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Three complex vowels (Diphthongs)
Joining* Vowels to Vowels
Advanced Pronunciation 1
Unit 1
Vowel Overview

Vowel Sounds in American English
There are fourteen vowel sounds in American English:
Eleven vowels
(Monophthongs)
Three complex vowels (Diphthongs)
seat
sit
say
met
cat
butter
sofa
stop
do
book
no
ball
Eleven vowels
(Monophthongs)
http://soundsofspeech.uiowa.edu/english/english.html
/ay/
sound as in 
my
 and 
white

/aw/
sound as in 
lighthouse, cow, flower
, and 
fountain

/
oy
/ sound as in 
boil, poison, toilet
, and 
annoy
http://ocw.uci.edu/upload/files/vowels.pdf
http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/phonemic-chart
vowel-like sound as in shirt, bird, first and her.
Complex
vowels
vowel-like sound
Tense and Lax Vowels
*linking
Exercise 1: Feeling Sounds
Front and Back Vowels
High and Low Vowels
Say....
a) /iy-uw-iy-uw/
c) /ɪ-ʊ-ɪ-ʊ/
d) /æ-ɔ-æ-ɔ/
Say....
e) /iy-ɑ-iy-ɑ/
f) /ɪ-æ-ɪ-æ/
g) /ʊ-ɔ-ʊ-ɔ/
Eleven seconds of pain!
b) /ey-ow-ey-ow/
Exercise 2-3: Stretching
PEER DICTATION
Choose 15 words from Ex. 2 & 3, and write them in your notebook.
Don't let your partner see the words.
Student A has to dictate those words to student B who has to write them down.
SAY THE WORDS ONLY THREE TIMES.
Switch turns!
http://evaeaston.com/pronunciation/vowels.html
https://quizlet.com/192751393/flashcards
Listen and answer
https://pronuncian.com/linking-vowels-into-vowels/
1. My car is very old.
2. My car is so old.
3. At least he asked for permission.
4. Rachel's interview is the day after tomorrow.
5. Mary really appreciates that you're staying late to help!
6. Let's take a break, then try again after lunch.
7. They're going to buy energy efficient appliances.
8. Do you know anyone that can help translate this?
9. The value of their house fell drastically.
10. Kids grow up so quickly!
11. Karen wanted to ask if you'd come along.
12. Let's go over the documents tomorrow afternoon.
http://mfbc.us/m/u2xbh
1. My car is ver
y o
ld.
2. My car is s
o o
ld.
3. At least h
e a
sked for permission.
4. Rachel's interview is the da
y a
fter tomorrow.
5. Mary reall
y a
ppreciates that you're staying late to help!
6. Let's take a break, then tr
y a
gain after lunch.
7. They're going to bu
y e
nerg
y e
fficient appliances.
8. Do you kn
ow a
nyone that can help translate this?
9. The valu
e o
f their house fell drastically.
10. Kids gr
ow u
p so quickly!
11. Karen wanted t
o a
sk if you'd come along.
12. Let's g
o o
ver the documents tomorr
ow a
fternoon.
Practice saying the sentences with a partner.
Unit 2
/iy/ sl
ee
p and /ɪ/ sl
i
p

REVIEW UNIT 1
Watch the video and write 5 sentences using 5 different vowel sounds and the words from each of them.
Make them logical. You don't have to use all the words.
Example: I s
ee
a sh
ee
p at the p
ea
ce
ful
b
ea
ch.
EXTENDED PRACTICE -UNIT 1-10
Learn English pronunciation: - American Vowel sounds ESL
S
i
x st
i
cky skel
e
tons (x3)
Which witch is which? (x3)
/iy/
/ɪ/
EXAM PRACTICE -BOOKS CLOSED
A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

WHISPERING GAME
https://quizlet.com/192802516/flashcards
Dictation
1. pepper
2. slip
3. luck
4. live
5. stood
6. said
7. wait
8. lack
9. nut
10. lock
Recognition Practice
https://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/minimal-pairs-i-ee.htm
1. bin - bean

2. chip - cheap

3. his - he’s

4. it - eat

5. sit - seat
6. deed - did

7. feel - fill

8. fit - feet

9. grin - green

10. heat - hit
11. is - ease

12. meet - mitt

13. sleep - slip

14. steal - still
http://evaeaston.com/pronunciation/I-iy-quiz01.html
Unit 3
/ey/ w
ai
t,
/ɛ/ w
e
t and
/ɪ/ w
i
t
Extra video for students:
http://soundsofspeech.uiowa.edu/english/english.html
/eɪ/ /ey/
WORDS RECOGNITION
PRACTICE
EXAM PRACTICE
BOOKS CLOSED
A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

keep
kept
ee
/iy/
e
/ɛ/
ALTERNATING VOWELS
Exercise 6: Friends
network
Recognition Practice
1. dead - did

2. desk - disk

3. pen - pain

4. rest - raced

5. fell - fail

6. belt - built

7. fell - fill

8. head - hid

9 left - lift

10. mess - miss
11. well - whale

12. west - waist

13. tell - tale

14. check - chick

15. hem - him

sounding board
tangible
coping mechanism
buffer
/ey/ /ɛ/ /ɪ/
/iy/ /ɪ/
https://quizlet.com/193588077/flashcards
Unit 4
/æ/ m
a
n
and /ɛ/ m
e
n
THE /ɛ/ and /æ/ GAME
sane
sanity
a
/æ/
a
/ey/
ALTERNATING VOWELS
Production
Control
https://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/minimal-pairs-a-e.htm
http://thesmallguidesite.com/pronounce/tonguetwister_e_ae.html
S
e
t a m
a
t on the s
a
nd and g
e
t a t
a
n.
1. LEAVE 2. LIVE

3. WAIT 4. WET

5. GOOD FEET 6. GOOD FIT

7. HE GOT THE LIST OF THE WINNERS 8. HE GOT THE LEAST OF THE WINNERS

9. BLONDER 10. BLUNDER

11. JAMES HAS A HEAVY SCHEDULE, SO HE EATS FAST FOOD EVERY DAY.

12. HE WANTS MODERN TECHNOLOGY BUT HE DOESN’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY.

13. PEOPLE LACK OF SINCERITY NOWADAYS. THEY NEED TO BE MORE SINCERE.

14. NATURE WILL NOT GIVE US THOSE NATURAL PRODUCTS IF WE KEEP DESTROYING IT.

15. CORRUPT GOVERNMENTS ALWAYS HAVE JOB PROBLEMS ONCE A MONTH.
PRACTICE FIRST!
Unit 5
/ɑ/ l
o
ck
and /ə/ l
u
ck
Schwa / ə /
Caret / ʌ /
=
stressed
unstressed
Schwa / ə /
Caret / ʌ /
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://epronunciation.com/pronunciation/vowels/unit-1-%CA%8C-and-%C9%91.html
http://evaeaston.com/pronunciation/a-v-quiz.html
Extra:
The Love of Money
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://www.dictionary.com/
Unit 6

http://lingorado.com/ipa/
EXAM PRACTICE
BOOKS CLOSED
A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

psychology
study
mental
problems
depression
happy
general
balance
pleasure
sad
angry
friend
next
test
ups
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
Unit 7
Vowels Followed /r/

R-Colored Vowel
/r/ after vowels
A: hair,
B: It's "number 10"
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
Unit 8
/ow / b
oa
t /ɔ/ b
ou
ght, and
/ɑ/ p
o
t
/oʊ/
/ow/
QUIZ TIME!
JOINING WORDS
/w/ AND /y/ + vowel sounds
https://www.evaeaston.com/category/linking/
DIALECT DIFFERENCES
EXAM PRACTICE
BOOKS CLOSED
A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

A)

B)

ALTERNATING VOWELS
know
knowledge
o
/ɑ/
o
/ow/
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
Unit 9
/uw/ c
oo
l, /ʊ/ c
ou
ld, and /yuw/ c
u
te
/uw/
/u/
https://quizlet.com/195776579/flashcards
ALTERNATING VOWELS
assume
assumption
u
/ə/
u
/uw/
oo
SAY THE SYMBOL!
POOL
/ʊ/
/uw/
/ʊ/
/uw/
SOUNDS AND SPELLING
Nervous Hand - Card Game
into
Unit 10
/ay/ w
i
de, /aw/ h
ou
se, and /oy/ b
o
y
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronunciation4/index.php
"PAIN" VOWELS
JOINING WORDS
/w/ AND /y/ + vowel sounds
ALTERNATING VOWELS
ride
ridden
i
/ɪ/
i
/ay/
Unit 11
Consonant Overview
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://soundsofspeech.uiowa.edu/english/english.html
Voiced consonants
What is voiced?

If you feel a vibration when you put your fingers on your throat while making a sound, then this sound is voiced.

Try this:
B
a
rr
y’s
m
o
m
is a rea
ll
y
l
o
v
e
l
y
l
a
d
y
/b/
b
all
/d/
d
og
/ʤ/
j
oke
/g/
g
ood
/v/
v
an
/ð/
th
at
/z/
z
oo
/ʒ/
v
ision
/m/
m
outh
/n/
n
o
/ŋ/ thi
ng
/l/
l
ove
/r/
r
ight
/w/
w
hy
/j/
y
ou
Voiceless consonants
What is voiceless?
If you don’t feel a vibration when you put your fingers on your throat while making a sound, or if the sound is a short expelling of air, then this sound is voiceless.

Try this:

P
lease
p
ut
th
e
sk
a
t
e away
/p/
p
ea
/t/
t
ea
/ʧ/
ch
eap
/k/
c
offee
/f/  
f
at
/θ/
th
in
/s/
s
ee
/ʃ/
sh
e
/h/
h

Unit 12
Beginning and Final Consonants
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
/p/
/t/
/k/
Voiceless
(Mostly in the beginning)
Aspirated
Voiced
(In the beginning)
Unaspirated
(
(
(
Voiceless
(after stressed vowels)
Unit 13
-ed Endings; flapped /t/ and /d/
http://lingorado.com/ipa/
EXAM PRACTICE
BOOKS CLOSED
A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)

A)
B)
ADVERBS
naked
two-legged
-edly
advisedly
ad-vis-ed-ly
FLAPPED T
CITY
/'sɪd iy/
PRETTY
/'pɹɪd iy/
FORTY
/'fɔɹ diy/
Water, matter, letter, rider, adding, data, middle, thirty, etc.
WHAT IS IT?
/'Wʌd ɪz ɪt?/
C
I
T
Y
PR
E
TT
Y
FO
R
T
Y
Unit 14
TH Sounds: /θ/,/ð/

http://lingorado.com/ipa/
TH Sounds
VOICED
THIRD
FORTH
FIFTH
SIXTH ...
θ/ OR /ð/
/θ/, /ð/, /θ/, /ð/,/θ/, /ð/, /θ/, /ð/...
VOICELESS
Unit 15
/p/
p
ack, /b/
b
ack,
/f/
f
an, /v/
v
an and
/w/
w
est

http://lingorado.com/ipa/
http://evaeaston.com/pronunciation/p-b-pattern.html
http://evaeaston.com/pronunciation/f-v-pattern.html
http://evaeaston.com/pronunciation/w-pattern.html
http://www.poundhill.talktalk.net/phon03.htm
http://www.rong-chang.com/mjc/pronunciation/consonants/pan_ban.htm
http://www.rong-chang.com/mjc/pronunciation/consonants/volt_bolt.htm
PRACTICE FIRST!
PRACTICE FIRST!
https://quizlet.com/197303113/flashcards
ADDED [ ]
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