.
Stories can have MORE THAN ONE theme!
Some themes for "The Hunger Games" could be:
BE CAREFUL!!! Don't get too specific with your themes.
"Dwarfs are helpful" is too specific to the "Snow White" story.
Topics are one or two words
(what is the story about?)
Finding meaning
in literature

Theme
AGAIN...Theme is not a topic!
Topics are what the author has chosen to write about.
For example, the subject of "The Hunger Games" is

dystopian society
,
government control and corruption
,
overcoming challenges
.
Try this!
What is the
topic
of "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs?
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is about:
a beautiful princess
community
dwarfs
an evil queen
jealousy
Theme is not plot either.
Plot is the series of event within a story.
running away
What is Suzanne Collins saying about government control and corruption?
This is the theme.
What Suzanne Collins is likely trying to say is, to quote Lord Acton,
Try this!
Using the topic "jealousy" for "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", what is the theme?
How do they eventually end up?
How are the jealous characters portrayed?
Before you decide on the theme, take a look at "jealousy" within the story.
What do they do?
Given what we know about the Evil Queen, who was jealous in the story, what is the author trying to tell us about jealousy?
Jealousy is a powerful emotion that can destroy lives.
This is one of the themes of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
A theme is the
truth about life
revealed in
a work of literature.
Theme
is a discovery of truth.
Some popular themes, such as those about loyalty and friendship, appear in may different stories. These are called recurring themes.
Examples of popular topics...
understanding the nature of love
accepting responsibility
understanding loss
dealing with ambition
discovering the joys and problems of friendship
"Absolute power corrupts absolutely"
.
Themes aren't specific to the work of literature you're reading, but relevant to all of us.
Some themes for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs could be:
Teamwork often leads to success
Making a difference takes hard work
Everyone is their own person and no one belongs to anyone else
Too much power can lead to chaos
Love conquers all
Good triumphs over evil
Good people are blessed while bad people are punished
"A bow and arrow will help you survive the Hunger Games" is too specific to "The Hunger Games"story
"Being evil will turn you into a witch and you'll fall off a cliff" is too specific to "Snow White".
"Splitting the country into districts would never work" is too specific to "The Hunger Games".
Themes are a phrase or a sentence

(what is the author trying to say
about
the subject?)
Topics
love
friendship
family
loss
hardship and struggle
Themes
Love conquers all.
Good triumphs over evil.
Crime doesn't pay.
Sacrifices bring reward.
Honesty is the best policy.
The End
What is the story

about
?
Theme is a message about life or human nature that a writer wants you to understand.
BE CAREFUL!
It's easy to confuse a story's theme with it's topic.
A

topic can be summed up in a word or two
, such as "taking risks."
A THEME is a writer's message
about
a topic.
A theme is
ONE COMPLETE SENTENCE
. For example, "Life's biggest rewards come from taking risks."

A Story has at least one theme.... However, a story may have more than one theme or multiple themes.
REMEMBER...
Stories can mean different things to different people. Two people reading a story might describe its theme differently or find different themes.
Example of Themes in Literature:
"
Thank You Ma'am"
Plot Summary:
Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones catches Roger trying to steal her purse. She drags him to her home, makes him wash up, and feeds him. Then she gives him the ten dollars he was trying to steal.

Topic
Second chances
Possible Themes
Everyone deserves a second chance
An act of kindness can make a difference in a person's life.
How do we determine the THEME?
Theme can be stated DIRECTLY by the narrator or character.
Most often, a theme is IMPLIED - hinted at but not stated directly.
CLUES to THEME
TITLE:
The title may reflect a story's topic, it's theme, or both.
Ask:
What does each word in the title mean?
What ideas does the title emphasize?
CLUES TO THEME
SETTING:
A setting (PAT) can suggest theme through its effects on the characters and on the events in the story.

Ask:
How does the setting influence the characters?
How does the setting affect the conflicts?
What might the setting represent? (For example, (For example, a historical setting, such as London in the mid-1800s when many people lived in poverty, may suggest a theme related to generosity or greed.)
CLUES TO THEME
PLOT:
A story's plot on revolves around a conflict that is important to the theme.
Ask
:
What conflicts do the character's face?
How are the conflicts resolved?

CLUES TO THEME
CHARACTERS:
What characters do and learn can reflect a theme.
Ask:
What are the main characters like? (Analyze their speech, thoughts, and actions)
How do the characters respond to the conflicts?
How do the characters change?
What lessons do the characters learn?
Full transcript